Science ABC Book


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Science ABC Book

  1. 1. The ABC’s of SCIENCETeri Elk, ELED 412
  2. 2. A is for..…AtmosphereThe Earth is surrounded by a large mass ofgas called the atmosphere. It is about 348miles thick, it supports life on Earth andseparates it from space.
  3. 3. B is for..…BurrowA hole or a tunnel dug in the ground by a smallanimal, such as a rabbit or mole, for a place ofhabitation or refuge.
  4. 4. C is for..…ClimateClimate is the weather conditions in an area ona continuous, seasonal basis. Climate can bemeasured by the average variety of weatherconditions.
  5. 5. D is for..…DATAData is factual information, especiallyinformation organized for analysis or used toreason or make decisions.
  6. 6. E is for..…ErosionErosion is the movement of sediment from onelocation to the other through the use ofwater, wind, ice, or gravity. The GrandCanyon was created by the process ofweathering and erosion.
  7. 7. F is for…..FungiFungi are multicellular organisms with asophisticated organization system whichcontain eukaryotic cells. Fungi exists in manydifferent forms and shapes.
  8. 8. G is for…..GalaxyGalaxies are large collections of stars,hydrogen, dust particles, and other gases.The universe is made of countless galaxies.The solar system that includes Earth is partof a galaxy called the Milky Way.
  9. 9. H is for…..HibernateTo spend the winter in close quarter in adormant condition, as bears and certain otheranimals is to hibernate.
  10. 10. I is for…..IonAn atom or a group of atoms that has anelectric charge. Positive ions, or cations, areformed by the loss of electrons; negativeions, or anions, are formed by the gain ofelectrons.
  11. 11. J is for…..JupiterJupiter is the fifth planet from the sun, thelargest and most massive in the solar system.It has 16 satellites and is surrounded by atransient planar ring system consisting ofdust particles.
  12. 12. K is for….. Kinetic Energy An object possessing energy because of its ability to move has kinetic energy. Kinetic Energy is used for movement and to do work.
  13. 13. L is for…..Life CyclesLife Cycles traditionally begins with a seed ora fertilized egg, which goes throughmetamorphosis until the organism is fullyformed. The development and growth oforganisms can take days, months, or years.
  14. 14. M is for…..MantleThe mantle is the thickest layer of the Earthlocated right below the crust. It is composedmostly of rocks and metals. The heat is sointense that rocks and metals melt, creatingmagma and the resulting lava that reaches thesurface.
  15. 15. N is for…..Nervous System The nervous system has two main divisions; the somatic and automatic. The somatic allows the voluntary control of skeletal muscles, and the automatic, controls cardiac and glandular functions.
  16. 16. O is for…..OzoneOzone forms a layer at the top of theatmosphere that blocks harmful ultravioletrays from the sun from reaching the Earth’ssurface.
  17. 17. P is for…..Periodic Table There are 112 basic kinds of matter, called elements that are organized into the periodic table.
  18. 18. Q is for…..QuartzA Quartz is a colorless mineral often tintedby impurities found in igneous, sedimentary,and metamorphic rocks. It is used in themanufacture of glass, abrasives, and cement,and also as a gemstone.
  19. 19. R is for…..RotationRotation describes the spinning of Earth onits axis. Earth takes approximately 24 hoursto make a complete rotation, which createsday and night.
  20. 20. S is for…..Surface Water Surface water is the water in streams, lakes, rivers, and all water that is on the surface of the ground.
  21. 21. T is for…..Tectonic Plates The two sub-layers of the earth’s crust (lithosphere) that move, float, and sometimes fracture and whose interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches.
  22. 22. U is for…..UniverseAll matter and energy, including theearth, the galaxies, and the contents ofintergalactic space, regarded as a whole.
  23. 23. V is for…..VolcanoVolcanoes are formed by the constant motionof tectonic plates. This movement createspressure that forces magma from the mantelto escape to the surface, creating anexplosion of lava, fire, and ash.
  24. 24. W is for…..WeatheringWeathering is the process of breaking downrock, soils, and minerals through natural,chemical, and biological processes. Two ofthe most common examples of physicalweathering are exfoliation (desert) andfreeze thaw (cracks,freezes,expands).
  25. 25. X is for…..XenonThe chemical element of atomic number 54, amember of the noble gas series. It isobtained by distillation of liquid air and issome specialized electric lamps.
  26. 26. Y is for…..YearThe period of time during which Earthcompletes a single revolution around the sun,consisting of 354 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes,and 12 seconds of mean solar time.
  27. 27. Z is for…..ZincA bluish-white, lustrous metallic element thatis brittle at room temperature but malleablewith heating. It has the atomic number 30.
  28. 28. Reference List• Rosado, A. Luis. (2010). The Best Teachers’ Preparation for the Texas 191 Generalist EC-6 Test. New Jersey. Research & Education Association.• (2012). (2012, July 14)