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Gems of bhagavad gita chapter. 5

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Chapter 5 entitled Karmasanyaasayoga or Yoga of Renunciation, describes the similarities & differences between Yogas of work & knowledge. The soul, though existing in the body, does not initiates any …

Chapter 5 entitled Karmasanyaasayoga or Yoga of Renunciation, describes the similarities & differences between Yogas of work & knowledge. The soul, though existing in the body, does not initiates any action, but enjoys the fruits of action through the sense organs, mind & intellect.

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  • 1. Gems of Bhagavad Gita T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI THIRUVALLA, KERALA INDIA
  • 2. BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINE SONG-An Introduction  Bhagavad Gita-Part of the Sanskrit Epic Mahabhaaratha.(200 BC to 200 AD)  700 verses in 18 chapters.  A conversation between Lord Krishna and his close friend Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield just before the start of the Kurukshetra battle.  Arjuna loses his heart and refuses to fight his teachers and relatives, and Krishna revives him by his wise words of wisdom. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 3. Gems of Bhagavad Gita CHAPTER 5 KARMASANYAASA YOGA THE YOGA OF ACTION & RENUNCIATION TKG Namboodhiri
  • 4. Gems of Bhagavad Gita SANYAASAH KARMAYOGASCHA NIH SRE’YASA KARAAVUBHOW, THAYOSTHU KARMASANYAASAATH KARMAYOGO VISISHYATHE’. (5.2) Both renunciation & Karma Yoga (Yoga of Action) promote the supreme good. But of the two, Karma Yoga is superior to renunciation of work. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 5. Gems of Bhagavad Gita JNEYAH SA NITHYASANYAASEE YO NA DWESHTY NA KAMKSHATHI, NIRDWANDO HI MAHAABAAHO SUKHAM BANDHAAL PRAMUCHYATHE’ (5.3) Arjuna, understand that one who does not desire anything or hates anything is a Renouncer. Such a person, free from all duality like pleasure/pain, heat/cold, good/bad, is easily liberated from worldly bondage. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 6. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YATH SAAMKHYAIH PRAAPYATHE’ STHAANAM THAD YOGAIRAPI GAMYATHE’, E’KAM SAAMKHYAM CHA YOGAM CHA YAH PASYATHI SA PASYATHI. (5.5) The status won by the Saamkhyas, liberation, is attained by the Yogins (those who, without seeking fruits of works, perform them as offering to God, as a means to winning knowledge) also. Only he perceives , who perceives this identity of goal of both Saamkhya & Yoga. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 7. Gems of Bhagavad Gita SANYAASASTHU MAHABAAHO DUKHKHAMAAPTHUM AYOGATHAH, YOGAYUKTHO MUNIRBRAHMA NACHIRE’NAADHIGACHCHATHI. (5.6) Arjuna, renunciation is indeed hard to win without (Karma) Yoga. With Yoga, the silent sage attains Brahman(knowledge of supreme reality) without much delay. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 8. Gems of Bhagavad Gita BRAHMANYAADHAAYA KARMAANI SANGAM THYAKTHWAA KAROTHI YAH, LIPYATHE’ NA SA PAAPE’NA PADMAPATHRAMIVAAMBHASAA. (5.10) Reposing all work in Brahman, the Yogin operates without attachment; he is not stained by sin as a lotus leaf is not by water. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 9. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YUKTHAH KARMAPHALAM THYAKTHWAA SAANTHIMAAPNOTHI NAISHTIKEEM, AYUKTHAH KAAMAKAARE’NA PHALE’ SAKTHO NIBADHYATHE’. (5.12). Giving up the fruits of work, the Yogin attains disciplined peace; the non-Yogin, attached to fruits of work by the force of cravings, gets bound to this world. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 10. Gems of Bhagavad Gita NA KARTHRUTHWAM NA KARMAANI LOKASYA SRIJATHI PRABHUH, NA KARMAPHALA SAMYOGAM SWABHAAVASTHU PRAVARTHATHE’. (5.14) The Lord creates neither agency (does not compel anybody to work) nor objects (of such work), nor contact with the fruits of work. It is the nature of things (Maaya) that operates. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 11. Gems of Bhagavad Gita NAADATHE’ KASYACHIT PAPAM NA CHAIVA SUKRUTHAM VIBHUH, AJNAANE’NAAVRITHAM JNAANAM THE’NA MUHYANTHI JANTHAVAH. (5. 15) The mighty Being accepts nobody’s sin (of bad deeds) or merit (like, worship, sacrifice, gifts, & oblations in the fire ). Knowledge is shrouded in ignorance, hence, living beings are deluded, (& think otherwise). TKG Namboodhiri
  • 12. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YE’ HI SAMSPARSAJA BHOGA DUKHAYONAYA E’VA THE’, AADYANTHAVANTHAH KAUNTHE’YA NA THE’SHU RAMATHE’ BUDHAH. (5.22) Arjuna, sensual enjoyment born out of contacts with objects, indeed, leads to pain only. It has a beginning & an end. The sages do not delight in such enjoyments TKG Namboodhiri
  • 13. Gems of Bhagavad Gita SAKNOTHEEHAIVA YAH SODHDHOOM PRAK SAREERA VIMOKSHANAAL, KAAMAKRODHODBHAVAM VE’GAM SA YUKTHAH SA SUKHEE NARAH. (5.23) The man who is strong enough to resist, in this life itself, the urge of lust & wrath, is integrated, & he remains happy. TKG Namboodhiri
  • 14. Gems of Bhagavad Gita YO ANTHAH SUKHO ANTHARAARAAMASTHATHAANTHARJYOTHIRE’VA YAH, SA YOGEE BRAHMANIRVAANAM BRAHMABHOOTHO ADHIGACHCHATHI. (5.24) With joy within, sporting within, & likewise, with light within, the Yogin becomes Brahman & wins the peace of Brahman TKG Namboodhiri
  • 15. Gems of Bhagavad Gita KAAMAKRODHAVIYUKTHAANAAM YATHEENAAM YATHACHE’THASAAM, ABHITHO BRAHMNIRVAANAM VARTHATHE’ VIDITHAATHMANAAM. (5.26) Both when they are alive & dead, the peace of Brahman exists for the self-restrained ascetics, who have known the self, & are free from lust & wrath. TKG Namboodhiri