Relative Clauses0809

1,377 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,377
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
97
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
127
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Relative Clauses0809

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES <ul><ul><li>The essential we must remember….. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Types of Relative Clauses <ul><li>Defining </li></ul><ul><li>Non-defining </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE “LINKERS” <ul><li>Basic: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THAT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHO </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHICH </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(OMISSION) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ADVERBIALS: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHERE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHEN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WHOSE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>DEFINING </li></ul><ul><li>NON-DEFINING </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defining or Non-defining? <ul><li>When the relative clause is necessary to understand the sentence completely </li></ul><ul><li>When the relative clause adds some extra information but it is not essential to understand </li></ul>NON-DEFINING
  5. 5. Defining Clauses <ul><li>When the relative refers to a person : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The man who lives next door has a dog” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The man that lives next door has a dog” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When the relative refers to a thing or animal : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ My mother bought the cottage which has three tall palms ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ My mother bought the cottage that has three tall palms” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Relative Omission <ul><li>We can omit it if and only if: </li></ul><ul><li>the relative clause is Defining . </li></ul><ul><li>the relative is not adverbial </li></ul><ul><li>the relative is not subject of the clause </li></ul><ul><li>there is no preposition before the relative. </li></ul>I saw the car you told me about on tv yes NO I saw the car that/which you told me about on tv. I saw the car about which you told me on tv.
  7. 7. Non-Defining <ul><li>It is always a clause referred to a person, thing or animal totally identified . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. Smith, who lives in Norwich , was once my professor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The White House, where the president of the USA lives , is in Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mickey Mouse, which is a very famous character , has been on TV for many years. </li></ul></ul>remember: always between commas
  8. 8. Averbial Relatives <ul><li>TIME “when” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I remember the times when we danced together at the disco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PLACE “where” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The city where I study is not my hometown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REASON “why” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will never know the reason why she didn't come to the party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>POSSESION “ whose” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The woman whose parents you talked to was my work college. </li></ul></ul>

×