25 August Financial Analysis


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25 August Financial Analysis

  1. 1. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS AFTERSCHO☺OL – DEVELOPING CHANGE MAKERS CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP PGPSE PROGRAMME – World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL
  2. 2. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS Dr. T.K. Jain. AFTERSCHO☺OL Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 [email_address] www.afterschool.tk www.afterschoool.tk
  3. 3. WHAT IS CASH MANAGEMENT? <ul><li>Managing cash requirements of an enterprise, predicting cash inflows and cash outflows and preparing cash budget is part of cash management. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is currency management? <ul><li>Management of currency, particularly foreign exchange risks, exchange rate fluctuations. There may be exchange rate fluctuations due to many reasons like country risk, interest rate fluctuations, political instability etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is treasury management? <ul><li>It has following things combined in it: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cash management, 2, currency management, 3. funding management, 4, banking, 5, finance </li></ul><ul><li>Treasury means the total funds of the company and how to use them properly. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is aging schedule? <ul><li>Classification of debtors on the pattern of their aging is called aging schedule. For example, some debtor may be making payment after 1 month, another may be making payment after 3 months, classifying them and studying them is called aging schedule. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is credit rating? <ul><li>There are rating agencies like ICRA,CARE, etc. which rate a company on the basis of its financial competence. These companies try to assess the financial position of the company and try to give it an appropriate rating for example A+++ will denote a very solid company. </li></ul>
  8. 8. My credit sales is 3.2 crore, what is my average debtors, if collection period is on the average90 days? <ul><li>Sales * Average collection period / total number of days in a year. </li></ul><ul><li>= 3.2 * 90/360 = .8 </li></ul><ul><li>or 8000000 Rs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. My interest rate is 15%. The factor charges 2% commission, but gives advance payment, should I go for factoring? <ul><li>Factor is a person who takes responsibility for debt collection. Factor collects money from debtors and makes us payment. Here the factor is taking only 2% commission. </li></ul><ul><li>The commission paid is only 1.6 Lakh. We we take annualised cost, it will be 1.6*360/90, it will be 6.4 lakhs . But the interst on this money is very high. It will be 80*.15/100 = 12 lakhs, thus we should go for factoring. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The factor has following conditions: he will charge inerest of 20%, take 10% reserve and will take responsibility of bad debt also. We have 1% bad debt. Should we go for it? <ul><li>Annual cost of factoring: </li></ul><ul><li>3.2 *.02 = 6.4 laksh </li></ul><ul><li>Interest = 3.2 *.2*3/12 = 16 lakhs </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve 8*.15 = 1.2 lakh </li></ul><ul><li>Total cost = 23.6 lakh. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit: 3.2*.01 = 3.2 lakhs. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest benefit: 12 lakhs. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus we have 8 lakhs additional cost. So we have to reexamine it. </li></ul>
  11. 11. In the previous question, if I have 10 employees and total cost is 10 lakhs in the credit recovery department, should I go for it? <ul><li>Yes, because I shall have benefit of (10-8) = 2 lakhs. Ans. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What is working capital <ul><li>Current assets current liabilities. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What is COGS? <ul><li>Cost of goods sold (prime cost, factory cost, admn. Cost). </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is Capital employed? <ul><li>Total of Equity + Debt. Or total of assets. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is average collecion period? <ul><li>Average debtors / Average sales per day </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is DPS? <ul><li>Dividend Per share </li></ul>
  17. 17. What is NPV? <ul><li>Total present value of all Cash Inflows – Total present values of all Cash outflows. </li></ul><ul><li>Present value = Amt / (1+R)^n </li></ul>
  18. 18. What is payback period? <ul><li>The period in which an investment will give us money back. For example, if we invest Rs. 1 lakh and get 10000 each year, paybck period is 10 years. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What is PLC? <ul><li>Product life cycle (a product passes through 4 stages : birth, growth, maturity and death). </li></ul>
  20. 20. What is IRR? <ul><li>Inernal Rate of Return, it is calculated by taking cash inflows and cash outflows and based on their comparison, we try to find out at what rate the cash inlfows and cash outflows are equal (present values). </li></ul>
  21. 21. What is financial leverage? <ul><li>EBIT / EBT </li></ul>
  22. 22. What is operating leverage? <ul><li>= contribution / EBIT </li></ul>
  23. 23. What is cost of Debt? <ul><li>Interest (1-Tax) / amount. </li></ul>
  24. 24. ABOUT AFTERSCHOOOL <ul><li>Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after class 12 th along with IAS / CA / CS ) and 18 month PGPSE (Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship) along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM . This course is also available online also. It also conducts workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help us in developing society. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Why such a programme? <ul><li>To promote people to take up entrepreneurship and help develop the society </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up franchising and other such options to start a business / social development project </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up social development as their mission </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to promote spirituality and positive thinking in the world </li></ul>
  26. 26. Who are our supporters? <ul><li>Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs are supporting us. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also support us – not necessarily by money – but by being promotor of our concept and our ideas. </li></ul>
  27. 27. About AFTERSCHOOOL PGPSE – the best programme for developing great entrepreneurs <ul><li>Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme </li></ul><ul><li>Available in distance learning mode </li></ul><ul><li>Case study focused- latest cases </li></ul><ul><li>Industry oriented practical curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just an employee </li></ul><ul><li>Option to take up part time job – so earn while you learn </li></ul><ul><li>The only absolutely free course on internet </li></ul>
  28. 28. Workshops from AFTERSCHOOOL <ul><li>IIF, Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>CIPS, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>ICSI Hyderabad Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Gyan Vihar, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur </li></ul><ul><li>Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneshwar </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Institute, Udaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering College, Hyderabad </li></ul>
  29. 29. Flexible Specialisations: <ul><li>Spiritualising business and society </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development and transformation </li></ul><ul><li>HRD and Education, Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>NGO and voluntary work </li></ul><ul><li>Investment analysis,microfinance and inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Retail sector, BPO, KPO </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital management and Health care </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitality sector and culture and heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Other sectors of high growth, high technology and social relevance </li></ul>
  30. 30. Salient features: <ul><li>The only programme of its kind (in the whole world) </li></ul><ul><li>No publicity and low profile course </li></ul><ul><li>For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a degree </li></ul><ul><li>Indepth knowledge and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Professional approac: World class approach </li></ul><ul><li>Strong intellectual and business capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of the education by distance mode. / you may attend weekend classes </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships for those from poor economic background </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace with the time </li></ul><ul><li>Placement for those who are interested </li></ul><ul><li>Admissions open throughout the year </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and most advanced technologies, books and study material </li></ul>
  31. 31. Components <ul><li>Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad) </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation, spiritualisation, and self development </li></ul><ul><li>Essential softwares for business </li></ul><ul><li>Business plan, Research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences / seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops on leadership, team building etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers </li></ul><ul><li>Interview of entrepreneurs, writing biographies of entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Editing of journals / newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy / research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments, communication skill workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences and seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions, mock interviews, self development diaryng </li></ul><ul><li>Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr. T.K.Jain) </li></ul>
  32. 32. Pedagogy <ul><li>Case analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>Articles from Harvard Business Review </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz, seminars, workshops, games, </li></ul><ul><li>Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations, Latest audio-visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions and group projects </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic self assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring and counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development / Social welfare projects </li></ul>
  33. 33. Branches <ul><li>AFTERSCHOOOL will shortly open its branches in important cities in India including Delhi, Kota, Mumbai, Gurgaon and other important cities. Afterschooolians will be responsible for managing and developing these branches – and for promoting social entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Case Studies <ul><li>We want to write case studies on social entrepreneurs, first generation entrepreneurs, ethical entrepreneurs. Please help us in this process. Help us to be in touch with entrepreneurs, so that we may develop entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Basic values at afterschoool <ul><li>Share to learn more </li></ul><ul><li>Interact to develop yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Fear is your worst enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Make mistakes to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Study & discuss in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support and help </li></ul><ul><li>Ask fundamental questions : why, when, how & where? </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace change – and compete with yourself only </li></ul>
  36. 36. www.afterschoool.tk social entrepreneurship for better society