Italian surgeon, professor of surgery and professor of anatomy Dubbed the founder of modern day plastic surgery Developed the Italian method of plastic surgery (first to describe the use of distant pedicled flaps for the use of reconstructive surgery in the 16 th century)
Surgical oncology, orthopedic surgery, general surgery, neurosurgery
Prosthesis Concavity Contracture s/p radiation Evolution of Mastectomy: Radical – all lymph nodes, pectoralis major and minor muscles Modified radical – both pect left, but all nodes taken Skin sparing – pect left, more skin preserved Sentinel node biopsy – preservation of nodes Breast conservation – lumpectomy with radiation
Breast lumpectomy or breast conservation therapy is most used for Stage I and II cancers, survival rates for breast conservation with radiation similar to those with total mastectomy. Lumpectomy – removal of the cancer with negative margins, then remaining breast treated with 50Gy radiation. Cosmetic outcome can vary with size and location of tumor. A breast reduction can also be performed at the time of the lumpectomy for better aesthetic outcomes.
(should you show a TE placed then followed by an implant here?)
Some muscle is taken (muscle-sparing) or no muscle (bottom photo). This pt is a free TRAM, pre and post op photos for immediate reconstruction after mastectomy.
Vessel (artery and vein) anastomosis under microscope, suture used for anastomosis. Veins are usually coupled with a coupler device, arteries are sewn together with 9-0 nylon sutures, interrupted. Have video at end if desired.
One Pattern of SGAP flap
Patient info: (Previous abdominal surgery, no excess abdominal tissue. Right chest wall treated with radiation therapy. She underwent delayed reconstruction of right breast with IGAP, then 6 months later had prophylactic left mastectomy with immediate recon using IGAP flap), she then had a breast revision, followed by NAR.
AWESOME! YOU “WOW”ed them!!!
Plastic Surgery: Breast Reconstruction Pankaj Tiwari, MD Assistant Professor The Ohio State University Medical Center Department of Plastic Surgery
Gaspar Tagliacozzi (1545-1599) “ We restore, repair, and make whole those parts . . . which nature has given but which fortune has taken away. ”
Plastic Surgery <ul><li>Cosmetic vs. Reconstructive </li></ul><ul><li>Multidisciplinary </li></ul><ul><li>Combined procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delayed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Head to Toe </li></ul><ul><li>Young to Old </li></ul>
Thank You! [email_address] Mobile 614-202-7468
References <ul><li>Thorne CH. Grabb & Smith ’s Plastic Surgery 6 th Edition . Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown DL, Borschel GH. Michigan Manual of Plastic Surgery. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Kroll S, Sharma S, Koutz C, et al. Postoperative Morphine Requirements of Free TRAM and DIEP Flaps. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 107: 338-341, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Bajaj A, Chevray P, Chang D. Comparison of Donor-Site Complications and Functional Outcomes in Free Muscle-Sparing TRAM Flap and Free DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 117: 737-745, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>National Cancer Institute. BRCA1 and BRCA2: Cancer Risk and Genetic Testing. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/BRCA . Accessed April 7 th , 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>FP Cammisa, DB Glasser, JC Otis, MA Kroll, JM Lane and JH Healey. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990;72:1541-1547. </li></ul>