The baroque


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Paintings representing Mannerism and the Baroque.

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The baroque

  1. 1. Art in Transition Mannerism, the Baroque, and Beyond
  2. 2. Mannerism and Late Renaissance <ul><li>The political atmosphere in Italy changed with the takeover of Florence by the Medici </li></ul><ul><li>The religious atmosphere of Europe changed with the onset of the Protestantism </li></ul><ul><li>Art became disturbed and emotional </li></ul>Jacopo Pontormo, Entombment (1528)
  3. 3. Titian: Assumption of the Virgin (1518) The term, Mannerism, comes from a derisive remark describing the art as “in the manner of Michelangelo”
  4. 4. Tintoretto: Last Supper (1594)
  5. 5. Mannerism Outside Italy <ul><li>El Greco: Resurrection (1604) </li></ul><ul><li>El Greco (“the Greek”) studied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Byzantine art in Crete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance art in Florence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He eventually ended up in Spain where he did most of his work </li></ul><ul><li>His work was highly flavored by the Counter Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Known for elongated forms and distortion to enhance emotion </li></ul>
  6. 6. El Greco: Grand Inquisitor Don Fernando Nino de Guevara (1600) <ul><li>El Greco could also paint in traditional Renaissance style </li></ul><ul><li>His association with Mannerists has been disputed due to his distance from Renaissance Italy </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Baroque <ul><li>The Baroque was a term used to describe the art from the post Renaissance era (1590-1750) </li></ul><ul><li>Comes from a Portuguese term meaning “rough” or “irregular”, originally a derisive term </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily flavored by the religious and political wars of the 17 th century (French Civil War, Thirty Years War, War of Spanish Succesion, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Most artistic realism was accomplished by the Renaissance so differences in artistic style usually comes from the patron who requisitioned the art </li></ul><ul><li>Styles depended on the religion of the artists’ ruler but was usually highly emotional and powerful </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Baroque in Italy Caravaggio: Conversion of St. Paul (1601)
  9. 9. Artemisia Gentileschi: Judith Beheading Holofernes (c.1620)
  10. 10. Bernini: Ecstacy of Saint Theresa (1652)
  11. 11. The Baroque in France <ul><li>Nicholas Poussin. Scipio's Noble Deed (1640) </li></ul><ul><li>Pouissin represented a continuation of focus on the classical past </li></ul><ul><li>French art tended to be grand and emphasize the importance of the nobility and the grand </li></ul><ul><li>France slowly began to replace Rome as Europe’s artistic center </li></ul>
  12. 12. Claude Lorrain: Embarkation of Saint Ursula (1641)
  13. 13. Hyacynthe Rigaud: Portrait of Louis XIV (1701)
  14. 14. The Baroque in the Spanish Netherlands (The Flemish) Peter Paul Reubens: Raising of the Cross (1611)
  15. 15. Rubens: Fall of the Damned (1618)
  16. 16. Rubens: Henry IV Receiving the Portrait of Maria de’ Medici (1621)
  17. 17. Anthony Van Dyck: Portrait of Charles I (1635)
  18. 18. The Baroque of the Protestant Nations: Dutch Realism Gerrit van Honthorst: Adoration of the Shepherds (1621) Early Dutch painting follows much of the Mannerist tradition
  19. 19. Pieter Bruegel, Dance of the Peasants (1568) <ul><li>Remember: Bruegel had a strong concentration on secular life during the Renaissance </li></ul>
  20. 20. Frans Hals: Banquet of the Officers of the St. George Guard Company (1616)
  21. 21. Judith Leyster: The Proposition (1631) Later Dutch painting retains much of the emotion Focuses on the human and sometimes the mundane Highly Realistic, use of lighting
  22. 22. Rembrandt van Rijn: The Night Watch (1642)
  23. 23. Rembrandt: Supper at Emmaus (1648)
  24. 24. Jan van Goyen: River Scene (1656)
  25. 25. Jan Steen: World Upside Down (1663)
  26. 26. Jan Vermeer: Kitchen Maid (1658)
  27. 27. Vermeer: View of Delft (1662)
  28. 28. Vermeer: Allegory of the Art of Painting (1675)