3. Outline<br /><ul><li> Introduction to Airlines.
4. Regulation & responsibilities of airlines and pilots.
5. Code of Ethics
6. Crisis in Airtransat (Flight 236)
7. Crisis in Aeroflot (Flight 593)</li></li></ul><li>What is Airline Industry?<br /><ul><li>An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight, generally with a recognized operating certificate or license. Airlines lease or own their aircraft with which to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for mutual benefit.
8. Airlines vary from those with a single airplane carrying mail or cargo, through full-service international airlines operating hundreds of airplanes. Airline services can be categorized as being intercontinental, intra continental, domestic, or international and may be operated as scheduled services or charters.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Safety Regulation
9. Responsibilities of Airline Pilots
10. Code of Ethics</li></li></ul><li>SAFETY REGULATION <br /><ul><li>The Federal Aviation Administration licenses and regulates airline flight operations personnel, including flight crews, maintenance personnel and dispatchers, and exercises plenary jurisdiction over airline safety, training and maintenance procedures, technical flight standards, communications and ground equipment.
11. The FAA has implemented a number of requirements on aircraft manufacture and airline maintenance programs, including inspection and maintenance of aging aircraft, and corrosion control.
12. The FAA has broad jurisdiction over aircraft certification and registration.</li></li></ul><li>SAFETY REGULATION (Contd.) <br /><ul><li>Airlines must have and maintain FAA certificates of airworthiness
13. for all of their aircraft.
14. An airline airline’s flight personnel, flight and emergency procedure, s aircraft and maintenance facilities are subject to periodic inspection and tests by the FAA.
15. The FAA also holds broad jurisdiction over navigation and air traffic control, including collision avoidance and wind shear detection.</li></li></ul><li>Responsibilities of Airline Pilots<br /><ul><li>Analyzing flight plan, route & flying altitude.
16. Calculating fuel and supervise the loading and fuelling of the aircraft.
17. Ensuring all safety systems are working properly.
18. Carrying out pre-flight checks on the navigation and operating systems.
19. Updating the aircraft logbook and/or writing a report at the end of flight noting any incident or problem with the aircraft.</li></li></ul><li>Responsibilities of Airline Pilots<br /><ul><li>Communicating with air traffic control to take-off and during flight and landing.
20. Take off and landing noise regulations.
21. Regular checks on the aircraft’s technical performance, position, weather conditions and air traffic during flight.
22. Reacting quickly and appropriately to environmental changes and emergencies.
23. Briefing the cabin crew before flight, and maintaining regular contact throughout the flight.</li></li></ul><li>Code of Ethics<br /><ul><li>Safety and Comfort Clauses:
24. Duty Clauses:
25. Responsibility and Command Clauses:
26. Networking Clauses:
27. Respect and Loyalty Clauses:</li></li></ul><li>Accident Summary by Type of Operation(Worldwide Commercial Jet Fleet)<br />
28. Fatal Accidents(1999 Through 2008)<br />
29. Crisis in Airtransat<br />(Flight 236 of Airbus 330-243)<br />
30. Air Transat<br /><ul><li>Air Transat was founded by former Quebec air employees and managers in December 1986 as an off-shoot of Traffic Voyages.
31. Operating scheduled and charter flights, serving 90 destinations in 25 countries.
32. Today Air Transat is one of Canada's largest airlines, after Air Canada, Air Canada Jazz and West Jet.</li></li></ul><li>Air Transat Flight 236<br /><ul><li> On August 24, 2001 Air Transat Flight 236 was route between Toronto (Canada) and Lisbon (Portugal ).
33. Flown by captain Robert Piché and first officer Dirk DeJager.
34. The flight ran out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean with 306 passengers including crew onboard.
35. The flight crew managed to successfully glide the plane, and safely landed in the Azores with no loss of life.</li></li></ul><li>Flight Route<br />
36. Incident <br />
37. Accident Summary<br />
38. Investigation<br /><ul><li>The investigation was conducted by the Aviation Accidents Prevention and Investigation Department of Portugal.
39. It was determined that an incorrect replacement pump had been installed on the right Trent 700 engine.
40. About five hours into the flight, the pump had ruptured a fuel line spilling jet fuel into the Atlantic.
41. The fuel computer hadn't been programmed to recognize this particular problem.
42. The training programme for pilots does not include such critical situations.</li></li></ul><li>Crisis in Aeroflot<br />(Flight 593 Airbus 310-304)<br />
43. Aeroflot<br /><ul><li>The largest airline in Russia, based on passengers carried per year.
44. One of the oldest airlines in the world, tracing its history back to 1923.
45. The airline operates domestic and international passenger services to 97 cities in 48 countries.</li></li></ul><li>Aeroflot Flight 593<br />Aeroflot Flight 593, a “Russian Airlines” <br />Airbus A310-304 passenger airliner, operating on behalf of Aeroflot, crashed into a hillside in Siberia on 23 March 1994. All 75 passengers including crew were killed.<br />
46. Flight Route<br />
47. Incident<br />
48. Accident Summary<br />
49. Investigation<br /><ul><li>The major mistake was done by the caption who let his children to fly the plane.
50. The plane has no alarming system when the auto pilot disengaged.
51. There also negligence on the part of pilots because they didn’t monitored the indicators.</li></li></ul><li>Work Cited<br /><ul><li>http//:www.airdisaster.com
56. Report by Aviation accidents and prevention department of Portugal.