Dyslexia is a specific learning preference which is constitutional in origin (part of the child) and which, for a given level of ability, may cause unexpected difficulties in the acquisition of certain literacy and numeracy skills.
A simple definition...............
Children who think and talk faster than they read, write and spell.
Phonological processing difficulties
Poor retention of previously learned reading and writing skills
Unexpectedly poor output for considerable effort
Does not recognise familiar words
Difficulty with sequencing and with retaining a sequence over time, eg. has the right letters but in the wrong order or days of week etc.
Problems pulling out the answers and articulating it
Reads slowly and consistently makes decoding errors
Frustration or task avoidance of text tasks-class clown
Poor handwriting with reversals
Unsure of hand preference
Difficulty following instructions
May develop compensatory skills
Can have strengths in almost any other area that is not primarily literacy based
May develop great persistence and perseverance
Enjoy helping with chores or physical activities
Strengths is creativity and higher level thinking processes
Alexander Graham Bell
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
Teaching harder does not work, we need to teach differently
Multi-sensory tasks and activities wherever possible – Mike Scadden P.D
Differentiate by outcome as well as task
Success at school for dyslexic students should not depend on their being lucky enough to have a dyslexia-aware teacher
Dyslexics think differently. They think in pictures rather than words.
They prefer to receive, process and present information orally or visually rather than via the written word
Early detection is crucial
SO WHAT CAN I DO???
“ NOTICE AND ADJUST”
Close observation of students who are having difficulty learning via traditional methods
Create Parent Partnerships
Screen for dyslexia if necessary (4% of the 10% of estimated dyslexics will need more than the adjustments to the class programme)
“ ADJUSTING” TEACHING
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFO? http://www.4d.org.nz/school/download.html http://www.4d.org.nz/school/4d_main.html http://www.4d.org.nz/edge/ - watch video clips from Neil Mackay’s seminars http :// www.dyslexiafoundation.org.nz/index_flash.php