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A method used to determine the function of problem behavior Problem behavior • Self-stimulation • Swiping materials • Hitting, kicking, spitting • Non-compliance • Inappropriate vocalizations • Any disruptive behaviors
Attention (positive or negative) Reinforcers (tangibles-toys or food) Automatic positive reinforcement (self- stimulatory/stereotyped) Escape (escape from demands)
Four Typical Conditions • Alone • Contingent Attention Toys • Contingent Escape Work (trials) • Control Condition Christmas time
Once we know the function, we can design a specific intervention to address the problem behavior • Escape-Teach to request a break • Attention- NCR
1. Why would you run a functional assessment?2. True/False: Functional analysis, descriptive assessment and indirect assessment are all types of functional assessments.3. What are the four functions of problem behavior?4. List two problem behaviors that you think should instigate an FA.5. Which is not a typical Functional Analysis condition? a) Alone b) Contingent Escape c) Contingent Punishment d) Control condition