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Industry vs. Inferiority

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  • 1. Preschool children belong to the fourth stage of Erikson’s psychosocial stage which is the Industry vs. Inferiority. It is the psychosocial crisis that children will have to resolve in this stage.
  • 2. Industry vs. Ineriority Industry refers to a child’s involvement in situations where long, patient work is demanded of them. Inferiority is the feeling created when a child gets a feeling of failure when they cannot finish or master their school work.
  • 3. In this stage, children will most likely, have begun going to school. School experiences become the priority, with children so busy doing school work.
  • 4. Understanding the self One’s self concept is the knowledge about the self, such as beliefs regarding personality, traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals and roles. It also involves a sense of belonging and acceptance, a sense of good and a sense of being capable of doing good.
  • 5. Healthy self-concept means and believes that he can do well… Feels accepted by his family and friends
  • 6. Primary school children’s self concept is influenced not only by their parents, but also by the growing number of people they begin to interact with, including teachers and classmates.
  • 7. School years In this transition from pre-elementary to primary school, children tend to become increasingly self-confident and able to cope well with social interactions. The issue of FAIRNESS and EQUALITY become important to them as they learn to care for people who are not part of their families.
  • 8. Building Friendships Making friends is a crucial but very important part of children’s social and emotional growth. As soon as they will tend to show natural inclination to be around other children. Children, during this stage, most likely belong to a Peer groups.
  • 9. .
  • 10. Primary school children prefer to belong to peer groups of the same gender. Many children will use their surroundings to observe and mingle with other children. Some will see this as an opportunity to make friends while others remain a bit of loner.
  • 11. Antisocial Behavior It is characterized by a long-standing pattern of a disregard for other people’s rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights. It usually begins in childhood or as a teen and continues into their adult lives.
  • 12. How can parents and teachers help children make friends? • Expose the children to kid-rich environments (e.g. playgrounds, park) • Create a play group in your class and let the children mingle with their classmates. • When your children hit other children, remind them that their behavior hurts others. • Coordinate with the parents and other teachers so that the children will have greater opportunity to interact with other children.
  • 13. Self control Once children reach school age, they begin to take pride in their capacity to exert effort. They like receiving feedbacks from their parents and teachers. This becomes a great opportunity for parents and teachers to encourage positive emotional responses from children by acknowledging their mature, compassionate behaviors.
  • 14. Thank you 