T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI
BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINE
Bhagavad Gita-Part of the
Mahabhaaratha.(200 BC to 200
700 verses in 18 chapters.
A conversation between Lord
Krishna and his close friend
Arjuna in the middle of the
battlefield just before the start
of the Kurukshetra battle.
Arjuna loses his heart and
refuses to fight his teachers
and relatives, and Krishna
revives him by his wise words
THE YOGA OF DEVOTION
MAYYAAVE’SYA MANO YE’ MAAM NITHYAYUKTHAA
UPAASATHE’, SRADHAYAA PARAYOPE’THAASTHE’ ME’
YUKTHATHAMAA MATHAH. (12.2)
The best integrated are those devotees
who concentrate on Me & worship Me
with absolute faith & remain integrated
YE’ THWAKSHARAM ANIRDDE’SYAM AVYAKTHAM
PARYUPAASATHE’, SARVATHRAGAMACHINTHYAM CHA
KOOTASTHAMACHALAM DHRUVAM. (12.3)
Some worship elaborately the Imperishable, the
ineffable, the Unmanifest, the Omnipresent, the
imponderable, the Immutable, & they attain Me
CHE’THASAAM, AVYAKTHAA HI GATHIRDUKHAM
But those who set their mind on the
Unmanifest toil harder because embodied
beings find it hard to tread the path of the
YE’ THU SARVAANI KARMAANI MAYI SAMNYASYA
MATHPARAH, ANANYE’NAIVA YOGE’NA MAAM
DHYAAYANTHA UPAASATHE, THE’SHAAMAHAM
SAMUDDHARTHAA MRITHYU SAMSAARA SAAGARATH.
Those, however, who surrender all work to Me,
make Me their supreme goal & worship Me,
meditating on Me in a state of undivided union,
I shall soon deliver from the sea of life & death.
MAYYE’VA MANA AADHATHSWA MAYI BUDHIM
NIVE’SAYA, NIVASISYASI MAYYE’VA ATHA
OORDHWAM NA SAMSAYAH. (12.8)
Therefore, fix your mind on Me alone, let
your intelligence be absorbed in Me;
henceforth, you will dwell, without doubt,
in Me alone.
ATHA CHITHTHAM SAMAADHAATHUM NA SAKNOSHI
MAYI STHIRAM, ABHYAASAYOGE’NA THATHO
MAAMICHCHAAPTHUM DHANANJAYA. (12.9)
If you are unable to concentrate your
mind steadfastly on Me, Arjuna, try to
reach out to Me through repeated
ABHYAASO APYASAMARTHO ASI
MATHKARMAPARAMO BHAVA, MADARTHAMAPI
KARMAANI KURVAN SIDHI MAVAAPSYASI. (12.10)
If you cannot make even these repeated
efforts, devote yourself wholly to My
work. Even by doing work for My sake you
will achieve perfection
ATHYTHADAPYASAKTHO ASI KARTHUM
MADYOGAMAASRITHAH, SARVAKARMA PHALA
THYAAGAM THATHAH KURU YATHAATHMAVAAN.
If you are unable even to work for My
sake, then, with self-control, renounce the
fruits of all work you do.
SRE’YO HI JNAANAM ABHYAASAATH JNAANAAD
DHYAANAM VISISHYATHE’, DHYAANATH KARMA PHALA
Knowledge of self is better than practice,
meditation is better than self-knowledge, &
renunciation of the fruits of action is better
than even mediation. From renunciation you
attain mental peace immediately
IN THE NEXT 7 VERSES, THE LORD DESCRIBES THE QUALITIES OF
ADWE’SHTO SARVA BHOOTHAANAM MAITHRAH KARUNA
EVA CHA, NIRMAMO NIRAHANKAARAH
SAMADUKHASUKHAH KSHAMEE. (12,13)
He hates none, friendly & compassionate, without
sense of possession & egoism, treats pleasure & pain
equally, & is long-suffering (does not react
emotionally even when abused)
SANTHUSHTAH SATHATHAM YOGEE YATHAATHMAA
DRIDHANISCHAYAH, MAYYARPITHA MANOBUDHIRYO
MADBHAKTHAH SA ME’ PRIYAH. (12.14)
Continuously happy, integrated, self-
disciplined & of steadfast resolve & with
his mind & intellect steeped Me, My
devotee is dear to Me.
YASMAANNODWIJATHE’ LOKO LOKAANNODWIJATHE’
CHA YAH, HARSHAAMARSHABHAYO DWEGYR
MUKTHO YAH SA CHA ME’ PRIYA. (12.15)
From him the world does not shrink, nor
does he shrink from the world. He is free
from elation, intolerance, fear & agitation.
He is dear to Me.
ANAPE’KSHAH SUCHIRDDAKSHA UDAASEENO
GATHAVYATHAH, SARVAARAMBHA PARITHYAAGEE YO
MADBHAKTHAH SA ME’ PRIYA. (12.16)
Dear to Me is My devotee who craves not,
is pure, adept, indifferent, unworried &
who shuns all undertakings.
YO NA HRISHYATHI NA DWESHTI NA SOCHATHI NA
BHAKTHIMAAN YAH SA ME’ PRIYA. (12.17)
He is not elated, does not hate, grieve, or
desire. He has given up both good and
evil. Such a devotee is dear to Me.
SAMAH SATHRAU CHA MITHRE’ CHA THATHA
He is the same towards friend & foe as also in
honour & dishonour; the same in cold &
warmth, pleasure & pain, because, he is
THULYANINDAASTHUTHIRMAUNI SANTHUSHTO YE’NA
STHIRMATHIRBHAKTHIMAANME’ PRIYO NARAH.
He treats alike contempt & praise; is silent,
content with whatever accrues; he is without a
permanent home, & steadfast. Such a devotee
is dear to Me.