Us History 1607 To 1877 Course Overview

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This PowerPoint Show introduces all of the topics that will be covered in our 8th grade US History class this year.

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Us History 1607 To 1877 Course Overview

  1. 1. Instructions: Press the “F5” key to start the show if it doesn’t launch automatically. Right-Arrow  to move forward. Left-Arrow  to move backward. HOME brings you to this slide. END takes you to the last slide. Type a slide number and press ENTER to jump to a specific slide. Call me if you need help: 361.779.9574
  2. 2. US History 1607 to 1877 Course Overview
  3. 3. 6 Key Dates (Slide 4) 6 Eras (Slides 6-44) 10 Territories (Slides 46-64) 36 Important People (Slides 66-85) 5 Wars (Slides 87-91) 11 Documents (Slides 93-103) 24 Inventions (Slides 105-132) The First 18 Presidents (Slide 134) Social Studies TAKS Test: Friday, 5-1-9 The Rest of the Presidents
  4. 4. 6 Key Dates 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1776 1787 1803 1861 to 1865 1607: Jamestown, VA First permanent English settlement 1776: DOI Declaration of Independence 1787: USC United States Constitution 1803: LA Purchase Louisiana Purchase 1861 to 1865: CW Civil War 1877: End of REC Federal troops removed from the South
  5. 5. 6 Key Dates (Slide 4) 6 Eras (Slides 6-44) 10 Territories (Slides 46-64) 36 Important People (Slides 66-85) 5 Wars (Slides 87-91) 11 Documents (Slides 93-103) 24 Inventions (Slides 105-132) The First 18 Presidents (Slide 134) Social Studies TAKS Test: Friday, 5-1-9 The Rest of the Presidents
  6. 6. 6 Eras 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1607: Jamestown, VA First permanent English settlement 1877: End of REC Federal troops removed from the South 270 Years
  7. 7. 6 Eras REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 COL = Colonization REV = Revolution BaN = Building a Nation GnR = Growth and Reform CW = Civil War REC = Reconstruction
  8. 8. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 156 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  9. 9. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) England planted the Original 13 Colonies along the Atlantic Coast of North America. 1 st Colony 1607 VA (Jamestown) 2 nd Colony 1620 MA (Plymouth Rock) 12 th Colony 1682 PA (Philadelphia) 13 th Colony 1733 GA (Savannah)
  10. 10. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) The Original 13 Colonies were squeezed between the Atlantic Ocean and the Appalachian Mountains. Needing room to grow, the Colonists crossed the Appalachian Mountains and tried to take land that was claimed by the French and the Indians in the Ohio River Valley. This caused the French and Indian War.
  11. 11. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) In 1754 Benjamin Franklin told the Colonists: “ Join or Die” (Albany Plan of Union) But the Colonies refused to give up their power to a central government. In 1754 George Washington served as a Colonel leading a regiment of Virginia militia against the French and the Indians. He lost the fight.
  12. 12. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) In 1756 the King of England declared war on France and sent more troops to America to defend the Colonists from the French and the Indians. The King ran up a huge debt defending the Colonists.  This debt led to the Revolution. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 marked the end of the French and Indian War and the end of the Colonization Era.
  13. 13. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 156 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1 st Colony – Jamestown, VA Treaty of Paris of 1763
  14. 14. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 20 Yrs
  15. 15. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) In 1763 the King of England, King George III, issued the Proclamation of 1763 in which he told the colonists: “ Do not cross the Appalachian Mountains!” This angered the colonists. (Why?) They thought that winning the French and Indian War would give them access to the Ohio River Valley.
  16. 16. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) In 1764 King George III decided that the Colonists should help pay off the debt that England had incurred in defending the Colonies from the French and the Indians, so he began raising their taxes. Acts of Parliament that taxed the Colonies: Sugar Act (1764) Stamp Act (1765) Declaratory Act (1766) Townshend Acts (1767) Tea Act (1773) Coercive Acts (1774) Etc, Etc, Etc . . .
  17. 17. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) Parliament passed Acts that raised their taxes, but Colonists did not get to elect Members of Parliament. This led to the battle-cry: “ No Taxation without Representation!” The King could have avoided Revolution by lowering taxes or by allowing the Colonists to elect Members of Parliament. He did neither.
  18. 18. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) In 1776 the Colonies declared their independence. In 1777 the Colonies wrote our 1 st constitution: Articles of Confederation (1777/1781) In 1781 Washington defeated Cornwallis at Yorktown, VA. In 1783 the British signed the Treaty of Paris of 1783 acknowledging that the Colonies were “ Free and Independent States.”
  19. 19. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 20 Yrs Proclamation of 1763 Treaty of Paris of 1783
  20. 20. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) BaN 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 20 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  21. 21. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) Now that the Colonies were “ Free and Independent States” they had to figure out how to be a “ Nation.” In 1777 they had written our 1 st constitution: Articles of Confederation (1777/1781) But the Articles created a central government that was too weak.
  22. 22. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) In 1787 they wrote the US Constitution (USC), which was ratified in 1788, creating a much stronger central government. In 1789 George Washington became our 1 st President. Also in 1789 they made 10 changes to the USC. These first ten changes ( aka amendments ), which were ratified in 1791, are called the Bill of Rights.
  23. 23. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) Our 1 st President, George Washington (VA), served for 8 years (1789 to 1797). Our 2 nd President, John Adams (MA), served for 4 years (1797 to 1801). Our 3 rd President, Thomas Jefferson (VA), served for 8 years (1801 to 1809).
  24. 24. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) BaN 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 20 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Treaty of Paris of 1783 Louisiana Purchase
  25. 25. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 58 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  26. 26. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) In just 50 years – from 1803 to 1853 – the United States expanded “from sea to shining sea” thereby fulfilling our “Manifest Destiny.” The growth began in 1803 when President Thomas Jefferson (#3) obtained the Louisiana Purchase from France, doubling the size of the country, and moving our western border from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.
  27. 27. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) In just 50 years – from 1803 to 1853 – the United States expanded “from sea to shining sea” thereby fulfilling our “Manifest Destiny.” The growth was completed in 1853 when President Franklin Pierce (#14) obtained the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, completing the contiguous continental United States. “ Purchase to Purchase = 50 Years”
  28. 28. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) This growth raised 2 questions: Would there be slavery in the new territories? Who would make that decision? The people in each State and Territory? OR The Federal Government in Washington, DC? This is referred to as the “States’ Rights” issue.
  29. 29. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) This growth also triggered 4 reform movements: Movement #1 = Abolition End Slavery Movement #2 = Suffrage Equal Rights for Women (ESP: The right to vote!)
  30. 30. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) This growth also triggered 4 reform movements: Movement #3 = Temperance Stop Drinking Movement #4 = Education Free Public Schools for Everyone
  31. 31. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 58 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Louisiana Purchase Confederates fired on Fort Sumter, SC
  32. 32. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) CW 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 4 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  33. 33. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) In November of 1860 Abraham Lincoln (#16) was elected US President. In December of 1860 South Carolina (SC) seceded from the Union. In February of 1861 SC and 6 other states (GA, FL, AL, MS, LA, and TX) formed the Confederate States of America (CSA) electing Jefferson Davis as their 1 st (and only) President.
  34. 34. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) In March of 1861 Abraham Lincoln (#16) was inaugurated as US President. In April of 1861 Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter, SC. The Civil War had begun! In July of 1861 the first major battle of the Civil War was fought near Bull Run Creek (Manassas) in VA.
  35. 35. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) In January of 1863 President Abraham Lincoln (#16) issued the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation changed the focus of the war: It had started – in 1861 – as a war to preserve the Union. It now – in 1863 – became a war to end slavery.
  36. 36. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) In July of 1863 the Union won two major battles that marked the turning point of the war: The Union victory at Gettysburg, PA stopped Robert E. Lee’s final advance into the North. The Union victory at Vicksburg, MS gave the Union control of the Mississippi River.
  37. 37. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) In April of 1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, VA. The Civil War had ended! President Abraham Lincoln (#16) was assassinated 5 days later.
  38. 38. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) CW 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 4 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Confederates fired on Fort Sumter, SC Lee surrendered to Grant
  39. 39. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) REC 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  40. 40. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) It took 4 years of Civil War to tear the country apart. It took 12 years of Reconstruction to sew it back together. re = again construct = to build reconstruct = to build again Reconstruction: Rebuilding the nation that had been torn apart by Civil War.
  41. 41. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) One of the main issues during Reconstruction was the question of how to deal with the South: Should the South be punished for having caused the war? OR Should the North “forgive and forget”? President Andrew Johnson (#17) said “forgive and forget” . . . but the Radical Republicans in Congress disagreed.
  42. 42. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) The other main issue during Reconstruction was the question of how to deal with the former slaves: 13 th Amendment (1865) Ended Slavery 14 th Amendment (1868) Defined the Rights of Citizenship 15 Amendment (1870) Guaranteed the Right to Vote to ALL MEN
  43. 43. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) President Ulysses S. Grant (#18) sent Federal troops to the South to suppress the terrorist organization known as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). It worked! The KKK was stopped, for a while . . . In 1877 President Rutherford B. Hayes (#19) removed the last of the Federal troops from the south, marking the end of Reconstruction.
  44. 44. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) REC 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 270 Years 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Lee surrendered to Grant Federal troops removed from the South
  45. 45.
  46. 46. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Original 13 Colonies 1607 to 1763 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  47. 47. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 USA 1783 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  48. 48. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 USA 1783 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  49. 49. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Louisiana Purchase 1803 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  50. 50. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Louisiana Purchase 1803 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  51. 51. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Florida Territory 1819 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  52. 52. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Florida Territory 1819 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  53. 53. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Texas 1845 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  54. 54. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Texas 1845 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  55. 55. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Oregon Territory 1846 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  56. 56. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Oregon Territory 1846 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  57. 57. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Mexican Cession 1848 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  58. 58. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Mexican Cession 1848 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  59. 59. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Gadsden Purchase 1853 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  60. 60. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Gadsden Purchase 1853 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  61. 61. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Alaska Territory 1867 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  62. 62. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Alaska Territory 1867 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  63. 63. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Hawaii Territory 1898 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  64. 64. 10 Territories REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Hawaii Territory 1898 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  65. 65.
  66. 66. Colonization (COL) 1607 to 1763 (156 Years) COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 William Penn Benjamin Franklin George Washington 1-3 of 3
  67. 67. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Benjamin Franklin George Washington John Adams 1-3 of 15
  68. 68. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Samuel Adams John Hancock King George III 4-6 of 15
  69. 69. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Patrick Henry Thomas Paine Thomas Jefferson 7-9 of 15
  70. 70. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Roger Sherman John Jay Alexander Hamilton 10-12 of 15
  71. 71. Revolution (REV) 1763 to 1783 (20 Years) REV 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 John Paul Jones Marquis de Lafayette James Monroe 13-15 of 15
  72. 72. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) BaN 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1-3 of 12 Benjamin Franklin Roger Sherman John Marshall
  73. 73. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) BaN 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 4-6 of 12 James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay
  74. 74. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) BaN 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 7-9 of 12 Patrick Henry George Mason James Monroe
  75. 75. Building a Nation (BaN) 1783 to 1803 (20 Years) BaN 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 10-12 of 12 #1 – George Washington #2 – John Adams #3 – Thomas Jefferson
  76. 76. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1-3 of 21 #3 – Thomas Jefferson #4 – James Madison #5 – James Monroe
  77. 77. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 4-6 of 21 #6 – John Quincy Adams #7 – Andrew Jackson #11 – James K. Polk
  78. 78. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 7-9 of 21 Daniel Webster Henry Clay John C. Calhoun
  79. 79. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 10-12 of 21 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony Harriet Beecher Stowe
  80. 80. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 13-15 of 21 Sojourner Truth Henry David Thoreau Horace Mann
  81. 81. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 16-18 of 21 Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis
  82. 82. Growth and Reform (GnR) 1803 to 1861 (58 Years) GnR 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 19-21 of 21 John Marshall Frederick Douglass Abraham Lincoln
  83. 83. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) CW 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1-3 of 5 #16 – Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant Frederick Douglass
  84. 84. Civil War (CW) 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) CW 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 4-5 of 5 #1 (CSA) Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee
  85. 85. Reconstruction (REC) 1865 to 1877 (12 Years) REC 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1 of 1 #18 – Ulysses S. Grant
  86. 86.
  87. 87. 5 Wars REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 French and Indian War 1754 to 1763 (9 Years) 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 British and Colonists defeated French and Indians Ending Event = Treaty of Paris of 1763
  88. 88. 5 Wars REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Revolutionary War 1775 to 1783 (8 Years) 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Patriots and French defeated Loyalists and British Ending Event = Treaty of Paris of 1783
  89. 89. 5 Wars REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 War of 1812 1812 to 1815 (3 Years) 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Americans defeated British Ending Event = Treaty of Ghent in 1814
  90. 90. 5 Wars REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 War with Mexico 1846 to 1848 (2 Years) 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Americans defeated Mexicans Ending Event = Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848
  91. 91. 5 Wars REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Civil War 1861 to 1865 (4 Years) 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Union defeated Confederacy North defeated South Blue defeated Gray Yankees defeated Rebels Ending Event = Lee surrendered to Grant in 1865
  92. 92.
  93. 93. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Magna Carta 1215 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Limited Government Due Process of Law Trial by Jury
  94. 94. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Mayflower Compact 1620 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Social Contract for Self-Government Town Hall Meetings Majority Rule
  95. 95. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1639 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1 st Written Constitution in North America But it only applied to one Colony – Connecticut
  96. 96. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 English Bill of Rights 1689 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Served as a model for the US Bill of Rights The US Bill of Rights was written in 1789 – exactly 100 years later!
  97. 97. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Declaration of Independence 1776 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Explained why the Colonies were separating from England
  98. 98. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Articles of Confederation 1777 / 1781 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1 st Constitution for the United States of America But it created a central government that was too weak.
  99. 99. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Northwest Ordinance 1787 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Established the criteria by which territories could become states. Guaranteed Religious Freedom Banned Slavery
  100. 100. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 US Constitution 1787 / 1788 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 New Constitution for the United States of America Replaced the Articles of Confederation “ Supreme Law of the Land”
  101. 101. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Bill of Rights 1789 / 1791 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 1 st Ten Amendments to the US Constitution Added to satisfy the Anti-Federalists and to protect the rights of individuals.
  102. 102. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Landmark Supreme Court Cases 1803 / 1819 / 1824 / 1832 / 1841 / 1857 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Established the Power of the Supreme Court and the Supremacy of the National Government over the States.
  103. 103. 11 Documents REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Civil War Amendments 1865 / 1868 / 1870 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 13 th Amendment – 1865 – Ended Slavery 14 th Amendment – 1868 – Defined the Rights of Citizenship 15 th Amendment – 1870 – Guaranteed the Right to Vote to ALL MEN
  104. 104.
  105. 105. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Printing Press Johann Gutenberg 1450 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  106. 106. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Lightning Rod Benjamin Franklin 1752 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  107. 107. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Spinning Jenny James Hargreaves 1764 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865
  108. 108. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Steam Engine James Watt 1769 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  109. 109. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Bifocal Lens Benjamin Franklin 1780 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  110. 110. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Threshing Machine Andrew Meikle 1784 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  111. 111. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Power Loom Edmund Cartwright 1785 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  112. 112. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Slater’s Textile Mill Samuel Slater 1789 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  113. 113. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Cotton Gin Eli Whitney 1793 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  114. 114. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Interchangeable Parts Eli Whitney 1798 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  115. 115. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Steamboat Robert Fulton 1807 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  116. 116. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Lowell’s Textile Mill Francis Cabot Lowell 1814 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  117. 117. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Erie Canal Governor DeWitt Clinton 1825 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  118. 118. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Steam-Powered Locomotive Peter Cooper 1830 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  119. 119. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 McCormick Reaper Cyrus McCormick 1834 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  120. 120. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Colt Revolver Samuel Colt 1835 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  121. 121. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Steel-Tipped Plow John Deere 1837 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  122. 122. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Daguerreotype Louis Daguerre 1839 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  123. 123. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Telegraph and Morse Code Samuel Morse 1844 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  124. 124. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Sewing Machine Elias Howe 1846 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  125. 125. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Bessemer Steel Converter Sir Henry Bessemer 1856 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  126. 126. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Transcontinental Railroad Leland Stanford 1869 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  127. 127. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Suez Canal Ferdinand de Lesseps 1869 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  128. 128. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Suez Canal Ferdinand de Lesseps 1869 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  129. 129. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Suez Canal Ferdinand de Lesseps 1869 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  130. 130. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Suez Canal Ferdinand de Lesseps 1869 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  131. 131. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Suez Canal Ferdinand de Lesseps 1869 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  132. 132. 24 Inventions REC CW GnR BaN REV COL 1 6 0 7 1 8 7 7 Telephone Alexander Graham Bell 1876 156 Yrs 20 Yrs 20 Yrs 58 Yrs 4 Yrs 12 Yrs 1763 1783 1803 1861 1865 Industrial Revolution
  133. 133.
  134. 134. The First 18 Presidents (Click on the title above to launch “The First 18 Presidents”.)
  135. 135.
  136. 136. The End!

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