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Rel 101 new religious movements part ii

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  • Question: What is a Cult? What is a Sect? How does one determine when a group stops being a cult or a sect and becomes a legitimate religion?
  • Follows the principle of Indemnity. Indemnity, as explained in the Divine Principle, is a part of the process by which human beings and the world are restored back to God's ideal.
    The ancestor liberation ceremony is a ceremony of the Unification Church intended to allow the spirits of deceased ancestors of participants to improve their situations in the spirit world through liberation, education, and blessing. The ceremonies are conducted by Hyo Nam Kim, a woman who church members believe is channeling the spirit of Soon Ae Hong, the mother of Hak Ja Han (church founder Sun Myung Moon's wife). They have taken place mainly in Cheongpyeong, South Korea, but also in various places around the world.[56][57][58]
    In the 1990s and 2000s the Unification Church has made public statements claiming communications with the spirits of religious leaders such as Confucius, the Buddha, Jesus, Muhammad and Augustine, as well as political leaders such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, Mao Zedong, and many more. This has distanced the church further from mainstream Christianity as well as from Islam.[53]
  • Hubbard has no religious training. He was formely a science fiction writer
    Members are taught that their bodies are merely vehicles for inter-galactic entities known as Thetans
    Tom Cruise is one of the most famous adherants
  • Define Apocalypse
    While the SDAs, the Davidians, and The Branch hold many fundamental beliefs in common with most Christian denominations, there are a few additional doctrines which give each of them their distinct identities and names. The ones which the three groups hold in common are:
    Saturday is the 7th day of the week, and, thus, the Sabbath of the Bible. That it is both a memorial of creation and a sign of sanctification, a sign of the believer's rest from his own works of sin, and his entrance into the rest of the soul which Jesus promises to those who come to Him.[14]
    Jesus Christ is to soon personally return to earth to gather together his elect and take them to heaven for 1000 years, after which he will return with them to this earth to dwell with them for eternity in his kingdom.[15]
    The non-immortality of the soul. That is, the dead have no consciousness, nor being.[16]
    There shall be a resurrection of both the just and of the unjust. The resurrection of the just will take place at the second coming of Christ; the resurrection of the unjust will take place 1000 years later, at the close of the millennium.[17]
    There is a sanctuary in heaven in which Christ is ministering on behalf of mankind.[18]
    There is an investigative judgment going on in the heavenly sanctuary that began on October 22, 1844[19] to determine who will come forth in each of the resurrections, and who will be translated without seeing death at the second coming of Christ.[20] That said judgment began with the records of those who had died, and would eventually pass to the living.
    The doctrines that distinguish the Branch from the mainline SDAs and Davidians are:
    The judgment of the living began in the heavenly sanctuary in 1955.
    Daily worship should be kept at the 3rd and 9th hours of the natural day, in harmony with Christ's intercession in the heavenly sanctuary. This includes partaking in the Lord's Supper.
    The family is the literal image and likeness of the Godhead. The feminine aspects thereof being understood to be the Holy Spirit and Holy Ghost.[35]
  • Note that apocalyptic cults thrive at times when its seems like the end of the world is near – etc the A bomb scare
    Suicide came by everyone drinking Kool Aid mixed with a lethal cocktail of potassium cyanide and tranquiller drugs.

Transcript

  • 1. REL 101REL 101 Introduction to ReligionIntroduction to Religion New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements OrOr Cults and SectsCults and Sects Part IIPart II
  • 2. The Unification Church (Moonies)The Unification Church (Moonies)  Founded by Sung MyungFounded by Sung Myung Moon in 1954 in Seoul, KoreaMoon in 1954 in Seoul, Korea  Claimed a direct revelationClaimed a direct revelation from God directing him tofrom God directing him to continue the work that Jesuscontinue the work that Jesus failed to completefailed to complete  Believes communication withBelieves communication with the spirits of deadthe spirits of dead  Well known for its massWell known for its mass marriage ceremoniesmarriage ceremonies  Openly uses its operations forOpenly uses its operations for the acquisition of wealththe acquisition of wealth
  • 3. Church of ScientologyChurch of Scientology  Founded by L. Ron Hubbard inFounded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1953.1953.  The individual is not a body butThe individual is not a body but a spirit (thetan)a spirit (thetan)  Hubbard teachesHubbard teaches “Exteriorization” which is the“Exteriorization” which is the ability of the thetan to leaveability of the thetan to leave the body and existthe body and exist independent of the flesh.independent of the flesh.  With the act of exteriorization,With the act of exteriorization, the individual gains thethe individual gains the certainty that he is himself, ancertainty that he is himself, an immortal spiritual being, andimmortal spiritual being, and not a body.not a body.
  • 4. Church of ScientologyChurch of Scientology
  • 5. Branch DavidianBranch Davidian  An offshoot of theAn offshoot of the Seventh DaySeventh Day Adventist church.Adventist church.  Apocalyptic in nature.Apocalyptic in nature.  Made famous byMade famous by David Koresh and theDavid Koresh and the commune at Wacocommune at Waco Texas (1993).Texas (1993).  Resulted in the deathResulted in the death of 76 people.of 76 people.
  • 6. The People’s TempleThe People’s Temple  Founded by Jim Jones inFounded by Jim Jones in 1955.1955.  Espoused communismEspoused communism and communal living.and communal living.  Apocalyptic in nature.Apocalyptic in nature.  In response to resistanceIn response to resistance in the U.S. Jones foundedin the U.S. Jones founded the Jonestown Communethe Jonestown Commune in Guyana.in Guyana.  Ended in the massEnded in the mass suicide of 917 members.suicide of 917 members.
  • 7. SummarySummary  New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements  Covers a wide range of religious movements.Covers a wide range of religious movements.  Usually rely on a unique revelation given to anUsually rely on a unique revelation given to an individual.individual.  Often develops in reaction to perceivedOften develops in reaction to perceived inadequacies of established religions.inadequacies of established religions.  Generally incorporates terms, rituals, andGenerally incorporates terms, rituals, and themes from established religions in order tothemes from established religions in order to establish legitimacy.establish legitimacy.
  • 8. ActivityActivity  With your group develop your own “NewWith your group develop your own “New Religious Movement”.Religious Movement”.  Incorporate the object you have received.Incorporate the object you have received.  Explain:Explain:  Something about the unique revelation and/or theSomething about the unique revelation and/or the founder of the movement.founder of the movement.  What aspects of established religion it hasWhat aspects of established religion it has appropriated (The established religion can beappropriated (The established religion can be something other than Christianity).something other than Christianity).  The societal or religious conditions that contributed toThe societal or religious conditions that contributed to its growth.its growth.