There are 4 types of essays in paper 1 of the Englishlanguage paper. Exposition-gives information about various topics tothe reader Description-describes in detail characteristics andtraits Argument-convinces the reader by demonstratingthe truth and falsity of a topic Narrative-tells a story from one persons viewpoint.
A narrative essay is a kind of story whichis told from the viewpoint of a specificperson or people. It is considered a relatively informalform of essay writing.
A narrative essay helps you tell a storyusing the elements ofPlot/SettingCharacterConflictClimaxResolution
The focus of a narrative essay is itsplot, which can consist of a multitude ofcharacteristics:1) Chronology,2) Dialogue,3) An evident purpose, and4) Vivid descriptions.
A narrative essay can be: An event that is a part of your experience. An experience that occurred in the near past orwhich is currently ongoing. An event that could have occurred in the life ofsomeone close.
A narrative essay consists of three basic parts:1. The Introduction2. The Main Body3. The Conclusion or Summary But WAIT! Before beginning the essay, you shouldalways MAP OUT the essay!
It is essential to map out a narrative essay beforebeginning to write. Why should you map it out?1. It allows you to be able to come up with acomprehensive and effective structure.2. It prevents the essay from becoming disorganized orcluttered as you write.
Decide A Plot. Choose a plot in regard to the topicprovided to you. This plot can be from a personalexperience and can be fictional as well. Map outspecific details such as names and places as this willadd authenticity to the essay. Make A Timeline. It is heavily advised to make achronology of events that you will write in your essay.This will allow you to have a strong, organizedstructure in your essay and prevent it from becomingirrelevant.
0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Success RateAfter Mapping ItOutSuccess RateWithoutMapping It OutFailure RateAfter Mapping ItOutFailure RateWithoutMapping It Out
For a 350 – 500 words essay, it should ideallyhave these five paragraphs:The Introductory ParagraphFirst Supporting ParagraphSecond Supporting ParagraphThird Supporting ParagraphClosing or Summary Paragraph
Introductory Paragraph General Topic Sentence: memorable present Subtopic One: the reason it was given Subtopic Two: a description of it Subtopic Three: how you felt when you got itFirst Supporting Paragraph Restate Subtopic One Supporting Details or Examples
Second Supporting Paragraph Restate Subtopic Two Supporting Details or ExamplesThird Supporting Paragraph Restate Subtopic Three Supporting Details or ExamplesClosing or Summary Paragraph Synthesis and conclusion of the thesis
A narrative essay’s introduction has to catch theattention of the reader and this can be done in a fewways.1. The Opening Statement:An essay’s opening statement is often on what aperson judges an essay before even reading it.Thus, it is important to make an impact from thestart. This can be done by having a general statement atthe start of the essay such as “It can be a greatexperience to learn something new.”
Write in the active voiceIt is advised to use the active voice in your essay’sintroduction, as it is more powerful and is more likelyto catch the reader’s attention. Varying sentence structureDo NOT bore the reader in the introduction.Monotonous sentences often result in an uninterestingintroduction, to which the reader will naturally assumethat the entire essay was written in a similar fashion.
Each supporting paragraph must provide a continuity of ideasand expression. It is the primary means through which the plot movesforward. Here are some basics when writing supportingparagraphs:1. Write a transition to establish the sub-topicEach paragraph has to flow, one to the next.2. Supporting ideas, examples and details must be specificto the sub-topic.Most people tend to add unnecessary and irrelevant detailsto supporting paragraphs. This is a MAJOR negative. Pleaseavoid this.
Vary Sentence Structure.Do NOT be monotonous in your sentence structure. Theexaminer will be more interested in an essay with a varyingsentence structure, rather than someone whose essaymonotonously drags on. “As I passed through the gates I heard a squeaky voice. Adiminutive middle-aged man came out from behind the trees— the caretaker. He worked a toothbrush-sized stick aroundin his mouth, digging into the crevices between algaed stubsof teeth. He was barefoot; he wore a blue batik shirt knownas a buba, baggy purple trousers, and an embroideredskullcap. I asked him if he would show me around the shrine.Motioning me to follow, he spat out the results of his stickwork and set off down the trail.”
This is the most difficult paragraph to write in anynarrative essay. Here are the points that must be inyour concluding paragraph:1. End the essay effectively, leaving no loose ends inyour story. This is where a good structure comes inhandy.2. Be powerful. This is your last chance to make anysort of impact on the reader.
Edit and Revise Your Essay1. Check your spelling and grammar. Check forlanguage and vocabulary mistakes, along witherrors in tenses.2. Examine your essay for flaws in the logic and plot.Be wary of loopholes and loose ends to your plot.3. DO NOT EVER GIVE IN AN ESSAY WITHOUT GOINGOVER IT AT LEAST TWICE.
Do’s in Your Essay Don’ts in Your Essay Do use dialogues to make yourwriting more vivid and life-like. Butavoid excessive use. Don’t be afraid to be creative Do give information in chronologicalorder. Don’t switch from past tense to presentand vice versa; stick to one tense for theentire story. Do use senses and emotions to set thescene for your story. Don’t start writing your narrative essaybefore you decide on the ending for yourstory Do enhance your writing with colorfulstylistic literary techniques, likemetaphors, epithets, distinguishedcomparisons, bright allegories and thelike. Don’t change the sequence of events –this will make it much harder for thereader to follow the plot. Do include detailed descriptions of theplaces, people and buildings that are partof the story. Don’t be afraid to include elements ofdescriptive writing in your narrative essay.
Switching from third person to first person or vice versa. Overuse of verbs, to the point where the main point of asentence is lost, due to excessive use of verbs. The misuse of metaphors, idioms and similes is a commonerror made by many essay writers. If you’re not sure about ametaphor, play it safe and don’t use it. Students often use flashbacks and flash forwards to help thestory build to a climax. However these MUST be properlyconnected to the story for clarity.
“I am terrified of heights. I have this fear. It causes my legs to shake. Ibreak out in a cold sweat. I start jabbering to anyone who is nearby.As thoughts of certain death run through my mind, the worldappears a precious, treasured place. I imagine my own funeral, thenshrink back at the implications of where my thoughts are taking me.My stomach feels strange. My palms are clammy. Of course, it’s notreally a fear of being in a high place. Rather, it is the view of a longway to fall, of rocks far below me and no firm wall between me andthe edge. My sense of security is screamingly absent. There are noguardrails, flimsy though I picture them, or other safety devices. Ican rely only on my own surefootedness—or lack thereof.”
Our trip turned out to be a complete disaster. It all startedearly on a Saturday morning. Me and my friends met at 5am to load up for our trip. It took us a long time to load allof our provisions, luggage and equipment that we weregoing to take with us on the trip. We had so much stuff thatwe hardly had room to cram it all in. Finally after all of thispreparation we took off on our trip with high hopes thatwe would all have the great time we expected. Unanswered Questions : Where did you go? How long wereyou going for? What kind of trip was it? What did you take?
Q) ‘There was rustling, a faint groaning in the distance, an icy air allaround….’ Continue the story (although it does not have to be a completeone) In your writing, you should bring out a sense of tension and theunknown. There was rustling, a faint groaning in the distance, an icy air all aroundand an eerie darkness. The chill made her shiver and she fled backinside, slamming the door behind her. Before she could tell herself tocalm down and sit down to a cup of tea, the lights flickered and died out.There was complete darkness now. She could still hear the groaning fromoutside and a light tap-tap on the eastern window nearly stopped herheart. Son, she thought, where are you? Like a blind woman, she groped about in the darkness for the candle onthe mantelpiece- remembering that her torch was out of battery- andsighed in relief when her shaking fingers found the matches. A momentlater, a tiny flame was dancing on the wick. This small source of comfortseemed to give her both hope and spirit for she puffed herself up andyelled at no one in particular, considering that she was alone, ‘No silly urban legend’ll get the better of me! Hear that?’
Thank you for attending thispresentation, and I hope this hasbeen informative for you.Any Questions?