Spanish is an official language in 20 sovereign states and one dependent entity, totaling around 423 million people Population Population Country Country (2011) (2011)Spain 46,754,784 Mexico 113,724,226Colombia 44,725,543 Argentina 41,769,726Peru 29,248,943Venezuela 27,635,743 Chile 16,888,760Ecuador 15,007,343 Dominican 9,956,648Guatemala 13,824,463 RepublicCuba 11,087,330 Nicaragua 5,666,301Bolivia 10,118,683 Uruguay 3,308,535Honduras 8,143,564Paraguay 6,459,058El Salvador 6,071,774Costa Rica 4,576,562Panama 3,460,462Equatorial 668,225Guinea
Outlines Colombia : Myths, images & reality Bogota : Candeleria, City , Salt Cathedral • TransMellenium and BART Valle de Cocora; Salentro Medellin: “The city of eternal Spring” Betero: Scultptures and Pictures Tayona National Park Cartagenea ; Roasario Island References : Personal & External
Map of Colombia! Bogotá, Colombia1)Bogotá, 2)Pereira
Colombia’s History! Overview The most advanced of the Pre-Columbian indigenous groups were the Tayronas, Colombia was among the three countries that formed due to the fall of Gran Colombia in 1830. Colombia’s flag shares major similarities between the Ecuadorian and Venezuelan flags, because their flags colors and symbols were all derived from Gran Columbia’s flag. (Right.) Gran Colombia’s real name was Colombia, but because it comprised of three countries and one province, (Panama) Colombia was called Great Colombia.
Modern Colombia In 1899 a liberal revolt against a resolutely conservative government turned into the War of a Thousand Days During the next couple of decades, disputes ensued over Panama, Leticia (Peru returned) Decades later began one of Colombia’s darkest periods, known as ‘La Violencia” 1948, socialist mayor Jorge Eliécer Gaitán was assassinated. Yhe riot finally subsided when, in 1957. Formation of guerrilla movements, M19 , FARC 1982, Gabriel García Márquez gets Nobel prixe During the presidential reigns of both Uribe (2002- 2010) and Santos (2010 - present) police and military pressure on groups such as the FARC has increased April 29 2012 Tushar Visits Colombia ..
Demographic Information OfCapital: BogotáLocation: Northern South America, between Panama and Venezuela.Population: 45,013,672 *July 2008Religions: 90% Roman Catholic, 10% OtherNatural Resources: Petroleum, coal, iron ore, emeralds, nickel, hydropower, copper, natural gas, & gold.Climate: Tropical along eastern plains and the coast, but cooler in the highlands.Language: Spanish
The town of La Candelaria in Bogotais the historical and cultural heart of the city. Since its start in the business of the city and moved down the hill to the north, the . colonial architecture was maintained intact. The historiccenter of Bogota is one of the best preserved in Latin America
Bogotá: A Model of Urban Happiness Where is Bogotá? What is urban happiness?
Inspired Leadership Former mayor Enrique Peñalosa transformed Bogotá. once corrupt, crime-infested, polluted, and congested now stands as a model for the development of urban happiness What changes do you think Peñalosa made?
Mayor’s Comprehensive Policies• limited automobile usage• emphasis on public transit, parks, bike paths, and public spaces How might citizens benefit from limited automobile usage? Can you think of any possible disadvantages?
Happiness Economics• The mayor’s decision was based on the principles of happiness economics. A population’s level of happiness is a greater measure of success than per capita income or the strength of national currency. In your opinion, what makes people happy?
Principles of Happiness Economics• sense of safety through trust and positive interaction Peñalosa created world’s longest pedestrian walkway Freeways are closed every Sunday: two million people interact in a huge festival.• sense of equality Income gaps create unhappiness for the poor. Mayor organized free concerts and firework displays accessible to rich and poor. instituted bike pathways so cyclists (poorest sector of the population) feel sense of entitlement Explain how Peñalosa created a sense of safety and equality for his citizens.
Equality in Transportation• Peñalosa put money into TransMileno. rapid transit bus system with dedicated bus lanes minimal investment cuts emissions transports more than one million people per day Describe the transit system in your city.
Sanctions on Driving• Instead of building huge network of elevated freeways imposed sanctions on driving during rush hour. banned parking on sidewalks. instigated a car-free day. levied a gas tax. Do you think sanctions should be placed on driving in your city?
People over Cars• developed public spaces, parks, libraries, and schools• supplied running water for the poor• trees planted in marginal neighborhoods Do you agree or disagree with the policies implemented by Peñalosa?
Peñalosa: A Visionary changed the mindset of a city improved crime and poverty rates and traffic congestion created a sense of pride, self-esteem, and belonging qualitative difference over time What is a visionary? How was Peñalosa a visionary?
Complete Turnaround People abandoned pessimistic outlooks. They now feel a sense of pride. Bogotá prioritizes social interaction and socio- economic equality. Murder rates and automobile fatalities are down.Do you feel a sense of pride about your city or country? .
Mayor Changes Attitudes • Peñalosa sought to change negative attitudes about the cool, rainy weather. Climate is due to Bogotá being located on an elevated plateau. • New slogan: Bogotá: 2,600 meters closer to the stars!Describe how the mayor transformed Bogotá using theprinciples of happiness economics.
He is a painter, sculptor and draftsmanColombian born on April 19, 1932 in Medellin(Antioquia)..Considered living artist originally from LatinAmericas most recognized and quoted inthe world today. Universal icon art,extensive work is recognized by children andadults alike everywhere. His original stylehas been called Boterismo that within theart scene could be called figurativeexpressionism "disproportionate", a kind ofgenial surrealism..
Cartagena is one of the most recognized cities in Latin America, for its charming colonial style located in the Colombian Caribbean. It has easy access, whether by air, land or sea is visited every year by thousands of tourists who find it the perfect place to relax or work. This is where summit of Americas -2012 happened . Here you can stroll through the historic Castillo de San Felipe, buy crafts in The Vaults, visit the Monastery of La Popa and enjoy the view of the city, visit the Museum Palace of the Inquisition, enjoy the Caribbean charm in Rosario Islands, wander in the walled center in Chiava or fooy, and enjoy a romantic dinner in a historic town square. c. Also, enjoy the sun on the beach, daytime walks around its history, romantic sunsets and nights of rumba that blend old and new.