Cesar javier


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Este trabajo ha sido realizado por un alumno del IES FRancés de Aranda de Teruel dentro del proyecto LEONARDO DA... JUEGO, desarrollado junto con el IES Salvador VIctoria de Monral del Campo en el curso 2012/2013

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Cesar javier

  1. 1. Cesar Peralta & Javier Urango
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION: Leonardo da Vinci was anitalian renaissance engineer, painter, sculptor,architect, musician,mathematician, inventor,anatomist,geologist, cartographer,botanist, and writer.
  3. 3.  Leonardo da vinci made manycontributions in a lot of fields:Science: Leonardo da Vinci did many researchesin different scientific fields, some of them are:• Medicine• Anatomy• Botany• Ophthalmology• Fisiology• Mechanics
  4. 4. Medicine: Leonardo da Vinci contributed tomedicine with his studies of anatomy andophthalmology.
  5. 5. - Mechanics: Leonardo da Vinci also did severalcontributions in the field of the mechanics. Heinvented and designed many machines:• Fly machines: The hang glider, the airscrew...• War machines: The catapult, thetank...• Other machines: The prototype of acar, a type of bicycle...
  6. 6. TankCatapultCarFly Machine
  7. 7. - Art: he contributed to many aspects of art:• Painting: he painted many famouspictures.• Sculpture: he sculpted someimportant scultures.• Architecture: he ìmproved the waysof drawing plans using newtechniques.
  8. 8.  Anatomy research: anatomy before daVinci time:- Until the renaissance, anatomy was notrealistic. Anatomical drawings and modelswere flat and schematic.- In the 13th century dissections of humancorpses started to be made in Italy. They willbe done in France some years later.- During the 13th and 14th century surgery wasunusual.
  9. 9. - During Leonardo da Vinci time anatomyknowledge improved considerably.- In the 15th century, artists began to doanatomical dissections of human corpses.Some of those artists were: Verrochio,Mantegna, Miguel Ángel, Rafael, Durero andLeonardo da Vinci.Anatomy during da Vinci time:
  10. 10. -Leonardo da Vinci was the main genius whocontributed to anatomical drawings, studies andfindings.-He studied how the heart and the brain work and healso researched the circulatory system.-He also studied the functions of the respiratory,digestive and cardiovascular system.
  11. 11. How Leonardo da Vinci expandedknowledge of human anatomy:-Leonardo da Vinci expanded the knowledge ofhuman anatomy with his studies:• He studied the circulation of the blood and hediscovered that the blood is always flowing.• He studied the muscles of the heart and he madedrawings of the valves.• He also made a drawing of the femalereproductive system.
  12. 12. Methods for mading his studies:•Leonardo da Vinci used several methods for hisstudies:- He stole corpses for dissections.- He also made autopsies to dead bodiesthat were given to Leonardo.- For his studies he also used animalbodies.
  13. 13. - Leonardo da Vinci obtained several conclusionsafter his anatomical studies:• The spinal cord was the centre of life.• The blood is flowing constantly through allthe body carring nutrients to all its parts.• The eye, instrument of eyesight is locatedin the superior whole, and in the spacebelow it, there is a fluid which feed the rootof the teeth.Conclusions:
  14. 14. Leonardo da Vinci did not exhibit hisdrawings:- Da Vinci´s intention was to publish thesestudies in an treatise on anatomy, but at the timeof his death in 1519, his anatomical research hadnot been shown.- As Leonardo da Vinci could not exhibit hisdrawings, their whereabouts were unknown andthey were found recently.
  15. 15.  Comparison with anatomical drawings: