Class 3 knowles principles of andragogy

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Class 3 knowles principles of andragogy

  1. 1. Knowles’ Principles of Andragogy The learners feel a need to learn The learning environment is characterized by mutualrespect and trust and acceptance of differences The learners perceive the goals of the learningexperience to be their goals The learners share responsibility for planning The learners participate actively The learning process makes use of learners’ experiences The learners have a sense of progress towards goals
  2. 2. Pedagogical AndragogicalAssumptions Assumptions Postponed timeapplication Subject-centeredorientation to learning Self concept is one ofdependency Experience is of littlevalue Readiness to learndepends on biologicaldevelopment Immediacy of timeapplication Problem centered orientationto learning Self concept is towardincreasing self-directedness Learners are a rich resourcefor learning Readiness depends ondevelopmental tasks of socialroles
  3. 3. Pedagogical AndragogicalDesign Factors Design Factors Teacher formulates objectives Material is studied by contentunits Transmittal techniques used Evaluation by teacher Authority oriented, formalclimate, often competitive Teacher plans learningexperience Teacher diagnoses needs Teacher evaluates Mutual negotiation of objectives Material sequenced in terms oflearner readiness Experiential, inquiry techniques Mutual evaluation Climate characterized bymutuality, respect, collaboration,and informality Mutually planned learningexperience Mutual self-diagnosis of needs Mutual evaluation
  4. 4. Grow’s Stages in Learning AutonomyStage Student Teacher ExamplesStage 1 Dependent Authority,coachCoaching withimmediate feedback,drill. Informationallecture. Overcomingdeficiencies andresistanceStage 2 Interested Motivator,guideInspiring lecture plusguided discussion;goal-setting andlearning strategiesStage 3 Involved FacilitatorDiscussion facilitatedby teacher whoparticipates as anequalStage 4 Self-directed Consultant,delegatorSelf-directed workgroup, dissertation,internship
  5. 5. Kolb’s Model with Suggested LearningStrategiesKolb’s Stage Example Learning/TeachingStrategyConcrete Experience Simulation, Case Study,Field trip, Real Experience,DemonstrationsObserve and Reflect Discussion, Small Groups,Designated ObserversAbstract Conceptualization Sharing ContentActive Experimentation Laboratory Experiences,On-the-Job Experience,Internships, PracticeSessions
  6. 6. Kolb’s Model with Suggested LearningStrategiesKolb’s Stage Example Learning/TeachingStrategyConcrete Experience Simulation, Case Study,Field trip, Real Experience,DemonstrationsObserve and Reflect Discussion, Small Groups,Designated ObserversAbstract Conceptualization Sharing ContentActive Experimentation Laboratory Experiences,On-the-Job Experience,Internships, PracticeSessions

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