Pheng Her, Teresa Le, and      Raul Lopez
Felix Mendelssohn and Fingals            Cave Overture• Felix Mendelssohn (1809-47) a German pianist, musicologist,  organ...
Felix Mendelssohn (cont.)• On the archipelago – legendary Fingals Cave    – Inspired Mendelssohn to compose overture calle...
Bedrich Smetana and Die Moldau• Bedrich Smetana (1824-84) was a Czech composer, conductor, critic,  and one of the champio...
Vltava (Die Moldau)• Vltava (#2 of the Ma Vlast) is also known as Die Moldau in  German and depicts the River Moldau in wh...
Vltava (Die Moldau) – cont.I.      Upper strings and oboes enters with the main Vltava theme and forms the        MoldauII...
Jean Sibelius and The             Swan of Tuonela• Jean Sibelius (1865-1957) began composing as a  child even before any f...
Jean Sibelius – cont.• Swedish vs. Finnish   – Interest was deepened by another interest in Aino     Jarnefelt, younger si...
Lemminkainen Suite (1893-1897)• 4-movement symphonic poem based on Kalevala The 3rd movement – The Swan of Tuonela  –   S...
The Swan of Tuonela• Creates the ethereal but dismal background of  underworld• English horn – Swan’s voice  – One of the ...
The Swan of Tuonela, Opening       Section – Jean Sibelius• The Swan of Tuonela is the second part of Op. 22  Lemminkainen...
Texture• Antiphonal texture – To finish an idea and  begin another.• Accompanimental texture – The lead line is  shared.• ...
Harmony• The chords and harmonic progressions used is  richly orchestrated.• Sibelius uses a minor-major seventh chord.• T...
QUESTION TIME 
1. What was the name of the 3rdmovement of Jean Sibelius’sLemminkainen Suite?A.   Four LegendsB.   The Swan of TuonelaC.  ...
1. What was the name of the 3rdmovement of Jean Sibelius’sLemminkainen Suite?A.   Four LegendsB.   The Swan of TuonelaC.  ...
2. What did Lemminkainen’smother do after she discoveredthat he died? A. She was so devastated that she    took her own li...
2. What did Lemminkainen’smother do after she discoveredthat he died? A. She was so devastated that she    took her own li...
3. Many of Felix Mendelssohn’sworks were dedicated to his sister.What was his sister’s real name?  A. Fanny  B. Minerva  C...
3. Many of Felix Mendelssohn’sworks were dedicated to his sister.What was his sister’s real name?  A. Fanny  B. Minerva  C...
True or False?4. Jean Sibelius began composing at a very  young age without any formal musical  instructions.
True or False?4. Jean Sibelius began composing at a very  young age without any formal musical  instructions.
True or False?5. The 3rd movement of Lemminkainen The  Swan of Tuonela is quite joyful.
True or False?5. The 3rd movement of Lemminkainen The  Swan of Tuonela is quite joyful.
True or False?5. The 3rd movement of Lemminkainen The  Swan of Tuonela is quite joyful.
Group 1 - Program Music
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Group 1 - Program Music

  1. 1. Pheng Her, Teresa Le, and Raul Lopez
  2. 2. Felix Mendelssohn and Fingals Cave Overture• Felix Mendelssohn (1809-47) a German pianist, musicologist, organic, conductor, and composer• Mendelssohn works were Classicism and Romanticism – after Beethoven• Considered a musical prodigy• Many works were dedicated to his sister Fanny, who he would call Minerva• Went on a musical "Grand Tour" and saw the Hebrides, a large archipelago off the west coast of Scotland
  3. 3. Felix Mendelssohn (cont.)• On the archipelago – legendary Fingals Cave – Inspired Mendelssohn to compose overture called "Die Hebriden" (The Hebrides)• He later renamed it "The Isles of Fingal," and as known as "Fingals Cave“• "Fingals Cave“ – refuge of Finn McCool – (Fionn mac Cumhail), a mythical Irish warrior-leader• Mendelssohns overture is a musical painting of the cave surrounded by the sea• "Fingals Cave" – scene is set up w/ two contrasting themes• 1st theme – presented by the low strings and the bassoons, representing the cave on a lonely island grand and beautiful• 2nd theme – depicted by the violin as the rolling, crashing waves of the sea• Theme pitch and dynamic rising and falling symbolizes the waters crashing upon the rocks and then settling down
  4. 4. Bedrich Smetana and Die Moldau• Bedrich Smetana (1824-84) was a Czech composer, conductor, critic, and one of the champions of nation music in his country• One of his well known composed music was Ma Vlast ("My Country" or "My Fatherland")• Ma Vlast is a cycle of six symphonic poems each depicting a person or a place of historical significance to Bohemia 1.Vysehrad ("The High Citadel) 2. Vltava ("The River Moldau) 3. Sarka (the name of a female warrior in Czecg legends) 4. Z Ceskych Luhua Haju ( "From Bohemias Meadows and Forests) 5. Tabor (A Hussite stronghold) 6. Blanik (a mountain in southern Bohmenia and the Hussire analogue of Valhalla)
  5. 5. Vltava (Die Moldau)• Vltava (#2 of the Ma Vlast) is also known as Die Moldau in German and depicts the River Moldau in what is not the Czech Republic• One of Smetana’s earliest Ma Vlast tone before he became completely deaf• The Moldau River is fed by two streams, one warm and the other cold• The warm stream is musically represented by the flute, while the cold is represented by the clarinets
  6. 6. Vltava (Die Moldau) – cont.I. Upper strings and oboes enters with the main Vltava theme and forms the MoldauII. The French horn represents the river going through the country passing a hunting partyIII. There is a wedding and the attendees dance to a polka (a Bohemian dance) that is at first light with the strings, clarinets, and bassoonsIV. The continuing river is represented by the full orchestraV. As the river moves on, the polka becomes faint and eventually dies offVI. Night falls depicted by the bassoons and soft strings, the flutes enters as water continues to flow, the dance beings, and the theme is restated againVII. Rivers comes upon St. John rapids; the brass section re-enters, dissonance abound, and the strings play lively scalesVIII. After the rapids, the river flows into Prague and the Vltava theme returnsIX. The orchestra diminishes as the river goes into the distance
  7. 7. Jean Sibelius and The Swan of Tuonela• Jean Sibelius (1865-1957) began composing as a child even before any formal musical instruction – Began music lessons at age 15 – Became an accomplished violinist, played piano, & schooled himself in composition• 1885 – attended Helsinki University to study law – Classes at Helsinki Music Institute
  8. 8. Jean Sibelius – cont.• Swedish vs. Finnish – Interest was deepened by another interest in Aino Jarnefelt, younger sister of 2 artistic friends• Political & social views made a distinct impression – Disappointed by academic classicism of the conservatory• Sought to capture Finnish lang. & scenery• Referred to himself as «a dreamer and poet of Nature»
  9. 9. Lemminkainen Suite (1893-1897)• 4-movement symphonic poem based on Kalevala The 3rd movement – The Swan of Tuonela – Story of Lemminkaine’s adventure to Tuonela – Hero journeys there to kill Swan, which swims in Tuoni River – Ends up dying – Mother attempts to recover him – Swan of Tuonela sings
  10. 10. The Swan of Tuonela• Creates the ethereal but dismal background of underworld• English horn – Swan’s voice – One of the most famous Eng. Horn solos in orchest. repertoire.• Movement is quite melancholy – Not too depressive
  11. 11. The Swan of Tuonela, Opening Section – Jean Sibelius• The Swan of Tuonela is the second part of Op. 22 Lemminkainen (Four Legends)• Originally written as a prelude to an opera but the second was abandoned.• It features one of the most famous coranglais. (English horn) solos in all music literature.• English horn is a member of the obe family.• The english horn is a swan in the piece of work.• The string create a backdrop of the Tuonela itself.
  12. 12. Texture• Antiphonal texture – To finish an idea and begin another.• Accompanimental texture – The lead line is shared.• Homophonic texture – Melody and harmony mover together.
  13. 13. Harmony• The chords and harmonic progressions used is richly orchestrated.• Sibelius uses a minor-major seventh chord.• This is not one of the five most commonly used• An “A” minor-major seventh chord would consist of A – C – E – G sharp.
  14. 14. QUESTION TIME 
  15. 15. 1. What was the name of the 3rdmovement of Jean Sibelius’sLemminkainen Suite?A. Four LegendsB. The Swan of TuonelaC. LemminkainenD. Vltava
  16. 16. 1. What was the name of the 3rdmovement of Jean Sibelius’sLemminkainen Suite?A. Four LegendsB. The Swan of TuonelaC. LemminkainenD. Vltava
  17. 17. 2. What did Lemminkainen’smother do after she discoveredthat he died? A. She was so devastated that she took her own life. B. She acted as if nothing happened, since she did not care much about her son. C. She recovers his body parts and sews them back together. D. She frantically called for help.
  18. 18. 2. What did Lemminkainen’smother do after she discoveredthat he died? A. She was so devastated that she took her own life. B. She acted as if nothing happened, since she did not care much about her son. C. She recovers his body parts and sews them back together. D. She frantically called for help.
  19. 19. 3. Many of Felix Mendelssohn’sworks were dedicated to his sister.What was his sister’s real name? A. Fanny B. Minerva C. Emily D. Sheryl
  20. 20. 3. Many of Felix Mendelssohn’sworks were dedicated to his sister.What was his sister’s real name? A. Fanny B. Minerva C. Emily D. Sheryl
  21. 21. True or False?4. Jean Sibelius began composing at a very young age without any formal musical instructions.
  22. 22. True or False?4. Jean Sibelius began composing at a very young age without any formal musical instructions.
  23. 23. True or False?5. The 3rd movement of Lemminkainen The Swan of Tuonela is quite joyful.
  24. 24. True or False?5. The 3rd movement of Lemminkainen The Swan of Tuonela is quite joyful.
  25. 25. True or False?5. The 3rd movement of Lemminkainen The Swan of Tuonela is quite joyful.

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