Involves two or more groups, organizations.
Occurs in societal level. It focuses more
upon social structure, social processes,
problems and also their interrelationships.
Conflict due to gender differences,
ideological differences, class struggle etc.
EXAMPLES OF MACRO LEVEL
1. The battle between North Korea and
South Korea. ( 25 June 1950 – 27 July
it is the result of the political division of
The failure to hold free elections
throughout the Korean peninsular in
1948 deepen the division between two
The situation escalated into open
warfare when North Korea invaded
South Korea on 25 June 1950.
2. The Malaysian drug muler who is
proved to be guilty and will be
sentenced to death in Singapore.
Dinesh Pillai Raja Retnam was handed
penalty in the High Court.
Malaysian foreign minister had considered
in with a letter to plead for clemency.
But not accepted and the man was
hanged to death.
THE ORIGIN OF
SRI LANKAN CIVIL WAR
During the colonial period many Sri
Lankan Tamils, particularly those from
the Jaffna peninsula, took advantage
of educational facilities established by
missionaries and the British policy of
divide and rule which placed minorities
in positions of power in colonies, and
soon dominated the civil service and
When Sri Lanka became independent in
1948, a majority of government jobs were
held by Tamils, who were a minority of the
The elected leaders saw this as the result of a
British strategy to control the
majority Sinhalese, and deemed it a situation
that needed correction as they scared that
they will live as a slave to Tamil minority.
In 1958 the Tamil political leadership
acquiesced to a formula of Sinhala as the
official language, but with the 'reasonable
use of Tamil„
Only the Left parties opposed this, holding
out for parity of status between the two
However, after the Tamil people gave an
overwhelming mandate to the Tamil ethnic
Federal party, which had agreed to a
subordinate status for the Tamil language,
the Left parties eventually abandoned
parity of status.
* Disagreement between the
Sinhalese and Tamil ethnic
* Denial of citizenship to estate
* Declaration of the “Sinhala only Act”
* Rebel Liberation of Tamil Eelam
* Sri Lankan government reestablishes
control over entire island.
* Tamil National Alliance drops the demand
for a separate state.
* Significant hardships for the population,
environment and the economy of the
country, with an estimated 80,000–100,000
people killed during its course. (Sri Lanka)
* Sri Lankan armed forces adopted
widespread rape and indiscriminate killings
of civilians as reprisal attacks on Tamil
* These uncontrolled reprisal attacks gave
rise to terrorism on the part of LTTE to
control the Sri Lankan armed forces' rapes
and indiscriminate killings.
* Importing Tamil-language films,
books, magazines, journals, etc.
from the cultural hub of Tamil
Nadu, India was banned.
* Rise of separatism (Sinhalese
& Tamil) – children cannot study
in the same school.