500 BCEHippocrates:Was able to identify the symptoms of Malaria andeventually leading to the discovery of whereMalaria was coming from saving the lives of manyRomans who otherwise would have died.
350 BCEGreece:Alexander the Great was thought tohave brought with him the ﬁrst signs ofleprosy to Europe after Alexander’sarmy came back from India. Skull found in Northwestern India, showing signs of leprosy.
330 BCEZoroastrians found personal hygiene and publichealth helped to prevent infectious diseases.
202 BCE TCM or Traditional Chinese Medicine took into account geography, climate and phenology to diagnose diseases. The use of ﬁre in TCM allowed people to switch from eating raw foods to eating cooked food and by keeping warm which reduced possibilities of disease.
100 BCE- 40 BCEJulius Caesar was said to have been epileptic orhaving “the falling down sickness”. There has beencontroversy to whether this is true or not, somedebate that Caesar had malaria.
19 BCEAncient Rome:Romans have been known for their public baths and use of irrigation, but thereality is that public baths were very unsanitary to today’s standards.They werecesspools for bacteria because of the contamination of sick people bathing withthe healthy.They often spread diseases such as typhoid fever and tuberculosis.Roman’s were advised to evacuate the city from July- October because this wasthe peak of diseases and morality rate increased.
80 CE Rome: As a result of many indoor activities such as burning wood, animal and vegetable oils, indoor pollution became a problem to Roman’s health. Being in such environments lead to lung complications and lung diseases.
541-760 CEThe Plague of Justinian ravished the Byzantine Empirestarting at 541 CE and lasting 16 cycles until 760 CE. Asa result the population suffered great losses. It wasbelieved to have killed 5,000 people per day at its peak.