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Hearing material 1.17 Hearing material 1.17 Document Transcript

  • OdenOden is a Japanese winter dish consisting of several ingredients such asboiled eggs, daikon radish, konnyaku, and processed fish cakes stewed in alight, soy-flavoured dashi broth. Ingredients vary according to region andbetween each household. Karashi (Japanese mustard) is often used as acondiment.Oden was originally what is now commonly called miso dengaku or simplydengaku; konnyaku or tofu was boiled and one ate them with miso. Later,instead of using miso, ingredients were cooked in dashi and oden becamepopular.Oden is often sold from food courts, and most Japanese convenience storeshave simmering oden pots in winter. Many different kinds of oden are sold,with single-ingredient varieties as cheap as 100 yen.In Nagoya, it may be called Kantō-ni and soy sauce is used as a dippingsauce. Miso oden is simmered in hatcho-miso broth, which is lightly sweettaste. Konjac and tofu are common ingredients.In Kansai area they are sometimes called Kantō-daki and tend to bestronger flavoured than the lighter Kantō version.Oden in Shizuoka use a dark coloured broth flavoured with beef stock anddark soy sauce, and all ingredients are skewered. Dried and ground fish(sardine, mackerel, or katsuobushi) and aonori powder (edible seaweed) aresprinkled on top before eating.Udon restaurants in Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku almost always offeroden as a side dish, to be eaten with sweet miso while waiting for the udon.―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――Japan arrests woman who lived with cult fugitive
  • A woman claiming to have lived with a senior member of the doomsday cultbehind the 1995 nerve gas attack on Tokyos subways turned herself in andwas arrestedTuesday for helping him evade police for nearly 17 years.Akemi Saito, also a member of Aum Shinrikyo, gave herself up after MakotoHirata surrendered to police on New Years Eve,according to police and Saitos lawyer.Hirata has refused to explain how he managed to keep underground for solong despite being one of Japans most-wanted fugitives.He is suspected of involvement in a cult-related kidnapping-murder in 1995.High Food Prices, Revolutions, and the FutureFood prices are down from their record highs in February. But prices arestill higher than they were a year ago. In a year of Arab protests, high foodprices helped fuel the anger against oppression, corruption and poverty.Many experts think the political fires that burned across North Africa andthe Middle East started last year in the wheat fields of Russia. Acombination of heat, drought and wildfires during the summer of twenty-tendestroyed one-third of Russias winter wheat crop. World food prices roseafter Russia halted wheat exports.Shenggen Fan is head of the International Food Policy Research Institute inWashington. He links higher food prices to the uprisings in Egypt and otherArab countries.The last time food prices jumped was in two thousand eight. At that time,Egypt was also was among the countries where food riots anddemonstrations took place.
  • Ghiyath Nakshbendi is a professor in the Department of InternationalBusiness at American University in Washington. He agrees that food pricesplayed a part in the Arab revolutions.Cornell University economist Chris Barrett says another problem is thatgains in farm production have slowed.He says food supplies are not growing enough to meet the demand of sevenbillion people. The world is expected to add two billion more by the middle ofthe century. And people in emerging economies like China are eating moremeat, which requires more animal feed. But in twenty-eleven, for the firsttime, the United States used more maize, or corn, for biofuels than foranimal feed.The good news is that high prices always encourage farmers to grow more. Arecord harvest in twenty-eleven is helping to ease food prices in many partsof the world, but not all.