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Enst lte small cell - Tutorial - 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced Thierry LESTABLE, Massinissa LALAM 01.02.2012
  • 2. COPYRIGHTS DISCLAIMER• Besides Sagemcom SAS, many third party copyrighted material is reused within this brief tutorial under the fair use approach, for sake of educational purpose only, and very limited edition.• As a consequence, the current slide set presentation usage is restricted, and is falling under usual copyrights usage.• Thanks for your understanding.Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 2This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 3. Outline• General Trends• LTE Market Status• Femtocell Market Status• 3GPP LTE Femtocell Technology Overview• Machine-to-Machine• Next Generation Small Cells• ConclusionsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 3This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 4. General TrendsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 4This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 5. Mobile broadband experienceConnected Life: Home, on-the-move, Work Traffic Generated Source: CISCO VNI Mobile 2011 = 24 x = 515 x = 122 xTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 5This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 6. Traffic current trend AT&T traffic evolution The dramatic growth of mobile data traffic UK mobile data traffic growth Source: AT&T Mobile data traffic evolution (TB per million inhabitants per month) in some European countries Source: Ofcom Source: ECC PT1 Source: IDATETutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 6This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 7. Traffic forecast 2010-2020: toward a capacity crunch Total mobile traffic (EB per year) 140.00 Total mobile traffic in 2020 120.00 x33 compared to 2010 100.00 Yearly traffic in EB Europe 80.00 Americas Asia 60.00 Capacity Rest of the world W orld 40.00 20.00 - 2010 2015 2020Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 7 Source: IDATEThis document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 8. Traffic diversity: mobile data traffic is NOT uniform Geography Subscribers Time of day Devices Location Applications Source: Senza Fili ConsultingTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 8This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 9. Smart digital home: starting point Price decrase Vs Added Value Services & Customization Innnovation Global Solutions SIP Flexibility Technical Support Very High Throughput Enabling Middleware more advanced services Open Software & SDK FTTH Local Connectivity 3.0 & Device Management TungstenTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 9This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 10. Smart digital home: towards Internet of Thing (IoT)High Indoor Demand•Ubiquitous•Seamless Connectivity•User Centric•Ambient Intelligence•Social Network•Sustainable•Heterogeneous Traffic Micro- generation Comfort FMC & Multimedia Security WiFi ))) Ethernet Energy 3G/LTE Health ADSL, FTTH, 0Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 10This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 11. Need of higher frequency reuse to close the gapTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 11This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 12. Heterogeneous Network & Small Cells Emergence COVERAGE ERA CAPACITY ERA HetNet & Small Cells bring the capacity where and when it is needed• LTE / LTE-A natively supports this evolution from coverage to capacity • In 3GPP point of view, Picocells & Femtocells are Small CellsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 12This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 13. LTE Market StatusTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 13This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 14. HSPA Networks: 380 commercial systemsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 14This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 15. Global UMTS subscriber growth forecast HSPA+ will still play an active role in near future, both as migration and complementary to LTETutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 15This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 16. Investing in LTE: 237 Operators in 85 Countries 26 Commercial LTE NW launched 161 LTE User Devices (July 2011) 174 Commercial LTE Commitments in 64 countries 63 additional pre-commitment trials 93 LTE Networks are anticipated to be in Commercial service by end of 2012!Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 16This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 17. LTE operator commitments faster than HSPATutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 17This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 18. LTE ecosystem is maturing fastSmart PhonesM-TabletsDSL-Routers+ USB dongles + netbooks, etc… Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 18 This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 19. Worldwide mobile broadband spectrum FDD: 2x70MHz FDD: 2x35MHz TDD: 50MHz China Mobile Genius Brand CSL LtdAWS … TeliaSonera Vodafone Hong-Kong Major TD-LTE Market O2 (incl. India) … Verizon AT&T metroPCS NTT DoCoMo Digital Dividend Refarming and extensions are still to come… Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 19 This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 20. LTE roll-out worldwide vs. Spectrum band fragmentationSource:Huawei Fragmentation & Harmonization of Spectrum is a critical problem “we are unlikely to see a world device in a handset form-factor soon” Wireless Intelligence Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 20 This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 21. TD-LTE is gaining momentum Strong Ecosystem growing fast…Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 21This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 22. LTE royalty level: Need for patent pool facilitation? 14.8% LTE/SAE Declarations to ETSI by PO 4076 declarations (March 2011) Critical constraint for Femtocells is COST EFFICIENCY!! Source: SisvelTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 22This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 23. LTE & 4G patents $12.5 billion 6000+ patents 24000+ patents $4.5 billion WHO’s NEXT?… $2.6 billion $340 Million $770 Million Risk to ‘Kill’ the Business… Especially in Vertical Markets!Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 23This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 24. Femtocell Market StatusTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 24This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 25. Femtocell ecosystem: 66 Operators (1.99billion subscribers, 34%)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 25This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 26. Femtocell ecosystem: 69 Technology Providers The ecosystem is now mature enough 4th IOT Plugfest in February 2012Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 26This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 27. Femtocell market status 36 Commercial Deployments in 23 countries, 15 Roll-out commitments in 2012Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 27This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 28. Key Findings: Global femtocell survey 6,100 consumers in 6 countriesTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 28This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 29. Mobile Phone/Service Problems: Churn reduction Femtocells are seen (initially) as a solution to decrease the Resulting Churn Rate!! 42% churn reductionTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 29This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 30. Residential Macro Data Offload Offload via Wi-Fi and/or Femtocell On average, more than 70% of traffic can still be offloaded !Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 30This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 31. Femto Forum Priorities for 2012Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 31This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 32. 3GPP LTE Femtocell Technology OverviewTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 32This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 33. 3GPP StructureTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 33This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 34. 3GPP LiaisonsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 34This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 35. Bandwidth & Duplexing modes (Rel.8/9) And HALF-DUPLEX!!!Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 35This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 36. Architecture (Rel.10) S1 S1 S1 S1 S5 S1 S1 S1 S1 X2 X2 3GPP Rel.10Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 36This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 37. 3 options to connect the HeNB to the core network (EPC) [1] [2] [3]Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 37This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 38. HeNB Operations, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) processTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 38This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 39. Rel.8/9 - Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) (1/2)• Frequency domain solution • Data channel protection• Indicators exchange through X2 • macro / pico• Uplink interference management • High Interference Indicator (HII) • eNB sends 1 bit per resource block (RB) − Indicate Cell-edge user on this resource − Informed neighbours will avoid these RB at cell-edge • Proactive process • Overload Indicator (OI) • eNB reports the level of interference received − Low, Medium, HighTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 39 • Reactive processThis document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 40. Rel.8/9 - Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) (2/2)• Downlink interference management • Relative Narrowband Transmit Power (RNTP) Indicator • eNB advertises Tx power per RB • Proactive process • Enables (dynamic) frequency partitioning Hard Frequency Reuse Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) Soft-Frequency Reuse (SFR)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 40This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 41. Rel.10 - enhanced ICIC (eICIC) (1/4)• Specifically targets Heterogeneous Networks (HetNet) • Small Cells• Time domain solution • Control channel protection• Information exchange through X2 • macro/pico or OAM configuration • macro/pico/femto• Focus only on Non-Carrier Aggregation (CA) scenariosTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 41This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 42. Rel.10 - enhanced ICIC (eICIC) (2/4)• Downlink power control • Targets femtocell • Power is adjusted based on surrounding • Measurements performed by the femtocell − DL & UL • Need of one Network Listen Module (NLM) − Not specified − But always required by OperatorsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 42This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 43. Rel.10 - enhanced ICIC (eICIC) (3/4)• Almost Blank Subframe (ABS) • During defined subframes, the Aggressor cell does not transmit its (control + data) channels to protect a Victim cell • ABS pattern transmitted via X2 (dynamic) for macro/pico • Macro/Pico → Aggressor/Victim normal F e m to ABS F e m to or via OAM (semi-static) for macro/femto • Macro/Femto → Victim/Aggressor M a c ro M a c roTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 43This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 44. Rel.10 - enhanced ICIC (eICIC) (4/4)• Cell Range Extension (CRE) • Through broadcasted information (handover/camp bias) UEs stay connected to picocells with low SINR (hotspot) • Requires advanced UE receiver for interference cancellationTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 44This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 45. Rel.11 - ICIC still in discussion (1/2)• further enhanced ICIC (feICIC) for non-CA based deployment • Some proposals under discussion: • At the transmitter side in DL − Combination of ABS + power reduction • At the receiver side in DL − Use of advanced UE receiver (cancellation/discard of known signals such as CRS …)• ICIC for CA based deployment • In CA deployment, several cells/ component carriers (CCs) are aggregated • Up to 5 CCs (100MHz maximum bandwidth) • Cross scheduling among the CCs is possibleTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 45This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 46. Rel.11 - ICIC still in discussion (2/2)• ICIC for CA based deployment • For each Rel.10+ UE, • One Primary Cell (PCell) is assigned among the pool of cells − Carrying control information • The rest of the cells are seen as Secondary Cells (SCells) − Carrying data • PCell/SCell selection is under discussion Macro UE A Macro UE B Pico UE • Control signaling on f 1 and/or f 2 • Control signaling on f 1 • Control signaling on f 2 • Data on f 1 and/or f 2 • Data on f 1 and/or f 2 • Data on f 1 and/or f 2 Pico Macro f1 f1 f2 f2Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 46This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 47. LTE Self-Organizing Network (SON) features S1/X2 configurationTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 47This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 48. SON progress status w.r.t 3GPP Releases 8, 9, and 10Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 48This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 49. Support for Self-Configuration & Self-Optimization • Self-Configuration Process • Basic Set-up • Automatic Registration of nodes in the system • Initial Radio Configuration • Self-Optimization Process • UE & eNB measurements and performance measurements are used to auto-tune the networkTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 49This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 50. LTE-Advanced: Local IP Access (LIPA) Femto FemtoTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 50This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 51. LTE-Advanced: Selected IP Traffic Offload (SIPTO) SIPTO Traffic • Service Continuity will be CN solved in Rel.11 L-PGW MME RAN • between eNBs S5 S11 S1-U S5 • between HeNBs eNB S-GW P-GW • between eNB and HeNBUE CN TrafficTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 51This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 52. 3GPP Rel.7: IP Flow Mobility but NO Seamless Offload• Rel.7 introduced 3G/Wi-Fi interworking architecture • But NO Guarantee of Seamless HO• 3G ↔ Wi-Fi based on Application level Switch • IP address change• Key question is: • HOW to select the traffic IP Flow from operator’s point of view to stay in Cellular or switch to Wi-Fi?Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 52This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 53. 3GPP Rel.8: DSMIP based IP Flow mobility SEAMLESS!• Thanks to Dual Stack Mobile IP (DSMIP), IP address is maintained • Seamless transition (Make-before-break)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 53This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 54. LTE-Advanced: IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload (IFOM)• IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload • Carry (simultaneously) some of UE’s traffic over Wi-Fi to offload Femto Access Individual flows belonging to the same PDN IETF RFC-5555, DSMIPv6Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 54This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 55. Flow management: To summarize… LTE Source: QualcommTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 55This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 56. Mobility management for femtocell (X2 interface)• Rel.9 • No X2 interface (S1 mobility)• Rel.10 • X2 HeNB-HeNB with open target or same CSG-ID (no access control)• Rel-11 • Study Item (SI) ongoing on extension to HeNB-eNB and remaining HeNB- HeNB scenarios (cf. 3GPP TR 37.803), (use of X2-proxy?)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 56This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 57. Machine-to-Machine M2MTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 57This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 58. Network of Networks, Internet of Things (IoT) Presented by Interdigital: Globecom’11 – IWM2M, HoustonTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 58This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 59. Vertical markets in LTE M2MTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 59This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 60. Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 60This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 61. Verizon LTE Innovation CenterLTE Connected Car Office in the Box Connected Home (incl. eHealth) Bicycle LiveEdge.TVTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 61This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 62. High Level (simplified) M2M Architecture Capillary Network Operator platform M2M Gateway Client ApplicationTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 62This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 63. ETSI TC M2M links with other ETSI TCs ETSI RRS ETSI ATTM ETSI DECT ETSI SCP Capillary Access Networks Service Platform ETSI ERM ETSI TISPAN wireless Wide Area Network M2M Gateway IP Network wireline Application ETSI ITS ETSI e-Health ETSI PLTTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 63This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 64. ETSI M2M links with ecosystem EPCGlobal ISO/IEC JTC1 GS1 UWSN ESMIG Metering IUT-T Utilities HGI NGN CEN CENELEC Home Gateway Metering Smart Metering Smart Metering Capillary Initiative Access networks OASIS Service Platform W3C WOSA wireless Wide Area Network IETF 6LowPAN M2M Gateway KNX IPSO Phy-Mac Over IPV6 IPV6 IP Network Hardware and W-Mbus Protocols IETF ROLL Routing over Low Power Lossy Networks wireline IEEE ZCL 802.xx.x Application ZigBee Alliance. ZB Application Profiles OMA GSMA 3GPP SCAG,… SA1, SA3, ,…Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 64This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 65. ETSI TC M2M Use Cases TR 102 692 TR 102 732 TR 102 857 TR 102 898 TR 102 897 Smart eHealth Connected Automotive City Metering consumer automation PUBLISHED TS 102 689 Stage 1 M2M Service Requirements PUBLISHED TR 1xx xxx TR 102 725 Interworking M2M with M2M Area TS 102 690 Definitions Networks Stage 2 M2M Functional Architecture TR 102 935 TR 101 531 TR 102 167 Smart Grid TS 102 921 Re-use of 3GPP Threat analysis and Stage 3 nodes by M2MSC counter measures impacts on M2M Communications; mIa, dIa and mId interfaces layer to M2M service M2M layer European Commission mandates (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI) •M/441: Smart metering (ongoing) •M/468: Electrical vehicles chargers (ongoing) •M/490: Smart grid (Launched 1st March 2011)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 65This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 66. 3GPP Machine-Type Communications (MTC) Architecture (HighLevel) MTCsms MTC 3GPP Server PLMN - MTCu 3GPP bearer services / MTC MTC Server Device SMS / IMS IWK Function MTC Server MTCi MTCu: It provides MTC Devices access to 3GPP network for the transport of user plane and control plane traffic. MTCu interface could be based on Uu, Um, Ww and LTE-Uu interface. MTCi: It is the reference point that MTC Server uses to connect the 3GPP network and thus communicates with MTC Device via 3GPP bearer services/IMS. MTCi could be based on Gi, Sgi, and Wi interface. MTCsms: It is the reference point MTC Server uses to connect the 3GPP network and thus communicates with MTC Device via 3GPP SMS.Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 66This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 67. MTC in 3GPPCurrent discussion onlow cost MTC device evaluation(traffic model, comparison withGPRS, …)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 67This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 68. M2M ecosystem’s jungleTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 68This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 69. GSC M2M standardization task force: Toward an M2M-PP? Source: NumerexTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 69This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 70. Next Generation Small Cell Small Intelligent Cross-Cell (SiXCTM)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 70This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 71. Fixed/Mobile Convergence Source: BT Wholesale It is necessary to propose integrated Architectures taking advantage of Wireless/Wired systems (e.g. 3G, LTE, Wi-Fi, WiGig, DAS, RoF, PLC…)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 71This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 72. Fixed/Mobile Convergence 3GPP Rel.11• Workshop organized between 3GPP and Broadband Forum (BBF) • Set of Requirements (BBF WT-203) • Several 3GPP Working Groups will focus during Rel.11 onto • Requirements • Architecture • Security • OAM Building Block I Building Block II Building Block III •Mobility • Policy & QoS • Architecture for NW •Authentication •HeNB + Offload based mobility with •Policy & QoS •WLAN + Offload trusted BBF access •HeNB EPC • Further convergence between 3GPP & •WLAN EPC Fixed NW •IFOM • Policy & QoS •LIPA/SIPTO for interworking HeNB with Static QoS 3GPP/BBFTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 72This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 73. 3GPP multi-RAT interworking: I-WLAN (Rel.6) for Wi-Fi • Advantages • Access to AAA 3GPP service • Access PDG/PDN-GW core infrastructure • Automatic Wi-Fi user Authentication based on Cellular Subscriber ID information contained into the device • Disadvantages • No session continuity to/from 3G/LTE and Wi-Fi • Local Offload is not supported • Requires IPSec tunnelling from wireless device to PDGAAA: Authentication, Authorization, and AccountingTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 73This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 74. 3GPP multi-RAT interworking: untrusted network (Rel.8) S2 interface: S2a: trusted S2b: untrusted (need of ePDG)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 74This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 75. 3GPP multi-RAT interworking: Several work items currently runningAcronym Title Release Comment Multiple Connections to the same PDN for PMIPMUPSAP Rel.9 Interfaces Multi-Access PDN CONnectivity and IP flow spun-off inMAPIM Rel.9 Mobility IFOM/MAPCONIFOM IP Flow Mobility and seamless WLAN Offload Rel.10MAPCON Multi-Access PDN CONnectivity Rel.10SMOG S2b MObility based on GTP Rel.10 GTP based S2b MobilitySaMOG S2a mobility based on GTP & WLAN access to EPC Rel.11 GTP based S2a Mobility ISRP introduction toANDSF Access Network Discovery & Selection Function Rel.10 accommodate MAPCON/IFOMeANDSF enhanced ANDSF Rel.11OPIIS Operator Policies for IP Interface Selection Rel.11DIDA Data Identification in ANDSF Rel.11LOBSTER Location Based Selection of gateways for WLAN Rel.11BBAI Broadband Access Interworking Rel.11VINE Voice Interworking with Enterprise IP-PBX Rel.11Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 75This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 76. Hotspot 2.0: Next Generation Hotspot (Wi-Fi Alliance) Enhancing Wi-Fi to be more ‘Cellular’ Built directly Built directly into device into device Source: Cisco Multitude of 3rd Party Connection Managers:Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 76This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 77. Hotspot 2.0: Next Generation Hotspot (Wi-Fi Alliance) HS 2.0- HS 2.0- Hotspot 2.0-Spec 1 (PRIORITY) Spec 2 Spec 3 Out-of-scope4 Network Rogue Air EAP-SIM, Operator Secure Session Operator Discovery Prevention Interface AKA,TLS, Policy Online Persistence Traffic & Selection Encryption FAST (Traffic Sign-up Management2 Steering) Hotspot 2.0 WISPR 1.01 WISPR 2.01 Vendor-specific (e.g. iPass, Devicescape, etc.) Mobile IP 3 3 I-WLAN Notes: Source: Cisco (1) IPR issues (2) Operator Traffic Management is the ability for the operator to take back operator-offered applications (e.g. mobile television) seurely back its data center using an encryupted tunnel when device is using an un-trusted (i.e. non-802.1x) Hotspot. All of the other applications get local break-out. I (3) All traffic gets back-hauled to mobile operator in a VPN tunnel (4) Out-of-scope. The SIG may disband rather than make a recommendation in this area, since there already other industry bodies working hereTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 77This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 78. Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA) goals Small intelligent Cross-Cell (SiXC)™Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 78This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 79. Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN): LTE Backhaul Source: Ericsson Traffic Volume: X2 ~ [ 4 - 10%] S1 IPSec +14% GTP/MIP overhead ~10% LTE Small Cells deployment will change rules for Backhaul provisioning Need for more research Architecture / PHY / Synchronization (e.g. PTP (1588), SyncE, Hybrid…)Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 79This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 80. TV White Space (TVWS) for backhaulTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 80This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 81. LTE in TVWSTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 81This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 82. End-to-End (E2E) LTE QoS - Challenges Source: Continuous Computing Challenges for future Small Cells • Increase robustness to Backhaul Heterogeneity & Variability • QoS policies (PCRF) more coordinated with Air interface Scheduling • Difficulties to handle multiple QoS mapping with IP Flow Management • Inter-RAT E2E QoSTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 82This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 83. ConclusionsTutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 83This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization
  • 84. • HetNets & Small Cells bring a viable solution to the capacity crunch• Based on current work items/study items for LTE/LTE-A, 3GPP embraces this trend and put a major effort on it• Convergence cellular technology / WLAN is a reality both in 3GPP and Wireless Broadband Alliance worlds• Many tools are provided to mobile operators (LIPA, SIPTO, IFOM, …) to optimise their spectrum (radio access)• With the increase of small cells, backhauling must be carefully taken to considerations (optical, wireless, …)• Small cells and M2M represent great opportunities to strengthen European industry position in the fields of Future Internet technologies, mobile and wireless broadband systems, optical networks, and network management technologies.Tutorial Telecom ParisTech 01.02.2012 | SCET/URD1/Femtocell | Small Cells in LTE / LTE-Advanced | © Sagemcom 84This document and the information contained are Sagemcom property and shall not be copied or disclosed to any third party without Sagemcom prior written authorization