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# Probability 7 October

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### Probability 7 October

1. 1. Business Aptitude AFTERSCHO☺OL – DEVELOPING CHANGE MAKERS CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP PGPSE PROGRAMME – World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL
2. 2. Business Aptitude Dr. T.K. Jain. AFTERSCHO☺OL Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 [email_address] www.afterschool.tk , www.afterschoool.tk
3. 3. Who prepared first estimate of National Income of India? <ul><li>Dadabhai Daoroji </li></ul>
4. 4. Winner of Wimbledon 2008 Women Singles? <ul><li>Venus Williams </li></ul>
5. 5. The new Director of AIIMS? <ul><li>Dr. T. D. Dogra </li></ul>
6. 6. Chairman of Cricket committee of ICC ? <ul><li>Clive Lloyd </li></ul>
7. 7. Gresham’s Law is related to which subject? <ul><li>Economics : circulation of Money </li></ul><ul><li>Gresham says that bad currency will throw out good currency from circulation. </li></ul>
8. 8. Fiscal Policy is related to ? <ul><li>Public expenditure and public revenue </li></ul>
9. 9. If 3 balls are picked at random, what is the probability that 2 are red and one is blue? (total number of balls is 14. there are 2 blue, 4 red, 3 green, and 5 black balls) <ul><li>Probability of getting 3 balls: 14c3 = 364 </li></ul><ul><li>Probability that we get 2 red = 4c2 (6)and the probability that we get 1 blue ball is : 2c1 (2) </li></ul><ul><li>= (2*6)/ (364) =3 / 91 answer. </li></ul>
10. 10. Question on assumptions <ul><li>Statement: “You are requested to appear for the entrance test at centre A.” a call letter had this printed on it. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions: </li></ul><ul><li>The candidate is eligible for selection </li></ul><ul><li>2. The candidate has opted for centre A. </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Neither assumption is valid assumption. It is not necessary that only eligible candidate can appear in written test. It is also not necessary that only opted centre is alloted. </li></ul>
11. 11. Assumptions. . . <ul><li>I told Tilok : “Go to the station 2 hours late, because your train is late by 2 hours.” </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions: </li></ul><ul><li>Tilok is unaware of the delay in train </li></ul><ul><li>I have checked from reliable sources about timings of the train. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution; </li></ul><ul><li>Both the assumptions are valid assumptions. </li></ul>
12. 12. I told Jyoti: “always keep a telephone directory of all afterschooolians.” <ul><li>Assumptions: </li></ul><ul><li>People may seek help from Jyoti in contacting afterschoolians </li></ul><ul><li>2. The need to contact classmates may arise at any point of time. </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Only 2 nd assumption is valid assumption. </li></ul>
13. 13. I told Vivek: “CAT is becoming tougher day by day.” <ul><li>Assumptions: </li></ul><ul><li>1 the number of candidates is increasing every year </li></ul><ul><li>2. The paper setters have undergone a training in paper setting </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Neither assumption is valid assumption. It is not necessary that paper becomes tougher only when no. of candidates increase. </li></ul>
14. 14. CONCLUSION. . . <ul><li>Some Outstanding students are Genius. </li></ul><ul><li>Shruti is outstanding student. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>Shruti is Genius </li></ul><ul><li>Shruti is not a genius </li></ul><ul><li>3. Shruti is ordinary student </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: </li></ul><ul><li>None of the conclusion is valid </li></ul>
15. 15. CONCLUSION. . . <ul><li>Statements : </li></ul><ul><li>All afterschoolians are gregarious. No gregarious studies alone </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>No. Afterschoolian studies alone </li></ul><ul><li>No afterschoolian is gregarious. </li></ul><ul><li>Some persons who study alone are afterschoolians </li></ul><ul><li>Some persons, who study in group are afterschoolians </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: 1 AND 4 </li></ul>
16. 16. CONCLUSION. . . <ul><li>Some Afterschoolians are TT players. Some TT players also play Cricket. Devendra and Vishaka are afterschoolians. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Devendra plays cricket </li></ul><ul><li>2. Vishakha plays TT </li></ul><ul><li>3. Some Cricket players are afterschoolians. </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: None of these is valid. </li></ul>
17. 17. COURSE OF ACTION. . . . <ul><li>Millions of people are unemployed: </li></ul><ul><li>More labour intensive jobs should be created </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. should give unemployment allowance </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: . </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1 st is a valid course of action. </li></ul>
18. 18. Course of action. . <ul><li>There is lot of delay in obtaining loan from Bank, because the bank undertakes credit verification. . . </li></ul><ul><li>The work of checking credit worthiness should be done away with. </li></ul><ul><li>The work of checking credit worthiness should be simplified </li></ul><ul><li>Some amount should be released immediately, and remaining after procedure. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution:Only 2 nd is valid course of action. </li></ul>
19. 19. ABOUT AFTERSCHO☺OL <ul><li>Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after class 12 th along with IAS / CA / CS ) and 18 month PGPSE (Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship) along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM . This course is also available online also. It also conducts workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help us in developing society. </li></ul>
20. 20. Why such a programme? <ul><li>To promote people to take up entrepreneurship and help develop the society </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up franchising and other such options to start a business / social development project </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up social development as their mission </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to promote spirituality and positive thinking in the world </li></ul>
21. 21. Who are our supporters? <ul><li>Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs are supporting us. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also support us – not necessarily by money – but by being promotor of our concept and our ideas. </li></ul>
22. 22. About AFTERSCHO☺OL PGPSE – the best programme for developing great entrepreneurs <ul><li>Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme </li></ul><ul><li>Available in distance learning mode </li></ul><ul><li>Case study focused- latest cases </li></ul><ul><li>Industry oriented practical curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just an employee </li></ul><ul><li>Option to take up part time job – so earn while you learn </li></ul><ul><li>The only absolutely free course on internet </li></ul>
23. 23. Workshops from AFTERSCHO☺OL <ul><li>IIF, Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>CIPS, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>ICSI Hyderabad Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Gyan Vihar, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur </li></ul><ul><li>Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneshwar </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Institute, Udaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering College, Hyderabad </li></ul>
24. 24. Flexible Specialisations: <ul><li>Spiritualising business and society </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development and transformation </li></ul><ul><li>HRD and Education, Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>NGO and voluntary work </li></ul><ul><li>Investment analysis,microfinance and inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Retail sector, BPO, KPO </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital management and Health care </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitality sector and culture and heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Other sectors of high growth, high technology and social relevance </li></ul>
25. 25. Salient features: <ul><li>The only programme of its kind (in the whole world) </li></ul><ul><li>No publicity and low profile course </li></ul><ul><li>For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a degree </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of the education by distance mode. / you may attend weekend classes </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships for those from poor economic background </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace with the time </li></ul><ul><li>Placement for those who are interested </li></ul><ul><li>Admissions open throughout the year </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and most advanced technologies, books and study material </li></ul>
26. 26. Components <ul><li>Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad) </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation, spiritualisation, and self development </li></ul><ul><li>Essential softwares for business </li></ul><ul><li>Business plan, Research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences / seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops on leadership, team building etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers </li></ul><ul><li>Interview of entrepreneurs, writing biographies of entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Editing of journals / newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy / research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments, communication skill workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences and seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions, mock interviews, self development diaryng </li></ul><ul><li>Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr. T.K.Jain) </li></ul>
27. 27. Pedagogy <ul><li>Case analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>Articles from Harvard Business Review </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz, seminars, workshops, games, </li></ul><ul><li>Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations, Latest audio-visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions and group projects </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic self assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring and counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development / Social welfare projects </li></ul>
28. 28. Branches <ul><li>AFTERSCHO☺OL will shortly open its branches in important cities in India including Delhi, Kota, Mumbai, Gurgaon and other important cities. Afterschooolians will be responsible for managing and developing these branches – and for promoting social entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
29. 29. Case Studies <ul><li>We want to write case studies on social entrepreneurs, first generation entrepreneurs, ethical entrepreneurs. Please help us in this process. Help us to be in touch with entrepreneurs, so that we may develop entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
30. 30. Basic values at AFTERSCHO☺OL <ul><li>Share to learn more </li></ul><ul><li>Interact to develop yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Fear is your worst enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Make mistakes to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Study & discuss in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support and help </li></ul><ul><li>Ask fundamental questions : why, when, how & where? </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace change – and compete with yourself only </li></ul>
31. 31. www.afterschoool.tk social entrepreneurship for better society