Paradoxes of Group Life Group Norms and Socialization processes ADLT 612 – Spring 2009 Class Session 3
Agenda <ul><li>Brief overview of our readings </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to the Paradoxes of Belonging: The paradox of...
Questions to Consider <ul><li>What does belonging to a group entail? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the conflicting and contra...
What is a paradox? <ul><li>A  paradox  is a statement of conclusion that seems self-contradictory or absurd but is really ...
The Paradox of Identity <ul><li>This paradox examines the link between individual identity and group identity: </li></ul><...
The Paradox of Identity, continued <ul><li>Similarly, the group as a whole often expresses concern over whether its purpos...
Group Norms <ul><li>Norms are informal ground rules that provide guidelines concerning appropriate and inappropriate behav...
Group Norms, continued <ul><li>The group’s response to deviant behavior is to keep it in check. </li></ul><ul><li>Since th...
Paradox of Identity <ul><li>A paradoxical approach to identity conceptualizes the processes through which both the individ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Paradoxes Of Group Life Class Session 3

3,408 views
2,930 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,408
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Paradoxes Of Group Life Class Session 3

  1. 1. Paradoxes of Group Life Group Norms and Socialization processes ADLT 612 – Spring 2009 Class Session 3
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Brief overview of our readings </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to the Paradoxes of Belonging: The paradox of Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Viewing of “Twelve Angry Men” </li></ul><ul><li>Teams meet to discuss </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questions to Consider <ul><li>What does belonging to a group entail? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the conflicting and contradictory emotions aroused by belonging to a group? </li></ul><ul><li>What must the individual give up in order to belong? …does this change as the group changes? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it mean to be “in” a group? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a paradox? <ul><li>A paradox is a statement of conclusion that seems self-contradictory or absurd but is really true. </li></ul><ul><li>Smith and Berg describe a series of paradoxes about group life in their text. </li></ul><ul><li>Our focus tonight is on the paradoxes of belonging: Identity, Involvement, Individuality, and Boundaries </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Paradox of Identity <ul><li>This paradox examines the link between individual identity and group identity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which one comes first? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which determines the other? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The paradox of identity is the struggle of individuals and the group to establish a unique and meaningful identity in which each is an integral part of the other. </li></ul><ul><li>When individuals approach a group, they struggle with what they are going to have to “give up” in order to belong to the group. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Paradox of Identity, continued <ul><li>Similarly, the group as a whole often expresses concern over whether its purposes can be accomplished given the members that compose the group. </li></ul><ul><li>These twin dilemmas mean that individuals are continually looking for “good” groups to join (i.e., ones in which their individuality will be minimally compromised) …. </li></ul><ul><li>… . While groups are looking for members who are willing to put the group concerns ahead of individual interests. </li></ul><ul><li>These dilemmas are often expressed in “either/or” terms. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Group Norms <ul><li>Norms are informal ground rules that provide guidelines concerning appropriate and inappropriate behavior in a group. </li></ul><ul><li>Norms are implicitly understood by members </li></ul><ul><li>They are always operating beneath the surface and form the “character” of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>When there is conflict between how an individual wishes to act and how the norms prescribe he/she “should” act, the pressure is always on the individual to change and adapt to the group. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Group Norms, continued <ul><li>The group’s response to deviant behavior is to keep it in check. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the deviance seems counter to group norms, the group is unable to see that its very norms created the deviant behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>If the group sees the deviancy not as expression of the group itself, but as a characteristic of the individual, then it may elect to eliminate the individual from the group. </li></ul><ul><li>In rejecting the deviant from the group, the group is rejecting self-knowledge of itself. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Paradox of Identity <ul><li>A paradoxical approach to identity conceptualizes the processes through which both the individual and the group identity are formed as one and the same. </li></ul><ul><li>The paradox of identity conceives of the individual as deriving meaning from the group, while at the same time, the group derives meaning from the individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, individuals create, and are created by, the groups to which they belong. </li></ul>

×