Rel 101 rc in context of christian church


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  • Current patriarch is Bartholemew I
  • he First Seven Ecumenical Councils, as commonly understood, are:
    First Council of Nicaea (325) – Approved original Nicene Creed, deal with person of Christ
    First Council of Constantinople (381) - The council approved the current form of the Nicene Creed as used in the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodox churches, but, except when Greek is used, with two additional Latin phrases ("Deum de Deo" and "Filioque") in the West
    Council of Ephesus (431) -- Theodosius II called the council to settle the Nestorian controversy. Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, opposed use of the term Theotokos (Greek Η Θεοτόκος, "God-Bearer").[16] This term had long been used by orthodox writers, and it was gaining popularity along with devotion to Mary as Mother of God.[17] He reportedly taught that there were two separate persons in the incarnate Christ, though whether he actually taught this is disputed
    Council of Chalcedon (451) The council repudiated the Eutychian doctrine of monophysitism, described and delineated the "Hypostatic Union" and two natures of Christ, human and divine; adopted the Chalcedonian Creed.
    Second Council of Constantinople (553)
    Third Council of Constantinople (680)
    Second Council of Nicaea (787)
  • Prevenient grace is divine grace which precedes human decision. It exists prior to and without reference to anything humans may have done. As humans are corrupted by the effects of sin, prevenient grace allows persons to engage their God-given free will to choose the salvation offered by God in Jesus Christ or to reject that salvific offer. Whereas Augustine held that prevenient grace cannot be resisted, Wesleyan Arminians believe that it enables, but does not ensure, personal acceptance of the gift of salvation.
  • Religions usually fall somewhere in in between these three categories and contains elements of two or more patterns.
  • In 1880 there were approx. 500 Christian denominations in the world. Today there are over 40,000.
  • What is noticeable about the list? 4/10 “3rd world” countries. 3/10 from continent of Africa.
    In 1900 – approx. 9 million Christians in Africa
    By 2000 – 380 Million Christians
    Currently there are 470 million Christians
    2025 est. that there will be 600 million Christians.
    57% of the pop. Is Christian, 29% Muslim and 13% practice indigenous religion.
    In 1900 76% practised indigenous religion, 14% were Muslim and 9% were Christian.
  • What type of salvation is this?
  • Current archbishop of Rowan Williams
  • Wesley sought a spiritual reformation of the English church.
  • There may be as many as 120 million.
    1 in 5 Americans claim to be a Baptist.
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  • Rel 101 rc in context of christian church

    1. 1. REL 101REL 101 Roman Catholicism in theRoman Catholicism in the Context of ChristianityContext of Christianity
    2. 2. Christianity Eastern Church Western Church Great Schism 1054 a.d.
    3. 3. The Eastern Orthodox ChurchThe Eastern Orthodox Church  22ndnd largest Christianlargest Christian communion –approx. 300communion –approx. 300 million Orthodox Christian.million Orthodox Christian.  Orthodoxy is the largestOrthodoxy is the largest single religious faith insingle religious faith in Belarus (85%), BulgariaBelarus (85%), Bulgaria (83%), Cyprus (80%),(83%), Cyprus (80%), Georgia (89%), GreeceGeorgia (89%), Greece (95%), Romania (87%),(95%), Romania (87%), Serbia (84%), Russia (80%),Serbia (84%), Russia (80%), and Ukraine (80%)and Ukraine (80%)
    4. 4. The Eastern Orthodox ChurchThe Eastern Orthodox Church  Patriarch of Constantinople “firstPatriarch of Constantinople “first among equals.”among equals.”
    5. 5. Sources of DoctrineSources of Doctrine  The Scriptures, both the Old andThe Scriptures, both the Old and New TestamentsNew Testaments  Sacred Apostolic TraditionSacred Apostolic Tradition  The Seven Ecumenical CouncilsThe Seven Ecumenical Councils
    6. 6. Means of SalvationMeans of Salvation  The acceptance of Christ as theThe acceptance of Christ as the Savior through confession in ChristSavior through confession in Christ as the True God is the highest giftas the True God is the highest gift given to the believer by the Holygiven to the believer by the Holy Spirit. ...acceptance is his own choiceSpirit. ...acceptance is his own choice through his own free will. This is whythrough his own free will. This is why one is responsible for his own is responsible for his own fate.
    7. 7. View of Other DenominationsView of Other Denominations  The Orthodox Church continuouslyThe Orthodox Church continuously and without interruption is the trueand without interruption is the true keeper of the truths of the Undividedkeeper of the truths of the Undivided Church, without omissions orChurch, without omissions or additions.additions.  Orthodox do not seek to proselytizeOrthodox do not seek to proselytize non-Orthodox Christians, butnon-Orthodox Christians, but Orthodox who join a differentOrthodox who join a different Christian church are apostates.Christian church are apostates.
    8. 8. The Western ChurchThe Western Church The Western Church Roman Catholicism Lutheran Reformed Evangelical Reformed/Presbyterian Anglican/Episcopalian Methodist/Wesleyan Baptist Pentecostal
    9. 9. Roman CatholicismRoman Catholicism  Largest ChristianLargest Christian communion—1.2 billioncommunion—1.2 billion members.members.  17.77% of the total17.77% of the total population in Africa,population in Africa, 63.10% in the Americas,63.10% in the Americas, 3.05% in Asia, 39.97%3.05% in Asia, 39.97% in Europe, 26.21% inin Europe, 26.21% in Oceania, and 17.40% ofOceania, and 17.40% of the world population.the world population.
    10. 10. Roman CatholicismRoman Catholicism  The head of theThe head of the church is thechurch is the Bishop of Rome.Bishop of Rome. He is consideredHe is considered to be Christ’sto be Christ’s vicar on earthvicar on earth  The current popeThe current pope is Benedict Benedict XVI.
    11. 11. Sources of DoctrineSources of Doctrine  There are four sources of doctrine.There are four sources of doctrine. • The BibleThe Bible • The church fathersThe church fathers • The pope (ex cathedra declarations)The pope (ex cathedra declarations) • The Seven Ecumenical Councils andThe Seven Ecumenical Councils and other Catholic councilsother Catholic councils
    12. 12. Means of SalvationMeans of Salvation  Received at baptism; may be lost byReceived at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; regained by penancemortal sin; regained by penance  Prevenient grace helps one believe;Prevenient grace helps one believe; efficacious grace cooperates with theefficacious grace cooperates with the human will to do goodhuman will to do good
    13. 13. View of Other DenominationsView of Other Denominations  The sole Church of Christ which in theThe sole Church of Christ which in the Creed we profess to be one, holy, catholic,Creed we profess to be one, holy, catholic, and apostolic, subsists in the Catholicand apostolic, subsists in the Catholic Church... Nevertheless, many elements ofChurch... Nevertheless, many elements of sanctification and of truth are foundsanctification and of truth are found outside its visible confines. (Catech. 870)outside its visible confines. (Catech. 870)  Those "who believe in Christ and haveThose "who believe in Christ and have been properly baptized are put in abeen properly baptized are put in a certain, although imperfect, communioncertain, although imperfect, communion with the Catholic Church.” (Catech. 838)with the Catholic Church.” (Catech. 838)
    14. 14. REL 101REL 101 Roman Catholicism in theRoman Catholicism in the Context of ChristianityContext of Christianity Part IIPart II
    15. 15. Review: Three Patterns of ReligionReview: Three Patterns of Religion  The Prophetic: Focuses on the appearanceThe Prophetic: Focuses on the appearance of the sacred through a message.of the sacred through a message.  The Sacramental: Emphasizes theThe Sacramental: Emphasizes the appearance of the sacred through physicalappearance of the sacred through physical means.means.  The Mystical: Stresses the appearance ofThe Mystical: Stresses the appearance of the sacred to individuals who havethe sacred to individuals who have achieved an “enlightened” state.achieved an “enlightened” state.
    16. 16. The Western ChurchThe Western Church The Western Church Roman Catholic Lutheran Reformed Evangelical Anglican/Episcopalian Presbyterian/Reformed Methodist/Wesleyan Baptist Pentecostal
    17. 17. LutheranLutheran  87 million Lutherans world wide.  Countries with the most number of Lutherans: Germany 12,937,410 USA 7,504,244 Sweden 6,751,952 Indonesia 5,630,968 Tanzania 5,302,727 Ethiopia 5,299,822 Finland 4,493,994 Denmark 4,492,216 Norway 4,013,362 Madagascar 3,000,000
    18. 18. Lutheran ChurchLutheran Church  Indentifies withIndentifies with the theology ofthe theology of Martin LutherMartin Luther (1483-1546)(1483-1546)  SometimesSometimes considered theconsidered the father offather of ProtestantismProtestantism
    19. 19.  Sacred Text: Holy Bible (Sacred Text: Holy Bible (Old TestamentOld Testament andand New TestamentNew Testament only).only). ApocryphaApocrypha cancan be "useful" reading and can help tobe "useful" reading and can help to increase one's faith.increase one's faith.  Creeds and Confessions: Apostles' Creed,Creeds and Confessions: Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed, Athanasian Creed, Book ofNicene Creed, Athanasian Creed, Book of Concord (includes Augsburg Confession,Concord (includes Augsburg Confession, Small Catechism, Large Catechsim)Small Catechism, Large Catechsim)
    20. 20. Means of SalvationMeans of Salvation  Faith in Christ is the only way toFaith in Christ is the only way to obtain personal reconciliation withobtain personal reconciliation with God: that is, forgiveness of sins.God: that is, forgiveness of sins.
    21. 21. ReformedReformed  Reformed Tradition can be dividedReformed Tradition can be divided into three groups:into three groups: • Anglican/EpiscopalAnglican/Episcopal • Presbyterian/ReformedPresbyterian/Reformed • Methodist/WesleyanMethodist/Wesleyan
    22. 22. ReformedReformed  Indentifies with theIndentifies with the theology of Johntheology of John Calvin (1509-1564).Calvin (1509-1564).
    23. 23. Anglican/EpiscopalAnglican/Episcopal  Approx. 80 millionApprox. 80 million members of themembers of the worldwide Anglicanworldwide Anglican communion.communion.  Head is theHead is the Archbishop ofArchbishop of Canterbury*Canterbury* (The formal(The formal head is Queen Elizabeth.)head is Queen Elizabeth.)
    24. 24. Anglican/EpiscopalAnglican/Episcopal  Tends toward aTends toward a liberal interpretationliberal interpretation of Scripture.of Scripture.  Tends towardTends toward liturgical formalityliturgical formality andand sacramentalism.sacramentalism.
    25. 25. Presbyterian/ReformedPresbyterian/Reformed  Originated inOriginated in Switzerland andSwitzerland and Scotland.Scotland.  Approx. 75 millionApprox. 75 million membersmembers worldwideworldwide (40 million(40 million Presbyterian & 35Presbyterian & 35 million Reformed)million Reformed)
    26. 26. Presbyterian/ReformedPresbyterian/Reformed  Tends toward a conservativeTends toward a conservative interpretation of Scripture.interpretation of Scripture.  Emphasizes a congregationalEmphasizes a congregational structure.structure.  Retains traditional ChristianRetains traditional Christian sacraments and liturgical settings butsacraments and liturgical settings but emphasizes proclamation.emphasizes proclamation.
    27. 27. Methodist/ WesleyanMethodist/ Wesleyan  Founded by JohnFounded by John Wesley (1703-Wesley (1703- 1791).1791).  Approx. 75 millionApprox. 75 million membersmembers worldwide each.worldwide each.
    28. 28.  Sacred Texts: Holy Bible (Sacred Texts: Holy Bible ( Old TestamentOld Testament andand New TestamentNew Testament only)only)  Creeds and Confessions: Apostles'Creeds and Confessions: Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed, WestminsterCreed, Nicene Creed, Westminster ConfessionConfession  Tends to retain some of theTends to retain some of the sacramental/liturgical heritage ofsacramental/liturgical heritage of Anglicanism.Anglicanism.
    29. 29. Means of SalvationMeans of Salvation  "We are able to choose God because"We are able to choose God because God first chose us."God first chose us."  ““The final destiny of each person isThe final destiny of each person is determined by God's grace and thatdetermined by God's grace and that person's response, evidencedperson's response, evidenced inevitably by a moral character whichinevitably by a moral character which results from that individual'sresults from that individual's personal and volitional choices.”personal and volitional choices.” (
    30. 30. EvangelicalEvangelical
    31. 31. BaptistBaptist  Traces beginningsTraces beginnings back to early 17back to early 17thth century.century.  Approx. 90 millionApprox. 90 million worldwide (47worldwide (47 million in U.S.)million in U.S.)
    32. 32. BaptistBaptist  Theology of believer'sTheology of believer's baptism (as opposedbaptism (as opposed to infant baptism).to infant baptism).  Salvation through faithSalvation through faith alone.alone.  Scripture alone as theScripture alone as the rule of faith andrule of faith and practice.practice.  Stresses the autonomyStresses the autonomy of the local church.of the local church.  Rejects use ofRejects use of authoritative creeds.authoritative creeds.
    33. 33. PentecostalismPentecostalism  There are anThere are an estimated 250estimated 250 million Pentecostalsmillion Pentecostals world wide.  There is no oneThere is no one founder offounder of Pentecostalism. ItPentecostalism. It grew out of thegrew out of the WesleyanWesleyan movement in themovement in the late 19late 19thth and earlyand early 2020thth century.century.
    34. 34. PentecostalPentecostal  Places a specialPlaces a special emphasis on immediateemphasis on immediate or direct personalor direct personal experience of God.experience of God.  Stresses a baptism inStresses a baptism in the Holy Spirit andthe Holy Spirit and extraordinary spiritualextraordinary spiritual  Pentecostalism covers aPentecostalism covers a wide range of groupswide range of groups and theologies. Someand theologies. Some are Trinitarian; othersare Trinitarian; others are non-Trinitarian.are non-Trinitarian.