An Introduction to Groupsand TeamsBased on the works of Levi (2011) and Edgar Schein (2011)
Agenda for January 23 Welcome and brief introductions Checking Your Groups andBegin viewing Teams IQTwelve Angry Men Review of Syllabus and Assignments, i Shoebox ncluding Exercise blogs, the wiki, and Google+ Introduction to Groups and Teams assigned Teams
Assignments Three reaction papers on Paradoxes - 5% each Team learning activity /Included in presentation –participation 20%• Shoebox• Team Charter• Team member roles Team facilitation exercises – 20% Participation and Involvement – Final paper – 25% 20%
Use of blogs, wikis, and Google+Blogs • Set up your own • Edublogs.org, Wordpress.com, Blogger.com, or the VCU blog • 5 individual posts throughout the semester and 3 comments on blogs of your triad / quadThe Class Wiki • In lieu of Bb, except for grades • http://groupsandteams2012.pbworks.comGoogle+ (http://plus.google.com) • Advising • Need Gmail account • Set up Google+ account
Issues Encountered When inEntering a New Group Identity - Who am I to be? Control & Influence - Will I be able to control and influence others? Needs & Goals - Will the group goals include my own needs? Acceptance & Intimacy - Will I be liked and accepted by the group?
Self-Oriented Coping Responses “Tough” responses: fighting, controlling, and resisting authority “Tender” responses: supporting, helping, forming alliances, dependency Withdrawal or denial responses: passivity, indifference, overuse of “logic and reason”
Group Development First, a period of self-oriented behavior As self-oriented concerns are addressed, people pay more attention to each other and the task at hand The work of “building” the group occurs simultaneously with task accomplishment
Questions Asked by New Team Members Am I in or out? Do I have any power or control? Can I use, develop, and be appreciated for my skills and resources?
Task DimensionsThe relationship between groupmembers and the task they are toperform. Task refers to the job they haveto do and how they go about doing it.
Process dimensionsThe relationships of group members withone another -- how they feel toward oneanother and how they feel about theirmembership in the group.
Task and Process Dimensions Highly interdependent in practice; without both dimensions, group process does not exist Task output is productivity Process output is cohesiveness
Relationship Between Cohesivenessand Productivity Cohesiveness
Promoting Cohesiveness inGroups Encourage interpersonal attraction through attitudinal similarity Increase contact time Build perceptions of others as likeable Create opportunities for self-disclosure Promote group identification
Cohesiveness in Groups, con’t Create history Accomplish something Develop relationships and shared norms Promote acceptance of all members Encourage external threats
An Effective Team Possesses... Adequate mechanisms for getting feedback Optimal cohesion Flexible organization and procedures Maximum use of member resources Clear communications Clear goals accepted by all members Feelings of interdependence Shared participation in leadership functions, including decision making Acceptance of minority views and persons