Situated learning and communities of practice

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Situated learning and communities of practice

  1. 1. Situated Learning and Communities of Practice Dr. Terry Carter, tjcarter@vcu.edu Virginia Commonwealth University
  2. 2. The Language of Situated Learning <ul><li>Communities of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimate peripheral participation </li></ul><ul><li>Situated learning, situated cognition, learning in situ </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive apprenticeships </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking in context, thinking embedded in context </li></ul><ul><li>Heuristic </li></ul><ul><li>Tools and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Enculturating environment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Language, con’t <ul><li>Novices, experts, and Just Plain Folks (JPFs) </li></ul><ul><li>Canonical practice </li></ul><ul><li>Dialectics </li></ul><ul><li>Narration, collaboration, and social construction of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Bricolage </li></ul><ul><li>Inert knowledge vs. robust knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations as communities of communities </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-organizational communities of practice </li></ul>
  4. 4. Four Major premises <ul><li>Learning is grounded in actions of everyday situations </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is acquired situationally and transfers only to similar situations </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a social process </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is not separated from action </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unique Factors in Situated Learning <ul><li>Students learn content through activities rather than by acquiring information as organized by instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Content is inherent in doing the task </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is dilemma-driven </li></ul><ul><li>Subject matter emerges from cues in the environment and from dialogue among the community </li></ul>
  6. 6. Content is embedded in … Context Community Participation
  7. 7. Traditional vs. Situated Learning <ul><li>Formal </li></ul><ul><li>Retention of new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher centered </li></ul><ul><li>Learning in individual mind </li></ul><ul><li>School activity </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring info in discrete packages </li></ul><ul><li>Content-driven </li></ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul><ul><li>Application of new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Participative/ cooperative </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory / community </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic situations </li></ul><ul><li>Unintentional (incidental </li></ul><ul><li>Learning content through activity </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of learning implicit in experience </li></ul>
  8. 8. Traditional vs. Situated Learning <ul><li>Formal </li></ul><ul><li>Retention of new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher centered </li></ul><ul><li>Learning in individual mind </li></ul><ul><li>School activity </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring info in discrete packages </li></ul><ul><li>Content-driven </li></ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul><ul><li>Application of new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Participative/ cooperative </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory / community </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic situations </li></ul><ul><li>Unintentional (incidental </li></ul><ul><li>Learning content through activity </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of learning implicit in experience </li></ul>

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