Museum Research Methods MUSM7034 Semester 1 2009 Session 4.2 Observation methods www.arts.usyd.edu.au/departs/museum http:...
<ul><li>How do people use the space?  </li></ul><ul><li>What behaviours are encouraged? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there conges...
<ul><li>General Value Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Desire Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Hubs and cluster points </li></ul>Concepts
<ul><li>Attracting power – proportion who engage with the display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strongly influenced by location on...
<ul><li>Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Counting / timing </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviours </li></ul>Observation methods
<ul><li>Follow visitors and mark their path on a floor plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Record gender, age, visiting group, kids...
<ul><li>Choose displays/activities you want to focus on </li></ul><ul><li>Select specific blocks of time (e.g. 1 hour) </l...
 
 
 
<ul><li>Behaviours that suggest engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking toward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking, readin...
<ul><li>Specify the learning outcome  </li></ul><ul><li>Nominate behaviours required to achieve this outcome </li></ul><ul...
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4.2 Observation Methods

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  • 4.2 Observation Methods

    1. 1. Museum Research Methods MUSM7034 Semester 1 2009 Session 4.2 Observation methods www.arts.usyd.edu.au/departs/museum http://musm7034.ning.com/
    2. 2. <ul><li>How do people use the space? </li></ul><ul><li>What behaviours are encouraged? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there congestion points? </li></ul><ul><li>How are things used? Seating, introductory framing. </li></ul><ul><li>Are there dead spots? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the space work during busy periods? </li></ul><ul><li>Do some features encourage social learning? </li></ul><ul><li>What features/displays are used most? </li></ul>Questions
    3. 3. <ul><li>General Value Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Desire Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Hubs and cluster points </li></ul>Concepts
    4. 4. <ul><li>Attracting power – proportion who engage with the display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strongly influenced by location on main pathways </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Holding power – length of time spent at display </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting & Holding Score </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= average holding power x percent who looked </li></ul></ul>Concepts
    5. 5. <ul><li>Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Counting / timing </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviours </li></ul>Observation methods
    6. 6. <ul><li>Follow visitors and mark their path on a floor plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Record gender, age, visiting group, kids/no kids </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Record start time and finish time </li></ul><ul><li>Mark path, stopping places and time spent </li></ul><ul><li>Use a new map for each person </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise data by showing main pathways </li></ul>Tracking
    7. 7. <ul><li>Choose displays/activities you want to focus on </li></ul><ul><li>Select specific blocks of time (e.g. 1 hour) </li></ul><ul><li>Count the number of people who attend to the display/activity and how long they spend doing it </li></ul>Counting and timing
    8. 11. <ul><li>Behaviours that suggest engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking toward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking, reading </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behaviours that suggest learning (Janette Griffin) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking, reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pointing, talking (social learning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Returning (synthesise, reflect, question) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attend to distance (looking near and far) </li></ul>Noting behaviours
    9. 12. <ul><li>Specify the learning outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Nominate behaviours required to achieve this outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Observe behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ‘Marvellous Molecules’ p17. </li></ul>Defined behaviours
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