The homo poieticus and the bridge   between physis and techne           Federica Russo          Philosophy, Kent
OverviewPhysis and techne in the digital eraThe homo poieticus in the e-nvironmentThe homo poieticus   As technoscientist ...
PHYSIS AND TECHNEIN THE DIGITAL ERA                     3
Physis:nature and realityTechne:practical science and creation of artefactsInforgs:informational organisms   We, intellige...
The digital revolutionThe fourth revolution (Floridi 2008, 2009)   We, humans, are inforgs in the infosphere   A change in...
Physis and techneTechnology makes a revolution in the tools to acquire knowledge   of the world   Intervening on Nature gr...
THE HOMO POIETICUSIN THE E-NVIRONMENT                      7
New environment, new ethicsDigital revolution creates poietically-enabling environmentA new ethical agent: homo poieticus ...
Constructionist ethics          Situated action ethics                                • Agents happen to bein             ...
Floridi argues                    Here I argue• The digital dimension of the   • Tensions between physis  fourth revolutio...
THE HOMO POIETICUS:THE TECHNOSCIENTIST                      11
From science to technoscienceThe ‘Aristotelian’ scientist     The ‘Baconian’ scientist• Knowledge by passive          • Kn...
Technoscientist as a makerMaking crafts  E.g.: computers, nuclear weapons, medical devices …                              ...
Technoscientist as a makerMaking knowledgeFloridi’s constructionist epistemology   Knowledge is the designing and modellin...
Technoscientist as a makerMaking knowledge through instrumentsA ‘constructionist choir’ (Ihde, Bunge, Heidegger):   Instru...
THE HOMO POIETICUS:THE PHILOSOPHER                      16
The philosopher as a makerMaking and using thought and ideasFloridi: philosophy as conceptual engineering   Not just or on...
ETHICS MEETS EPISTEMOLOGY?                             18
Many virtues of the homo poieticusEmbodies many aspects of human ‘making’ activities:   Creation of situations liable to b...
Physis and technereconciledTechne is an opportunity for the agent   To better know and act upon the world around   To ask ...
From technology                to ethical evaluationEthical evaluation‘Action of making’ or ‘Process of using’The purpose ...
Ethics meets epistemologyQuestions and worries about technology depend onwhat we know about emergent spaces of possibiliti...
TO SUM UP AND CONCLUDE                         23
The digital revolution urges us to rethinkthe role of the ethical agent and of the ethical theory   The homo poieticus and...
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Russo spt-homopoieticus

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Russo spt-homopoieticus

  1. 1. The homo poieticus and the bridge between physis and techne Federica Russo Philosophy, Kent
  2. 2. OverviewPhysis and techne in the digital eraThe homo poieticus in the e-nvironmentThe homo poieticus As technoscientist As philosopherEthics meets epistemology? 2
  3. 3. PHYSIS AND TECHNEIN THE DIGITAL ERA 3
  4. 4. Physis:nature and realityTechne:practical science and creation of artefactsInforgs:informational organisms We, intelligent humans. Intelligent engineered artefactsInfosphere:informational environment The whole space of possible information, including Nature. 4
  5. 5. The digital revolutionThe fourth revolution (Floridi 2008, 2009) We, humans, are inforgs in the infosphere A change in the interaction with the external world and with ourselves A revitalisation of the tension between physis and techne A radical change in our role as ethical agents 5
  6. 6. Physis and techneTechnology makes a revolution in the tools to acquire knowledge of the world Intervening on Nature grants us epistemic access to it Opening ofnew possibilities for the creation of artefactsPure science is not the privileged lieu of knowledge anymoreTechnoscience: a noetic and poietic aspect on a par 6
  7. 7. THE HOMO POIETICUSIN THE E-NVIRONMENT 7
  8. 8. New environment, new ethicsDigital revolution creates poietically-enabling environmentA new ethical agent: homo poieticus More than just faber and oeconomicus A maker: of the situation he’s in, of the action he takes Egopoietic, sociopoietic, ecopoietic projectsA new ethical approach: constructionist ethics Copes with the poietic skills of the agent Reduces ‘moral luck’ 8
  9. 9. Constructionist ethics Situated action ethics • Agents happen to bein some situation liable of• Homo poieticuscreates new moral judgement situations liable of moral judgment • Agents are evaluated for the goodness or consequences• Agents are also evaluated of their actions. for the process that led to the situation they are in No evaluation of how agents got in the situation they are in 9
  10. 10. Floridi argues Here I argue• The digital dimension of the • Tensions between physis fourth revolution revitalise and techne are revitalised the tensions between physis because the fourth and techne revolution is a technological revolution (rather than• In the infosphere, man digital). creates the situations he is in. We therefore need a • The homo poieticusis not concept of homo just the ethical agent, but poeiticusand a also the technoscientist and constructionist ethics the philosopher 10
  11. 11. THE HOMO POIETICUS:THE TECHNOSCIENTIST 11
  12. 12. From science to technoscienceThe ‘Aristotelian’ scientist The ‘Baconian’ scientist• Knowledge by passive • Knowledge by active observation of Nature interaction with Nature• Little, auxiliary role of • Primary role of experimentation experimentation: the scientist is a ‘maker’, science is ‘scientiaoperativa’ • Science is (also) techne, it• Science is episteme, it has has (also) poietic goals noetic goals 12
  13. 13. Technoscientist as a makerMaking crafts E.g.: computers, nuclear weapons, medical devices … 13
  14. 14. Technoscientist as a makerMaking knowledgeFloridi’s constructionist epistemology Knowledge is the designing and modelling of reality We lost our privileged location in the physical and biological realms (Copernican and Darwinian revolutions) But we are still in a position to claim our centrality in the construction of knowledge of those realms 14
  15. 15. Technoscientist as a makerMaking knowledge through instrumentsA ‘constructionist choir’ (Ihde, Bunge, Heidegger): Instruments allow us to know beyond the macro world Instrumental attitude justified by obtained ‘practical’ results (Ding an sichvsDing füruns) Both techne and episteme ‘reveal’ or ‘disclose’ some truth, the difference lying in what and how they reveal 15
  16. 16. THE HOMO POIETICUS:THE PHILOSOPHER 16
  17. 17. The philosopher as a makerMaking and using thought and ideasFloridi: philosophy as conceptual engineering Not just or only a logico-mathematical procedure But poiesis of thoughts and ideas – conceptual constructionismDeleuze&Guattari: philosophers create concepts Philosophy is not contemplation, reflection or communication Philosophy finds new concepts that explain the world As the world changes, so concepts do 17
  18. 18. ETHICS MEETS EPISTEMOLOGY? 18
  19. 19. Many virtues of the homo poieticusEmbodies many aspects of human ‘making’ activities: Creation of situations liable to be morally assessed Creation of crafts and knowledge Creation of (philosophical) conceptsThe homo poieticus can see technologyas knowledge and as creation of artefacts 19
  20. 20. Physis and technereconciledTechne is an opportunity for the agent To better know and act upon the world around To ask new questions with respect to ‘classical’ epistemology 20
  21. 21. From technology to ethical evaluationEthical evaluation‘Action of making’ or ‘Process of using’The purpose of the technological artefactsmakes it liable to ethical evaluationWhat ethical evaluation? New environments, new roles, new ethics A constructionist ethics 21
  22. 22. Ethics meets epistemologyQuestions and worries about technology depend onwhat we know about emergent spaces of possibilities What to do depends on what we know A constructionist epistemology for a constructionist ethics 22
  23. 23. TO SUM UP AND CONCLUDE 23
  24. 24. The digital revolution urges us to rethinkthe role of the ethical agent and of the ethical theory The homo poieticus and constructionist ethicsThe digitaltechnological revolution revitalisesthe tensions between physis and techneThe tension is solved through a homo poieticusthat creates crafts, knowledge and conceptsA constructionist ethics is supported bya constructionist epistemology. The homo poieticus: ethical agent, technoscientist and philosopher 24

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