Chapter 3   Jamestown and Plymouth
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Chapter 3 Jamestown and Plymouth

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Building of the first colonies in America

Building of the first colonies in America

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Chapter 3   Jamestown and Plymouth Chapter 3 Jamestown and Plymouth Presentation Transcript

  • Exploration and Colonization Chapter 3 (Sections 4 and 5) pp. 87-99
  • Section 4: Building the Jamestown Colony
    • 1606 – King James I grants the Virginia Company a charter to establish a colony in North America.
    • The location was a swampy area on the James River off the Chesapeake Bay .
  • Captain John Smith’s Leadership
    • After a rough start due to poor leadership, Smith made these rules:
    • Plant food , don’t dig for gold
    • Need to work if colonists wanted food
    • Set up trade with Native Americans , however colonists often used force to get food and supplies.
    •  These made Jamestown successful for a short time, but eventually tobacco farming sustained the colony.
  • Representative Government in Jamestown
    • Representative Government: voters elect people to make laws for all.
    • House of Burgesses : The Jamestown form of Rep. Government; Burgesses (elected representatives) worked with the Virginia Co.’s governor to make laws.
    • Rep. Gov’t. in England (and her colonies) was based on the principles of the Magna Carta (Great Charter) of 1215.
  • Section 5: Seeking Religious Freedom
    • Catholics and Protestants were fighting for many years over their different beliefs.
    • England named the Anglican Church as the established church (official religion).
    • People were persecuted (punished) for not following the established church.
    • The Pilgrims were people who wanted to separate from the Anglican Church.
  • The Pilgrim Colony at Plymouth
    • September 1620 – the Pilgrims (and some non-Pilgrims) get a charter to build a colony in Virginia.
    • November 1620 – The Mayflower lands on the coast of Massachusetts.
    • Since they didn’t land in Virginia their charter did not apply; they needed a new set of laws…
  • The Mayflower Compact
    • The 41 adult male colonists signed a document outlining how the colony would be governed.
    • This developed into a representative government system like the “Great Charter” of Virginia.
    • “ Primary Source” p.94
  • Early Hardships
    • First Winter in Plymouth:
    • Lack of food (too late to plant crops)
    • Improper shelter (earthen homes, not wooden)
    • Many colonists died the first winter due to the harsh conditions
    • Help from Native Americans:
    • Local natives who spoke English (Samoset, Squanto) helped the Pilgrims by giving them seeds and teaching planting techniques.
    • The next fall was the first Thanksgiving .
  • Summarize it!
    • On a “half-sheet,” write 3 or 4 sentences that compares the colonies of Jamestown and Plymouth.
    • These can be similarities OR differences.