Adults are ready to learn when their life situation creates a need to know
Most learning experiences are, therefore, highly situational and a person can exhibit different learning behaviors in different situations
A learner can be confident and self-directed in one situation but dependent and unsure in another
Grow’s Stages of Learner Autonomy Stage Student Teacher Examples Stage 1 Dependent Authority, Coach Coaching with immediate feedback, drill. Informational lecture. Over- coming deficiencies and resistance. Stage 2 Interested Motivator, Guide Inspiring lecture plus guided discussion. Goal- setting and learning strategies.
Grow’s Stages of Learner Autonomy Stage Student Teacher Examples Stage 3 Involved Facilitator Discussion facilitated by teacher who participates as equal Stage 4 Self-directed Consultant, Internship, Delegator dissertation, individual work or self-directed study group
Pratt’s Model of Readiness to Learn (1988) Need for Direction Need for Support Low High High Learner needs direction and support for learning; lacks competence and confidence Learner needs direction (new task) but is self-motivated and doesn’t need a lot of support Learners who have ability but want reassurance True self-directed learners; can provide their own support and direction 1