Relative Clauses0809
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Relative Clauses0809

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Relative Clauses0809 Relative Clauses0809 Presentation Transcript

  • RELATIVE CLAUSES
      • The essential we must remember…..
  • Types of Relative Clauses
    • Defining
    • Non-defining
  • THE “LINKERS”
    • Basic:
        • THAT
        • WHO
        • WHICH
        • (OMISSION)
    • ADVERBIALS:
        • WHERE
        • WHY
        • WHEN
        • WHOSE
    • DEFINING
    • NON-DEFINING
  • Defining or Non-defining?
    • When the relative clause is necessary to understand the sentence completely
    • When the relative clause adds some extra information but it is not essential to understand
    NON-DEFINING
  • Defining Clauses
    • When the relative refers to a person :
      • “ The man who lives next door has a dog”
      • “ The man that lives next door has a dog”
    • When the relative refers to a thing or animal :
      • “ My mother bought the cottage which has three tall palms ”
      • “ My mother bought the cottage that has three tall palms”
  • Relative Omission
    • We can omit it if and only if:
    • the relative clause is Defining .
    • the relative is not adverbial
    • the relative is not subject of the clause
    • there is no preposition before the relative.
    I saw the car you told me about on tv yes NO I saw the car that/which you told me about on tv. I saw the car about which you told me on tv.
  • Non-Defining
    • It is always a clause referred to a person, thing or animal totally identified .
      • Mr. Smith, who lives in Norwich , was once my professor
      • The White House, where the president of the USA lives , is in Washington
      • Mickey Mouse, which is a very famous character , has been on TV for many years.
    remember: always between commas
  • Averbial Relatives
    • TIME “when”
      • I remember the times when we danced together at the disco
    • PLACE “where”
      • The city where I study is not my hometown
    • REASON “why”
      • We will never know the reason why she didn't come to the party
    • POSSESION “ whose”
      • The woman whose parents you talked to was my work college.