• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
OER Policy and Development
 

OER Policy and Development

on

  • 505 views

Talk given at the Virtual Schools Symposium on October 23, 2012 in New Orleans, LA

Talk given at the Virtual Schools Symposium on October 23, 2012 in New Orleans, LA

Statistics

Views

Total Views
505
Views on SlideShare
505
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC By Photo by http://www.flickr.com/photos/gianvc/3544738106/
  • What kinds of educational resources can be openly licensed?Textual materialPicturesVideosEntire courses
  • Contrary to other states like Washington and California, Utah's leadership in OER at the K12 level has been driven by personnel in the State Office and by individuals and schools like David Wiley who founded the Open High School of Utah and runs the Open Education Group at BYU Utah's state legislature has yet to provide any leadership in this areaOur statewide open science textbook initiative will have over 75,000 students in it next yearOHSU is in the top 10% of high schools in the state on CRT scoresBut this has all been done without help from the legislature.The State Office of Education, people like Wiley, etc., would love to work with the State Legislature to push further and faster
  • OHSU in top 10% on CRT scores
  • All of this so far has been done withouthelp from the legislature.The State Office of Education, participating districts and organizations like the Open Education Group would love to work with the State Legislature to push the Open Textbook Project further and faster – as well as work on

OER Policy and Development OER Policy and Development Presentation Transcript

  • Open Educational Resources Policy and Development TJ Bliss Rep. Scott Hochberg This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Slides 2-38 attributed to David Wiley
  • Education Is Sharing the technical argument
  • Education Is Sharing the technical argument
  • Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  • Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  • If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  • Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  • Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  • Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  • Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
  • When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  • E.g., Online BookWe can all read simultaneously
  • An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  • Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without being given away
  • Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  • Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  • What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  • Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.90• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  • Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by Internet - $0.00072
  • Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  • Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
  • Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  • Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  • Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  • Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  • Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  • © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  • Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  • use copyright to enforce sharing
  • The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  • Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
  • Image Credit:
  • Image Credits: ck12.org; yale.edu;
  • The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
  • Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  • OER Policy What is it?Why is it needed?
  • OER Policy • Allows copyright retention • Funds development • Materials definition • Grants adoption authority• Encourages/supports adoption
  • K-12 State Policies Georgia Virtual Learning OER terms of use (GA) H.B. 2336 (WA) – Form advisory committee on state-led OCW H.B. 2337 (WA) – Creation of state-led OCW H.B. 6 (TX) – Instructional Materials Allotment L.D. 569 (ME) – Establishes clearinghouse for info on use of OER (K12)Rule R277-111 (UT) – Educators may use CC license on materials produced (K12) S.B. 6231 (WA) – Appropriation of textbook funds to OER development (K12) H.B. 1941 (VA) – Permission for state employees to use CC licenses H.B. 2488 (TX) – Relating to OER adoption in public schools S.B. 6460 (WA) – Requires model policy for open licensing of courseware
  • Three Unique Cases Washington Utah Texas
  • Washington Legislative SupportState Board of Education Support Statewide Initiatives
  • Washington H.B. 2337• Requires CCSSO to take lead in developing openly licensed courseware• Allocates 1.5% of state instructional materials budget to content development
  • Washington OSPI• Full-time staff dedicated to implementation• Project development• Advisory committee• Ongoing communication with legislators
  • Potential in Washington• 294 districts• 1 million K-12 students• $130 million textbook budget• $6 million per book per grade• A few adoptions in a few districts = $$$ saved• 1-million student-owned books – Take home – Annotate – Highlight
  • UtahState Board of Education Support OER ExpertiseDistrict and Statewide Initiatives
  • Utah R277-111-3• Educators may share materials for noncommercial use under CC license• Educators do need permission to share personally developed materials• Educators may not sell materials developed with public funds (i.e. developed within scope of employment)
  • OER Drivers in Utah• Individuals – State Board personnel – Education researchers (Open Education Group)• Schools – Open High School of Utah• Districts – Nebo
  • Utah Open Textbook Project• 3,000 students using open science texts in 2012• $5 per book• Realized cost savings = $15,000• Science expanding to 75,000 students in 2013• Potential 7-year savings: – Science only = $3 million – Science plus other core subjects = $10 million• The student benefit
  • TexasLegislative Policy
  • Rep. Scott Hochberg Texas H.B. 2488
  • iNACOL OER Policy Fellowship• Research and Authoring Two Reports 1. OER Policy Models, Strategies and Recommendations • Practical guide for policymakers related to policies supporting adoption, use, and development of OER
  • Are you aware of any policies related toOER at the school, district, or state levels?
  • iNACOL OER Policy Fellowship• Research and Authoring Two Reports 1. OER Policy Models, Strategies and Recommendations • Practical guide for policymakers related to policies supporting adoption, use, and development of OER 2. OER Collaborative Development Guide • Practical guide for states, districts, and schools for content development in the context of the common core.
  • Collaborative Content Development Guide – Why it’s important to use/develop OER – How and why on getting started – Lessons learned from past/current initiatives – Steps to take – Recommendations – Resources
  • Are you aware of any past or currentcontent development initiatives that areusing open educational resources (OER)?
  • iNACOL OER Policy Fellow TJ Bliss tjbliss@inacol.org