CLAUSES

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CLAUSES

  1. 1. Clauses Identifying adjective, adverb, and noun clauses in a sentence.
  2. 2. Adjective Clause <ul><li>Dependent clause </li></ul><ul><li>Modifies a noun or pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with a relative pronoun </li></ul>
  3. 3. Relative Pronouns <ul><li>who </li></ul><ul><li>whom </li></ul><ul><li>whose </li></ul><ul><li>which </li></ul><ul><li>that </li></ul><ul><li>where and when (sometimes) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adjective Clause examples <ul><li>Men who are in the cooking contest should know how to make chili. </li></ul><ul><li>Biology is a course my uncle teaches . </li></ul><ul><li>(Watch Out--for the understood “that”) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adverb Clauses <ul><li>Dependent clause </li></ul><ul><li>Modifies a verb, adverb or adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced by a subordinating conjunction </li></ul>
  6. 6. Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>after as though since when </li></ul><ul><li>although because so that whenever </li></ul><ul><li>as before than where </li></ul><ul><li>as if even though though wherever </li></ul><ul><li>as long as if unless whether </li></ul><ul><li>as soon as in order that until while </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adverb Clause examples <ul><li>Because it was raining , we came inside. </li></ul><ul><li>We went to the football game after we ate dinner. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Don’t forget the position rules! <ul><li>If the clause begins the sentence= </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb or Noun </li></ul><ul><li>If the clause follows the subject = </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective </li></ul><ul><li>If the clause follows the verb = </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb or Noun </li></ul>
  9. 9. Noun Clauses <ul><li>Dependent clause </li></ul><ul><li>Used as a subject, a complement (such as a predicate nominative, direct object, or indirect object) or object of the preposition </li></ul>
  10. 10. Words used to introduce Noun Clauses <ul><li>how when who,whom </li></ul><ul><li>that where whoever </li></ul><ul><li>what which whose </li></ul><ul><li>whatever why whichever </li></ul><ul><li>whether if </li></ul>
  11. 11. Noun Clause examples <ul><li>I know Latin . (noun) </li></ul><ul><li>I know that Latin is no longer spoken as a native language . (noun clause- DO) </li></ul><ul><li>Their destination is unknown. (noun) </li></ul><ul><li>Where they are going is unknown. (noun clause- Subject) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Noun Clause examples <ul><li>Their discussion was about what you bought at the mall. (noun clause- OP) </li></ul><ul><li>Their discussion is whether you should go back to the mall. (noun clause- PN) </li></ul>

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