Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Is Man merely a product of a material world?
From  Leviathan : <ul><li>“The universe is corporeal; all that is real is material, and what is not material is not real.”...
Is there free will? <ul><li>For Hobbes, the answer is “NO.”  </li></ul><ul><li>The human being’s animal cravings DETERMINE...
MAN is in a state of nature. <ul><li>The state is without civil government. </li></ul><ul><li>All men “are in a war of all...
So, how does Hobbes view authority? <ul><li>Hobbes falls on the VERY AUTHORITARIAN side of the social contract. </li></ul>...
In other words… <ul><li>Hobbes takes the view that Man is alone in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Without a Creator, without...
So, what’s the difference between Calvin and Hobbes? <ul><li>Hobbes is the classical humanist, but with only a material ex...
So… <ul><li>What about “Calvin and Hobbes”? </li></ul>
And, <ul><li>Why did Mr. Kester create this power point on Hobbes in such plain, black and white, no-motion script? </li><...
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Thomas Hobbes (1588 1679)

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Thomas Hobbes (1588 1679)

  1. 1. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Is Man merely a product of a material world?
  2. 2. From Leviathan : <ul><li>“The universe is corporeal; all that is real is material, and what is not material is not real.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hobbes’ materialist philosophy of the nature of Man rejects the dualism of Descartes. </li></ul><ul><li>The soul is mortal! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Is there free will? <ul><li>For Hobbes, the answer is “NO.” </li></ul><ul><li>The human being’s animal cravings DETERMINE his reality. Determinism, then, treats freedom “as being able to do what one desires.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hobbes preferred the worldview that ALL existence is MATTER in MOTION. Here, TH is thinking like Galileo’s ideas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MAN is in a state of nature. <ul><li>The state is without civil government. </li></ul><ul><li>All men “are in a war of all against all in which life is hardly worth living.” </li></ul><ul><li>The SOCIAL CONTRACT establishes the state in order for Man to escape perpetual warfare and provide for peace and order. </li></ul><ul><li>The state must exist, or Man succumbs to his natural desire for conflict. </li></ul>
  5. 5. So, how does Hobbes view authority? <ul><li>Hobbes falls on the VERY AUTHORITARIAN side of the social contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps, Hobbes should have read that bumper sticker: </li></ul><ul><li>No God; no peace. </li></ul><ul><li>Know God; know peace. </li></ul>
  6. 6. In other words… <ul><li>Hobbes takes the view that Man is alone in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Without a Creator, without a Father/Law-giver, MAN does not live in obedience to MAN unless there is the social contract. </li></ul><ul><li>No social contract? Live according to passions! Party on, Wayne! </li></ul>
  7. 7. So, what’s the difference between Calvin and Hobbes? <ul><li>Hobbes is the classical humanist, but with only a material existence; Man is dependent upon himself alone; conflict is Man vs. himself and Man vs. Man </li></ul><ul><li>Calvin is the Reformed theologian; dependent upon God’s grace and the authority of scripture; in addition to the two “conflicts” above, Man vs. God plays out as the primary contest. </li></ul>
  8. 8. So… <ul><li>What about “Calvin and Hobbes”? </li></ul>
  9. 9. And, <ul><li>Why did Mr. Kester create this power point on Hobbes in such plain, black and white, no-motion script? </li></ul>
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