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  • novelty def the strategy you want to use with your child to increase your child’s “motivation” to engage because you are building more opportunities for success

Transcript

  • 1. Mixed Trialing and Pacing
    • Amanda Dixon
  • 2. Mixed Trials
    • What is it?
      • Running more than one procedure at a time
        • Example: 5 trials of Class Member ID, then 5 trials of Fine Motor
    • Why?
      • Helps keep your child attending
      • Helps increase responding
  • 3. How To Mix It Up
    • Run more difficult tasks between easier tasks
    • Run more aversive procedures with preferred procedures
      • Child will receive more reinforcement for correct responses with easier tasks
      • Helps build behavioral momentum
        • Tendency for behavior to persist following a change in environmental conditions
        • Strategy you want to use to increase “motivation” to work because there are more opportunities for success
  • 4. What To Mix
    • Consider the materials used for each procedure
      • Combine a procedure with a lot materials with a procedure without materials
      • Example: ID objects with a vocal procedure
  • 5. What To Mix
      • Run a new procedure (or fun ELOs) with older procedures that have a low rate of responding
        • Novelty can keep your child attending
          • Examples: New pictures, new objects, new toys
      • Example:
        • Put 5 objects in a bag.
        • Have child unzip bag.
        • Then run a couple trials of 2&3 Comp. ID Obj.
  • 6. Mixed Trial Ideas
      • Use the same materials to run different learning opportunities
        • This can help your child discriminate between S d
        • One object can have multiple characteristics and qualities
        • Example: Using a toy car you can ask
          • “ What is this?”
          • “ What color is this?”
          • “ Is this a book?”
  • 7. Mixed Trial Ideas
      • Run a difficult procedure with an out of the booth procedure
        • Child will receive reinforcement (getting out of booth) after completing an aversive trial
      • Example:
        • Combine ID Size/Color/Shape with 2&3 Comp. Directions
        • Sd: “Big, red circle” then “Get a book and put it in your bag.”
  • 8. Pacing
    • How quickly you are moving with your child in the booth
      • Learning opportunities
      • Extra Learning opportunities
      • Delivering reinforcement
      • Duration of reinforcement
  • 9. Pacing Problems
    • Your child should never be sitting with nothing to do
      • Losing opportunities for learning
      • More time for problem behaviors
      • More difficult to get back on track
      • Breaks behavioral momentum
  • 10. Pacing Problems
    • When delivering the reinforcer
      • Too often
        • Breaks momentum
        • Missing out on learning opportunities
        • Reinforcer may become less desirable
      • Not enough
        • Procedure may become aversive
        • Responding may decrease
    • satiation
  • 11. Pacing Problems
    • Deliver the reinforcer immediately!
      • You don’t want to inadvertently reinforce other behaviors
      • Example: Child correctly identifies correct object then throws materials while you look for a reinforcer
        • Reinforcing problem behavior
  • 12. Keeping Up The Pace
    • Use a token economy
      • Increase the number learning opportunities before delivering a reinforcer
      • Helps move toward reinforcement similar to the natural environment
  • 13. Keeping Up The Pace
    • Keep procedures as fun as possible to maintain responding
    • Instead of BS ELOS, keep child attending by:
      • Starting out with easier trials
      • Frequent preference assessments
      • Be careful not to reinforce noncompliance by avoiding more difficult demands
  • 14. Keeping up the pace
    • Keep materials fun and appropriate
      • Example: Actual books and toys instead of just pictures
    • Hide extra learning opportunities in procedures
      • Example: Have the child pick a marker before tracing. Then ask, “What color?”
  • 15. Quiz Time!
    • When mix-trialing we want:
      • Behavioral momentum
      • Non-compliance
      • Attending
      • A and C
    • To achieve maximum attending, it is recommended to think of new ideas and be creative.
      • True
      • False
    • To make mix-trialing easier, it is a good idea to run a hard procedure and an easy procedure at the same time.
      • True
      • False
    • Why is it important to have good pacing?
    • You should deliver the reinforcer after a child throws their materials
      • True
      • False
  • 16.
    • Questions
    • Or
    • Comments??