Intromiddleagespp

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Intromiddleagespp

  1. 1. THE MIDDLE AGES AN INTRODUCTION
  2. 3. @ 476 AD-1350 PERIOD FROM THE DECLINE OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE TO THE RENAISSANCE
  3. 4. MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE AGES
  4. 5. CULTURAL <ul><li>A BLEND OF THREE CULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GERMANIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHRISTIAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GRECO-ROMAN (CLASSICAL) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. RELIGIOUS <ul><li>AN EXTREMELY POWERFUL CHURCH AND PAPACY DOMINATED THE MIDDLE AGES </li></ul><ul><li>LATIN WAS THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT, AND THE CHURCH </li></ul><ul><li>MONASTIC ORDERS HELPED TO SPREAD CHRISTIANITY AND PRESERVE CLASSICAL AND BIBLICAL TEACHING </li></ul>
  6. 7. SOCIAL <ul><li>THERE WAS A DECLINE IN URBANIZATION ACROSS EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>MOST PEOPLE LIVED IN SMALL VILLAGES AND RURAL SETTLEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>DECLINE IN LITERACY AND LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>HIGH INFANT MORTALITY RATE </li></ul><ul><li>LOW LIFE EXPECTANCY </li></ul><ul><li>FEUDAL SOCIAL AND POLITICAL STRUCTURE DEVELOPED </li></ul>
  7. 8. MAJOR DIVISIONS OF MEDIEVAL HISTORY
  8. 9. EARLY MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>THE RISE OF A POWERFUL ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH AND PAPACY </li></ul><ul><li>EMERGENCE OF GERMANIC (FRANKISH) RULERS (KINGS) WHO CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CHARLEMAGNE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>FEW PEOPLE COULD READ OR WRITE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LIMITED ACCESS TO BOOKS AND LITERATURE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MOST PEOPLE LIVED IN RURAL VILLAGES </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPMENT OF FEUDALISM AFTER THE DIVISION OF CHARLEMAGNE’S KINGDOM </li></ul><ul><li>ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE </li></ul>
  9. 11. Charlemagne
  10. 12. THE TREATY OF VERDUN CHARLEMAGNE’S KINGDOM IS DIVIDED
  11. 13. FEUDALISM EARLY AND HIGH MIDDLE AGES
  12. 16. HIGH MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>CITIES AND TOWNS (BURGS) BEGAN TO GROW (URBANIZATION) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE EMERGED </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LITERACY AND LEARNING EXPANDED </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSITIES DEVELOPED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OXFORD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CAMBRIDGE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LITERATURE BEGAN TO BE WRITTEN IN THE COMMON LANGUAGES , NOT JUST LATIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CANTURBURY TALES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE DIVINE COMEDY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BUSINESS PRACTICES DEVELOPED AND TRADE EXPANDED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BANKING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MIDDLE CLASS BEGAN TO EMERGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BURGHERS </li></ul></ul>
  13. 22. LATE MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>THE POWER AND PRESTIGE OF THE CHURCH AND PAPACY BEGAN TO DECLINE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPACT OF THE CRUSADES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GREAT SCHISM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PERIODS OF CROP FAILURE AND FAMINE </li></ul><ul><li>THE BLACK DEATH KILLED NEARLY HALF OF EUROPE’S POPULATION </li></ul><ul><li>FEUDAL SOCIAL STRUCTURE WAS CHALLENGED AS NEW ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL OPPORTUNITIES AROSE (MIDDLE CLASS) </li></ul><ul><li>NATION-STATES BEGAN TO EMERGE WITH POWERFUL MONARCHS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ENGLAND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FRANCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPAIN </li></ul></ul>
  14. 25. MEDIEVAL MONASTICISM “ THE MONASTIC ORDERS CIVILIZED EUROPE WITH CROSS, BOOK, AND PLOUGH.”
  15. 26. THE MONASTIC ORDERS OF THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD <ul><li>ST. BENEDICT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ITALIAN MONK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STARTED A NEW CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS ORDER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUSED ON </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WORK </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PRAYER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SCRIPTURE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HOSPITALITY </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 27. ST BENEDICT
  17. 28. THE MONKS CIVILIZED MEDIEVAL EUROPE WITH
  18. 29. CROSS <ul><li>EARLY MISSIONARIES </li></ul><ul><li>SPREAD THE GOSPEL </li></ul><ul><li>STARTED CHURCHES </li></ul>
  19. 33. BOOK <ul><li>STARTED SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>COPIED THE ANCIENT (CLASSICAL LITERATURE) MANUSCRIPTS AND THE BIBLE </li></ul>
  20. 36. PLOUGH <ul><li>MONASTARIES OFTEN WERE LARGE FARMS </li></ul><ul><li>MONKS WORKED TO DEVELOP NEW FARMING TECHNIQUES </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION </li></ul>
  21. 38. THE MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF WESTERN CIVILIZAITON
  22. 39. <ul><li>URBANIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>RISE OF THE MIDDLE CLASS </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSITIES AND HIGHER EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>BUSINESS PRACTICES </li></ul><ul><li>VERNACULAR LITERATURE </li></ul><ul><li>CONCEPT OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(MAGNA CARTA 1215) </li></ul></ul>

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