100 years war
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100 years war

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Gives a brief overview with images of the major phases of the 100 Years War

Gives a brief overview with images of the major phases of the 100 Years War

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100 years war 100 years war Presentation Transcript

  • Warm Up
    Thesis sentence discussion: S+D+3R
    Share thesis sentences
    Come up with a consensus on the overall treatment of Jews in the Middle Ages
    Write a group thesis sentence
  • The 100 Years War
    1337-1453 C.E.
  • Philip VI of France
    In 1337, Philip VI of France took Gascony because Edward III of England refused to pay homage to the King
    Both men claimed the throne of France as they were both descended from Philip III
  • French Royal Line
  • Isabella and Edward III, King of England, Duke of Gascony
  • Discussion
    What are the causes of the Hundred Years War?
    How did the nature of feudalism help to cause the war?
  • Early Phases of the War
    The Battle of Sluys
    • France's sea power led to economic disruptions in England as it cut down on the wool trade to Flanders and the wine trade from Gascony.
    • However, in 1340, while attempting to hinder the English army from landing, the French fleet was almost completely destroyed in the Battle of Sluys.
    • After this, England was able to dominate the English Channel for the rest of the war, preventing French invasions.
  • Battle of Crecy
  • Discussion
    How did the issues of social class and technology impact the war?
    • Responsible for victory at Crecy
    • Made war on French countryside to take wealth and disrupt the French economy
    • Massacre at Limoges
    • Wore black armor
    Edward, the Black Prince
  • Dangers of Mercenaries
    Edward's army was the first large mercenary (i.e. paid or even professional) army of medieval Europe.
    Its members were paid by the day and in the loot they could plunder.
    The army was ordered to "work" all the time for their money, not just at the set piece battles between soldiers that had formed the stuff of medieval history to date.
    "Working" meant not just plunder and looting of everyone and everything in sight, but also a scorched earth policy of destroying, burning and laying waste - not to mention rape and murder.
    It has been estimated that in just two months in 1355, the Black Prince managed to devastate 18,000 square miles of south west France.
  • Later Phases of the War
    After the death of Edward, the Black Prince, the mercenaries remained in France doing their “work”.
    The French regained their territories over time
    In 1415, Henry V of England invaded France to take advantage of the uprising of the Dukes of Orleans and Burgundy against the king of France, Charles VI
  • Discussion
    What are the dangers of armies in the Middle Ages?
    How can mercenaries be even more dangerous?
  • Agincourt
    25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day);
  • Map of France after Agincourt
  • Henry V becomes King of France
    Henry marries Catherine, daughter of Charles VI
    Charles, the Dauphin (meaning prince of France and heir to the throne, though here had already been officially disinherited) took up the war against England in 1428
    He was weak like his father and failed to unite the French against the English until a certain peasant girl from Champagne arrived…
  • Joan of Arc
    c. 1412 - Approx date of birth
    c. 1424 - Described visions
    Helps the Dauphin unite the people of France
    8 May 1429 - Lifting of the siege of Orleans
    Captured by the Duke of Burgundy and inquisited by bishops loyal to Henry and the Duke
  • The Execution of Joan of Arc
  • End of the War
    • The war had proven the effectiveness of gun powder and cannons, especially as they proved decisive in the last Battle of Castillon.
    • By the end of the war, both England and France would have standing armies, the first since the fall of Rome.
    • The wanton destruction and death would exacerbate the effects of the plague and peasant revolts…
    • Though Joan was found guilty of witchcraft and executed, she did help the Dauphin to turn the tide against the English
    • Joan would eventually be made a saint by the Catholic Church
    • England’s Henry VI could not hold territory especially in light of revolts at home
  • Journal
    What challenges or difficulties are you having in this class so far?
    What are some strategies you can use to cope?