Historical Times What happen during 1993? Jan 20 - Bill Clinton becomes the 42nd President of the United States. Feb 11 – Janet Reno is selected to be the Attorney General of the United States. Feb 26 – The World Trade Center is bombed. 6 people are killed and over 1,000 injured. Feb 28 – The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms attempts to arrest David Koresh. April 17 – Laurence Powell and Stacey Koon are found guilty at the 2nd Rodney King trial. April 19 – In Waco, TX, the 51-day stand-off at the Branch Davidian compound ends . April 22 – The Holocaust Memorial Museum, located in Washington D.C., is dedicated.
April 28 – An executive order requires the Air Force to allow women to fly war planes. June 25 – Kim Campbell becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada. July 19 – Pres. Clinton announces his “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy. August 17 – This is the first day Buckingham Palace allows the public to enter the grounds. Sept 13 – PLO leader, Yassar Arafat, and Israeli Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rubin, sign a peace accord. Oct 19 – Benazir Bhutto becomes the first elected female Prime Minister in Pakistan. Dec 7 – The 32-member Transitional Executive Committee holds its first meeting in Cape Town. Dec 22 – The interim South African constitution was approved.
Cultural Norms Expressed through these Events Race: “That Was Then, This Is Now” Gender: “You’ve Come A Long Ways, Baby” New issues in the spotlight…
At this point in her life… Nationally-known figure Teacher Lecturer Poet Author Director Composer Plus…
Turning Points "Getups” – learned to be a bit discreet when necessary. Aunt Tee's story: learned to see life as an art that can be developed Book: Lessons in Truth, Practical Christianity. "God loves me.” Terry's Pub in NYC, 41 yrs old. NY Post. "I had standards.”
Links with the wider world Oprah Winfrey "On the Pulse of the Morning" for the Presidential inauguration American Library Association list of the 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990–2000
Human Agency Definition -Human agency is the capacity for human beings to make choices on the world. - Human agency entails the uncontroversial, weaker claim that humans do in fact make decisions and enact them to the world.
Human Agency in Making Choices Maya dresses in colorful clothes. She chooses and creates her own fashion because nobody knows her better than herself. Maya returns to live the Word of God after she was introduced to Lessons in Truth, and Frederick Wilkerson asked her to read “God loves me.” many times.
“It is wise to take time to develop one’s own way of being…Never try to take the manners of another as your own…” Angelou, p. 27
Activity Theory (of aging) A Theory of aging that proposes that higher levels of activity and involvement are directly related to higher levels of satisfaction in older adults.
Disengagement Theory (of aging) Theory of social gerontology that suggests that as elderly individuals grow older, they gradually decrease their social interactions and ties and become increasingly self-preoccupied. Example: “Once a year or so I give myself a day away… I inform housemates, my family, and close friends that I will not be reachable for twenty-four hours; the then I disengage the telephone” (p.137).
Ego Integrity vs. Ego Despair Integrity- Accepting oneself and seeing one’s life as meaningful. Despair- Rejecting oneself and one’s life. Examples:
Death and Legacy- “When I think of death, and of late the idea has come with alarming frequency, I seem at peace with the idea that a day will dawn when I will no longer be among those living in this valley” (p. 47). [Despair]
Getups- “You will always be in fashion if you are true to yourself” (p.57).[Integrity]
“I realize that living well is an art which can be developed. Of course, You will need the basic talents to build upon: They are a love of life and ability to take great pleasure from small offerings, an assurance that the world owes you nothing and every gift is exactly that, a gift” (p. 65). [Integrity]
Continuity Theory Individuals adapt to changes by using the same coping styles they have used throughout the life course, and they adopt new roles that substitute for roles lost because of age.
In the past we saw how Maya Angelou was writing in a different way. She was providing her readers with a detailed description of some of her life experiences that she lived in certain stages of her life.
Now in her late adulthood we still see Maya Angelou writing, but now she is providing her readers with her reflections on some of her life experiences.
Feminist Theory & Life Course Perspective Feminist Theory
Gender is a key factor in understanding a person’s aging experience.
Ex: “Being a woman is hard work” (p.6). Life Course Perspective
Aging is a dynamic, lifelong process characterized by many transitions.
Ex: Maya Angelou writes this book in a life course perspective taking in consideration certain stages of her life. Naomi Judd attend Dr. Maya Angelou's 82nd birthday party with friends and family at Angelou's home on May 20, 2010 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Social Exchange Theory Resource exchanges in interpersonal interactions change with age. Ex: Older persons get involved in volunteer activities; this activity may also be seen as fulfilling an emotional need that provides a personal gain. Ex: “The New Testament informs the reader that it is more blessed to give than to receive” (p. 15)
Risk Factors Possibility of death because of her age Health problems Small family circle Friends that have passed away
Protective Factors Spirituality Financial stability Independent Experience in problem solving Confident Self-Image Large circle of friends
Protective Factors Cont. Does not seem to have any signs of Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease Continues to work: writing books, poems, directing and starring in films, also teaches at various colleges and universities Early life experiences Resilient Not afraid of dying
That story has stayed with me for nearly thirty years, and when a tale remains fresh in my mind, It almost always contains a lesson which will benefit me. µMaya Angelou
POP QUIZ! Where was Maya Angelou born? Saint Louis, Missouri List 1 event that happened during 1993? Please review How old was she when she first wrote our group book? Age 65
POP QUIZ! What are some of the theories we discussed about? Please Review What are some protective factors we discussed? Please Review Did you guys enjoy this? Ha hahaha