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Class 8 Theoretical Orientations Overview Plus Social Learning And Constructivist
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Class 8 Theoretical Orientations Overview Plus Social Learning And Constructivist



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  • 1. Learning Philosophies or Theoretical Orientations
    • Class Session 8
    • ADLT 601
  • 2.  
  • 3. Orientations
    • Behaviorist
    • Cognitivist
    • Humanist
    • Social learning / social cognitivist
    • Constructivist
  • 4. The Relationship of Theory to Action
    • Theory without action leads to an empty idealism, action without philosophical reflection leads to mindless activity.
    • Elias, J. L., & Merriam, S. B. (1995). Philosophical foundations of adult education (2nd Ed.). Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing.
  • 5. Behaviorism - Assumptions
    • Focus on observable behavior
    • Belief that environment shapes behavior
    • Principles of contiguity and reinforcement
  • 6. Behaviorism
    • Contiguity - how close in time two events must be for a bond to be formed
    • Reinforcement - Any means of increasing the likelihood that an event will be repeated
  • 7. Thorndike
  • 8. Skinner
  • 9. Cognitive Orientation
    • Learning is a cognitive phenomenon.
    • An individual comes to see a solution after thinking about a problem – “Ah ha!”
    • We rework a problem in our minds until we arrive at a solution, until we gain insight into the problem.
  • 10. Humanism
    • Learning from the perspective of human potential for growth.
    • People are good and will strive for a better world.
    • People are free to act.
    • Behavior is the consequence of human choice.
    • People possess unlimited potential for growth and development.
  • 11. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
    • Self-Actualization
    • Self-Esteem
    • Belonging and love
    • Security
    • Physiological
  • 12. Social Learning (also called the Social Cognitivist Orientation
    • Combines elements of behaviorist and cognitivist approaches
    • Learning from observation, modeling
  • 13. Group Exercise on Mentoring
    • Each group will have one of the articles / readings to review (25 minutes)
    • Report on what you see as the main ideas about mentoring for social learning theory (social cognitivism).
    • 15 minutes to prepare to prepare a flip chart with 3-5 main points; report out.
  • 14. Social Learning
  • 15. Constructivism
  • 16. Constructivism
    • Individual or personal constructivism – internal cognitive activity. We develop our own individual knowledge schemes.
    • Social constructivism – learning is constructed when individuals interact. Making meaning is a dialogic process.
  • 17.  
  • 18.