The battle of Iwo Jima, or Operation Detachment, took place on the island of Iwo Jima directly below Japan.
The Battle of Iwo Jima started on February 19 th and ended on March 26 th .
AMERICA LAUNCHED AN ASSAULT AGAINST THE JAPANESE
The battle of Iwo Jima took place when the U.S. was charged with the mission of capturing three air fields on Iwo Jima. This resulted in some of the fiercest fighting to take place in the pacific campaign.
During the battle of Iwo Jima one of the most memorable moments in American history took place. Photographer Joe Rosenthal snapped a photo of the raising of the U.S. flag on Mount Suribachi by 5 U.S. marines and one Navy Corpsman.
Shortly before 2am on Feb. 19, 1945, the Navy opened up on Iwo Jima again, signaling the beginning of D-Day. After an hour of punishment, the fire was lifted.
110 bombers then exploded down onto the tiny island to drop more bombs. After the planes left, the big guns of the Navy opened up again.
At 8:30am the Americans sent the first wave of Marines towards the deadly shores. Once ashore, the Marines were bedeviled by the loose volcanic ash. Unable to dig foxholes, they were sitting ducks for the hidden Japanese gunners.
The battle was unique in its setting. One hundred thousand men fighting on a tiny island one-third the size of Manhattan. For 36 days Iwo Jima was one of the most populated 7.5 miles on earth.
The Japanese stationed on Iwo Jima used one of the best and fiercest fighting strategies ever seen in historical warfare. The island of Iwo Jima was used by the Japanese as an offensive and a defensive weapon. Iwo Jima has a volcano on the island, a volcano which was used brilliantly. As Colonel Thomas M. Fields stated, "At great cost, you'd take a hill to find then the same enemy suddenly on your flank or rear. The Japanese were not on Iwo Jima. They were in it!"
Japanese Soldiers who fought- 22,785
Japanese dead- 21,569
Japanese captured- 216
American dead- 6,821
American wounded- 26,038
"The Battle - The Land Battle." Iwo Jima . Web. 04 Apr. 2011. <http://www.iwojima.com/battle/battlec.htm>.
1944, June. "Battle of Iwo Jima." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia . Web. 04 Apr. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iwo_Jima>.
O'Brien, Cyril J. "Iwo Jima Retrospective." Iwo Jima . Web. 4 Apr. 2011. <http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,NI_Iwo_Jima2,00.html>.