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Adlt 601 Self Directed Learning Class 6 Fall 2009
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Adlt 601 Self Directed Learning Class 6 Fall 2009


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  • 1. Self-Directed Learning Theories ADLT 601 – Class 6 Fall 2009
  • 2. Agenda for Today
    • Discussion of the nature of self-directed learning
      • Small groups: Your own self-directed learning experiences
      • Grow’s stages of learner autonomy
      • Pratt’s model of learner needs for direction and support
    • An exercise in writing a learning contract
  • 3. Questions to Consider
    • Are most adults self-directed learners?
    • Why are some people more likely to engage in self-directed learning projects than others?
    • Do we become more self-directed as we age? What factors does self-directed learning depend upon?
  • 4. Readiness to Learn
    • Adults are ready to learn when their life situation creates a need to know
    • Most learning experiences are, therefore, highly situational and a person can exhibit different learning behaviors in different situations
    • A learner can be confident and self-directed in one situation but dependent and unsure in another
  • 5. Grow’s Stages of Learner Autonomy Stage Student Teacher Examples Stage 1 Dependent Authority, Coach Coaching with immediate feedback, drill. Informational lecture. Over- coming deficiencies and resistance. Stage 2 Interested Motivator, Guide Inspiring lecture plus guided discussion. Goal- setting and learning strategies.
  • 6. Grow’s Stages of Learner Autonomy Stage Student Teacher Examples Stage 3 Involved Facilitator Discussion facilitated by teacher who participates as equal Stage 4 Self-directed Consultant, Internship, Delegator dissertation, individual work or self-directed study group
  • 7. Pratt’s Model of Readiness to Learn (1988) Need for Direction Need for Support Low High High Learner needs direction and support for learning; lacks competence and confidence Learner needs direction (new task) but is self-motivated and doesn’t need a lot of support Learners who have ability but want reassurance True self-directed learners; can provide their own support and direction 1
  • 8. Allen Tough’s Learning Contracts
    • According to Tough, what constitutes a self-initiated learning project?
    • How many of these self-directed efforts are learners likely to engage in each year?
    • Think of a self-initiated learning goal that you intend to undertake during the next 12 months
    • Practice writing a contract for this effort. How did you know when you were successful?