Classical Greek Humanism

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Classical Greek Humanism

  1. 1. CLASSICAL GREEK HUMANISM THE HELLENIC PERIOD THE CLASSICAL PERIOD
  2. 2. “ MAN IS THE MEASURE OF ALL THINGS.” PROTAGORAS HUMANISM MAN IS AT THE CENTER
  3. 3. HUMAN REASON <ul><li>THE POWER TO THINK AND REASON GAVE MAN HIS WORTH </li></ul><ul><li>NO AUTHORITY HIGHER THAN REASON </li></ul><ul><li>‘GOD” WAS AN ABSTRACT IDEA NOT A PERSONAL PRESENCE </li></ul>
  4. 4. CLASSICAL EDUCATION <ul><li>PEDAGOGUE- TUTOR </li></ul><ul><li>INDIVIUDALIZED INSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>MALE ORIENTED </li></ul><ul><li>GIRLS WERE EDUCATED IN THE AREA OF RUNNING A HOUSEHOLD AND RAISING CHILDREN </li></ul>
  5. 5. CLASSICAL ART AND ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>GLORIFIED THE HUMAN BEING </li></ul><ul><li>PERFECT PROPORTION AND FORM </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUS ON BEAUTY </li></ul><ul><li>BUILDINGS REFLECTED MATHEMATICAL PROPORTION </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN SCALE </li></ul><ul><li>PERFECTION AND LOGIC </li></ul>
  6. 6. SCULPTURE
  7. 8. ARCHITECTURE
  8. 9. ARCHITECTURE
  9. 10. CLASSICAL LITERATURE <ul><li>HERODOTUS- HISTORY </li></ul>
  10. 12. AESOP <ul><li>FABLES- STORIES WITH A MORAL LESSON </li></ul>
  11. 14. DRAMA <ul><li>SOPHOCLES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OEDIPUS REX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANTIGONE </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. OEDIPUS REX
  13. 16. GREEK PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>THE GREEKS WERE THE FIRST TO USE ABSTRACT THOUGHT TO EXPLORE LIFE’S BIG QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO AM I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHERE DID I COME FROM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHAT IS RIGHT AND WRONG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHAT IS THE MEANING OF LIFE </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. GREEK PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>SOPHISTS-WANDERING TEACHERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUSED ON RHETORIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REJECTED THE IDEA OF A SINGLE UNIVERSAL TRUTH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRESSED CIVIC DUTY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARETE - EXCELLENCE IN ALL THINGS </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. MAJOR GREEK PHILOSOPHERS <ul><li>SOCRATES </li></ul>
  16. 19. PLATO <ul><li>STUDENT OF PLATO </li></ul><ul><li>WROTE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THE REPUBLIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE APOLOGY </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. ARISTOTLE <ul><li>STUDENT OF PLATO </li></ul><ul><li>TUTOR TO ALEXANDER </li></ul>

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