1. Self-Directed Learning Theories ADLT 601 – Class 6 Fall 2009
2. Agenda for Today <ul><li>Discussion of the nature of self-directed learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small groups: Your own self-directed learning experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grow’s stages of learner autonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pratt’s model of learner needs for direction and support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An exercise in writing a learning contract </li></ul>
3. Questions to Consider <ul><li>Are most adults self-directed learners? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are some people more likely to engage in self-directed learning projects than others? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we become more self-directed as we age? What factors does self-directed learning depend upon? </li></ul>
4. Readiness to Learn <ul><li>Adults are ready to learn when their life situation creates a need to know </li></ul><ul><li>Most learning experiences are, therefore, highly situational and a person can exhibit different learning behaviors in different situations </li></ul><ul><li>A learner can be confident and self-directed in one situation but dependent and unsure in another </li></ul>
5. Grow’s Stages of Learner Autonomy Stage Student Teacher Examples Stage 1 Dependent Authority, Coach Coaching with immediate feedback, drill. Informational lecture. Over- coming deficiencies and resistance. Stage 2 Interested Motivator, Guide Inspiring lecture plus guided discussion. Goal- setting and learning strategies.
6. Grow’s Stages of Learner Autonomy Stage Student Teacher Examples Stage 3 Involved Facilitator Discussion facilitated by teacher who participates as equal Stage 4 Self-directed Consultant, Internship, Delegator dissertation, individual work or self-directed study group
7. Pratt’s Model of Readiness to Learn (1988) Need for Direction Need for Support Low High High Learner needs direction and support for learning; lacks competence and confidence Learner needs direction (new task) but is self-motivated and doesn’t need a lot of support Learners who have ability but want reassurance True self-directed learners; can provide their own support and direction 1
8. Allen Tough’s Learning Contracts <ul><li>According to Tough, what constitutes a self-initiated learning project? </li></ul><ul><li>How many of these self-directed efforts are learners likely to engage in each year? </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a self-initiated learning goal that you intend to undertake during the next 12 months </li></ul><ul><li>Practice writing a contract for this effort. How did you know when you were successful? </li></ul>