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Present tenses
 

Present tenses

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    Present tenses Present tenses Presentation Transcript

    • Present Tenses
    • Present Simple
    • Robert plays football for a small team in Birmingham.
      facts & permanent states
    • It rarely rains in the desert.
      general thruts & laws of nature
    • He usually trains for 5 hours a day.
      habits & routines (with always, usually, etc)
    • The next match starts at 5:30 next Sunday.
      timetables & programmes (in the future)
    • Robert takes the ball, passes it to Ben and scores.
      sporting commentaries, reviews & narrations
    • The fans love him. He is a very good player.
      feelings & emotions
    • usually, often, always, every day / week / month / year, in the morning / afternoon / evening, at night / the weekend, on Fridays etc.
      TIME EXPRESSIONS
    • Present Continuous
    • Arthur is learning how to ski this week.
      actions taking place at or around the moment of speaking
    • We are staying at an expensive hotel at the moment.
      temporary situations
    • Our friends are visiting us tomorrow.
      fixed arrangements in the near future
    • The team is playing better and better all the time.
      currently changing & developing situations
    • They are always talking in class.
      with adverbs such always to express anger or irritation at a repeated action
    • now, at the moment, at present, these days, nowadays, still, today, tonight etc.
      TIME EXPRESSIONS
    • Stative Verbs
    • You look gorgeous today.
      verbs of the senses (see, hear, smell, taste, feel, look, sound, seem, appear,etc)
    • They know what to do.
      verbs of perception (know, believe, understand, realise, remember, forget, etc)
    • Susan prefers to go to the theatre than to the cinema.
      verbs which express feelings & emotions (like, love, hate, enjoy, prefer, detest, desire, want, etc)
    • The tour includes meals and transportation.
      some other verbs (be, contain, include, belong, fit, need, matter, cost, own, want, owe, weigh, wish, have, keep, etc)
    • BE
      a permanent characteristic
      a temporary condition
      She’s usually quite honest.
      She isn’t being very honest.
    • THINK
      = believe
      = are considering
      I think they will win the championship this year.
      They are thinking of buying a laptop.
    • HAVE
      = own, possess
      = 1) are experiencing
      2) is taking
      3) are eating
      They have a good coach.
      They are having a wonderful season.
      He is having a bath.
      They are having their breakfast now.
    • SEE
      = 1) it is visible
      2) understand
      = is meeting
      I can see the tower from here.
      I can see what you are trying to do.
      Kelly is seeing her boss at one o’clock.
    • TASTE
      = it is, has the flavour of
      = is testing
      The cake tastes fruity.
      Mum is tasting the food to check if it’s too salty.
    • SMELL
      = has the aroma
      = is sniffing
      The cake smells very good.
      Aunt Vicky is smelling the roses.
    • APPEAR
      = seem to
      = is performing
      They appear to be tired.
      My favourite actor is appearing in this play.
    • FIT
      = is the right size
      = are installing
      This dress fits me very well.
      The technicians are fitting the new scoreboards at the stadium.
    • EXPECT
      = think
      = anticipate
      I don’ expect you like this, but I’m leaving the company.
      I’ve been expecting you to arrive since 8 o’clock this morning.
    • Present Perfect
    • We have been to the stadium twice.
      an action happened at unstated time in the past; the time is unimprotant or unknown
    • They have known them for five years.
      an action started in the past and continues up to the present, especially with stative verbs
    • John has cleaned the house.
      a recently sompleted action, when the event is still relevant or is still news
    • She has lost five kilos.
      personal experiences & changes
    • We have typed five letters today.
      an action happened within a specific time period which is not over at the moment of speaking (today, this morning / evening / week / month, etc)
    • A new zoo for endangered species has opened in the Lake District. It took five years to build and runs entirely on solar energy.
      general news or information, followed by more detail using the past simple
    • She has gone to school.(= She’s on her way there or she’s there now. She hasn’t come back yet)
      She has been to Chicago.( = She has visited Chicago but she isn’t there now. She has come back.)
      She has been in Japan for two years. (= She lives in Japan now.)
      HAVE BEEN or HAVE GONE
    • for, since, already, always, just, ever, never, so far, today, this week / month, how long, lately, recently, still, yet, by now, etc.
      TIME EXPRESSIONS
    • Present Perfect Continuous
    • They have been playing well the whole match.
      to put emaphasis on the duration of an action which started in the past and continues up to the present
    • He’s sweating because he has been running all day.
      an action which started in the past and lasted for some time; it may still be continuing or have already finished with the result visible in the present
    • Somebody has been using my computer.
      to express anger, irritation or annoyance
    • They are very likely to win the cup because they have been training a lot.
      for repeated actions in the past continuing to the present
    • for, since, how long, all day / morning / month, lately, recently, etc.
      TIME EXPRESSIONS