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Groups and teams intro for first adlt 612 class session jan 23, 2012
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Groups and teams intro for first adlt 612 class session jan 23, 2012


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  • 1. An Introduction to Groupsand TeamsBased on the works of Levi (2011) and Edgar Schein (2011)
  • 2. Agenda for January 23 Welcome and brief introductions Checking Your Groups andBegin viewing Teams IQTwelve Angry Men Review of Syllabus and Assignments, i Shoebox ncluding Exercise blogs, the wiki, and Google+ Introduction to Groups and Teams assigned Teams
  • 3. Assignments Three reaction papers on Paradoxes - 5% each Team learning activity /Included in presentation –participation 20%• Shoebox• Team Charter• Team member roles Team facilitation exercises – 20% Participation and Involvement – Final paper – 25% 20%
  • 4. Use of blogs, wikis, and Google+Blogs • Set up your own •,,, or the VCU blog • 5 individual posts throughout the semester and 3 comments on blogs of your triad / quadThe Class Wiki • In lieu of Bb, except for grades • http://groupsandteams2012.pbworks.comGoogle+ ( • Advising • Need Gmail account • Set up Google+ account
  • 5. Issues Encountered When inEntering a New Group Identity - Who am I to be? Control & Influence - Will I be able to control and influence others? Needs & Goals - Will the group goals include my own needs? Acceptance & Intimacy - Will I be liked and accepted by the group?
  • 6. Self-Oriented Coping Responses  “Tough” responses: fighting, controlling, and resisting authority  “Tender” responses: supporting, helping, forming alliances, dependency  Withdrawal or denial responses: passivity, indifference, overuse of “logic and reason”
  • 7. Group Development First, a period of self-oriented behavior As self-oriented concerns are addressed, people pay more attention to each other and the task at hand The work of “building” the group occurs simultaneously with task accomplishment
  • 8. Questions Asked by New Team Members Am I in or out? Do I have any power or control? Can I use, develop, and be appreciated for my skills and resources?
  • 9. Tuckman’s Stages of GroupDevelopment  Forming  Storming  Norming  Performing  Adjourning
  • 10. Task DimensionsThe relationship between groupmembers and the task they are toperform. Task refers to the job they haveto do and how they go about doing it.
  • 11. Process dimensionsThe relationships of group members withone another -- how they feel toward oneanother and how they feel about theirmembership in the group.
  • 12. Task and Process Dimensions Highly interdependent in practice; without both dimensions, group process does not exist Task output is productivity Process output is cohesiveness
  • 13. Relationship Between Cohesivenessand Productivity Cohesiveness
  • 14. Promoting Cohesiveness inGroups Encourage interpersonal attraction through attitudinal similarity Increase contact time Build perceptions of others as likeable Create opportunities for self-disclosure Promote group identification
  • 15. Cohesiveness in Groups, con’t Create history Accomplish something Develop relationships and shared norms Promote acceptance of all members Encourage external threats
  • 16. An Effective Team Possesses... Adequate mechanisms for getting feedback Optimal cohesion Flexible organization and procedures Maximum use of member resources Clear communications Clear goals accepted by all members Feelings of interdependence Shared participation in leadership functions, including decision making Acceptance of minority views and persons