Intercollegiate Sports (2004)

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2004 presentation about NCAA and Intercollegiate Administration

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Intercollegiate Sports (2004)

  1. 1. Intercollegiate Sports Chapter 14
  2. 2. NCAA’s Creation  1905 President Theodore Roosevelt wanted to regulate football  Prisoner’s Dilemma  If all teams played by the rules, then any one school could benefit at the expense of its rivals by breaking the rules
  3. 3. NCAA’s Original Purpose  Reduce violence  Standardize play  Became a rules enforcer  Concerned with ethics
  4. 4. Organizational Overview  Voluntary organization  Over 1,150 member schools  Pay dues  Maintain ethical and academic standings  Comply by the rules  Controls all major revenue-producing collegiate events  Most of the revenues are from conducting championships  Not-for-profit organization
  5. 5. Conference  Groups of schools that compete to determine a conference champion in each sport  Revenue sharing within conferences
  6. 6. Divisions  Size of financial base  Number & type of sports offered  Focus of the program  Existence of athletic grants-in-aid
  7. 7. Division I  Must offer football & men’s basketball  Provide full grants-in-aid based on athletic ability  Highly competitive, focus is on national prominence  Financed through: student fees, gate receipts, TV revenues & licensing revenues
  8. 8. Division II  Offer grants-in-aid based on athletic ability  Goal of the program is regional prominence
  9. 9. Division III  Largest division  Focus is on participation  No grants-in-aid for athletic ability  Goal of the program is conference prominence
  10. 10. Function of NCAA “Board of Directors” NCAA Council (46 members) President/Institution al Members Steering Committees Committee on Infractions NCAA Executive Committee (14 members) NCAA Membership (1,150+) Annual Meeting Presidents Commission (Advisory Group)
  11. 11. Function of NCAA “Board of Directors” NCAA Council (46 members) President/Institution al Members Steering Committees Committee on Infractions NCAA Executive Committee (14 members) NCAA Membership (1,150+) Annual Meeting Presidents Commission (Advisory Group)  Members vote on:  Policies  Officers  Committee assignments  President’s Commission:  Advise the association on selected issues
  12. 12. Function of NCAA “Board of Directors” NCAA Council (46 members) President/Institution al Members Steering Committees Committee on Infractions NCAA Executive Committee (14 members) NCAA Membership (1,150+) Annual Meeting Presidents Commission (Advisory Group)  NCAA Council  Board of Directors  Interpret the constitution and bylaws  Arbiter of last resort on enforcement actions  Steering Committees  Consider matters within each division
  13. 13. Function of NCAA “Board of Directors” NCAA Council (46 members) President/Institution al Members Steering Committees Committee on Infractions NCAA Executive Committee (14 members) NCAA Membership (1,150+) Annual Meeting Presidents Commission (Advisory Group)  Executive Committee  Headed by the NCAA President  14 members  Handle financial matters  Oversee championships
  14. 14. Function of NCAA “Board of Directors” NCAA Council (46 members) President/Institution al Members Steering Committees Committee on Infractions NCAA Executive Committee (14 members) NCAA Membership (1,150+) Annual Meeting Presidents Commission (Advisory Group)  Infractions Committee  6 members  Investigate possible violations  Determine penalties
  15. 15. Investigation Process  Allegations are made by another school or evidence that strongly suggest problems  Investigative staff searches for evidence and takes depositions  If investigation turns up questionable practices, a more detailed investigation follows  Institution is notified  Infraction committee reviews evidence, questions institutions/players, and issues findings or sanctions  Institutions may make an appeal to NCAA Council
  16. 16. Critical Aspects  NCAA staff is not large enough to monitor member schools  NCAA acts on information given by coaches and competitor schools  NCAA may start an investigation on probabilistic evidence
  17. 17. NCAA Manual  Recruiting  Eligibility  Enforcement
  18. 18. Recruiting  “A member of an institutional athletic staff or a representative of its athletic interest shall not recruit a prospect except as permitted by this association”  NCAA Bylaw
  19. 19. Recruiting (cont.)  Contact with prospective athletes  Publicity of potential recruits  Personnel who may scout  Tryouts  Transportation for visitation  Number of contacts with a recruit  Behavior at sport camps/clinics
  20. 20. New Rules for D-I  Must use commercial aircraft & not upgrade from coach to first-class  Recruits and host sign agreements not to engage in inappropriate activities during visits  Colleges cannot use “special vehicles” for recruits  Modified with TVs, special decor  Recruits must stay in standard hotel rooms and receive standard meals
  21. 21. New Rules (cont.)  No personalized jerseys or simulating game- day experiences  Announcing a player’s name or showing a fake highlight film on the stadium or arena scoreboard.  Host to recruits must also host non-athletes  Coaches, administrators, recruits, and host are subject to the NCAA’s unethical conduct rules if recruits drink, use drugs, or otherwise behave inappropriately during visits.
  22. 22. University Representative  “An individual who is known (or should have been known) by members at the institution to have promoted or financially contributed to athletics at the university, or has been asked to recruit or assist a prospective student athlete”  NCAA Bylaw
  23. 23. University Representative  Once an individual is identified as a rep, the person retains that identity indefinitely
  24. 24. University Representative  No arrangement of employment of relatives  No gifts of clothing or equipment  Cannot co-sign loans  No gifts of cash or merchandise  Cannot grant free or reduced rate housing
  25. 25. Eligibility  “The student athlete shall complete his/her season of participation within 5 calendar years from beginning of the semester the student is first registered”  Must also complete 12 semester hours of academic course work
  26. 26. Freshman Eligibility  Sliding GPA scale & test scores  Must pass 14 core H.S. courses
  27. 27. College Eligibility  New standards require:  Pass 40% of degree courses before 3rd year  Pass 60% of degree courses before 4th year  Pass 80% of degree courses before 5th year
  28. 28. Enforcement  Administrators & coaches must provide full & complete disclosure  Burden of proof is on the accused  4-year statute of limitation on allegations
  29. 29. College Recruiting Violations  The bottom line in Division I is winning  Make $$$  Attractive to TV & Media  Increases school’s notoriety  Help coaches keep their jobs  Attract higher quality athletes
  30. 30. NCAA Structure Flaws  Focus on outputs rather than inputs  Break-even teams that attract quality athletes and produce winning records will cause rivals to infer illegal practices  Rivals will initiate an investigation  Rules work in favor of programs with long histories of winning/losing
  31. 31. NCAA Athletic Services  Education/Training: Advance Degree, 2/3 have law degree  Assist member institutions with interpretations of rules & regulations  Investigate/enforce compliance procedures with member institutions
  32. 32. Athletic Director  Focus is provide student-athletes with facilities & opportunities to compete at the highest level of their ability  Raise money from alumni  Insure athletes are making satisfactory academic progress  Keep the program within NCAA regulations
  33. 33. Associate/Assistant Athletic Director  Oversee specifics for:  Marketing  Sports Information/Public Relations  University Relations  Operations/Facilities  Fund Raising
  34. 34. Booster Club Coordinator  Boosters: Groups of alumni who support the athletic department financially  Coordinator work with alumni on a day-to- day basis for fundraising  Makes sure that everyone knows and follows the rules
  35. 35. Enforcement/Compliance  Make sure the athletic department is operating within the rules of the NCAA, the conference & college
  36. 36. Equipment Manager  Responsible for buying, maintaining & keeping track of all the equipment used by the athletes
  37. 37. Sports Information Director (SID)  Must be an expert in media relations, publishing & personnel management  Arrange interviews  Responsible for printed materials
  38. 38. Senior Woman Administrator  Top executive female administrator  Often just a title
  39. 39. Tickets  Backbone for Division I athletic department  Coordinate ticket plans

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