Elections Of 1848   1860
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Elections Of 1848 1860

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Elections Of 1848   1860 Elections Of 1848 1860 Presentation Transcript

  • 1848 - 1860
  • Election of 1848
    • Zachary Taylor – Whig
    • Lewis Cass – Democrat
    • Martin Van Buren – Free Soil Party
  • Electoral College Votes 1848 View slide
  • President Taylor takes office
    • Oct 1849 – voters of CA ratify the state’s constitution banning slavery
    • Dec 1849 – Taylor encourages Congress to admit CA as a free state
    • Jan 1850 – Henry Clay submits Compromise of 1850
    • Feb – Mar 1850 – Taylor meets with Southern leaders threatening to secede
    View slide
  • Fillmore sworn in as President
    • July 1850
      • President Taylor dies from gastroenteritis
    • Aug 1850 – Fillmore affirms his support for the Compromise of 1850
    • Sept 1850 – Congress passes Fugitive Slave Act
      • Fines and prison for those assisting escaped slaves
      • Requires slaves to be returned to owners w/o right to a jury
  • Election of 1852
    • Fillmore did not receive the Whig nomination due to supporting Fugitive Slave Act – nominated Winfield Scott, general of the Mexican War
    • Democrats nominate Franklin Pierce
    • Free Soil Party nominates Senator John Hale of NH
  • Electoral College Vote 1852
  • President Franklin Pierce
    • Northern politician with Southern pro-slavery views
    • Caved under the pressure of pro-slavery forces to sign the Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • Popular sovereignty creates anarchy in Kansas territory known as “Bleeding Kansas”
  • Election of 1856
    • Republican party holds it first national convention nominating John Fremont
    • Know-Nothings nominate former President Millard Fillmore
    • First time in history a major party refuses to nominate a sitting president. Democrats nominate James Buchanan
  • Electoral College Vote 1856
  • President James Buchanan
    • Pro-slavery northerner from PA
    • Mar 1857 - Buchanan believed that the issue of slavery was settled with the decision of the Dred Scott Case
    • Oct 1857 – Kansas elects an anti-slavery legislature
    • Dec 1857 – Lecompton Constitution is illegally drafted in Kansas by a pro-slavery legislature
    • Buchanan supported Kansas entering the Union as a slave state despite the people of Kansas voting against slavery in the territory
    • May 1858 – Minnesota is admitted as free state
    • Aug 1858 House of Representatives has Kansas vote again on the Lecompton Constitution. Kansas is admitted as a Free State the following year
    • Oct 1858: Lincoln – Douglas debates
    • Feb 1859 – Oregon admitted as free state
    • Oct 1859 – Harper’s Ferry
  • Election of 1860
    • Lincoln – Republican
    • Douglas – Northern Democrat
    • Breckinridge – Southern Democrat
    • Bell – Constitutional Union Party
      • Former Whigs and Know-Nothings
  • Electoral College Vote 1860