Babylonians / Well-organized central government
King Hammurabi, 1790 B.C., united most of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule.
Publicly recorded civil and criminal law code; Code of Hammurabi. About 270 laws are available for viewing today on the stele (a cylindrical stone with etchings of cunieform writing). Some laws were marred from the stele by conquering Persians.
We’ll look more closely at the content of the Code of Hammurabi next week when we analyze and evaluate the Code against Mosaic Law.