Waste Management
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  • 1. INSTITUT PERGURUAN SULTAN ABDUL HALIM Nama TAN GEOK TIN Kumpulan / Unit 1C Semester 1 KPLI AMBILAN JAN 2009 Nama Pensyarah EN. HASNUL HISHAM BIN HASHIM Tarikh Serahan 18 Mei 2009
  • 2. Plastics bottles, glass bottles were simply thrown away…
  • 3. Garbage was threw into the drain…
  • 4. Coconut shells can turn into biofuel but were thrown away without further utilization…
  • 5. Exhaust gas from vehicles which results the air pollution and global warming…
  • 6. Useful aluminium cans were dumped without further utilization…
  • 7. Smokes eliminated from the chimney of the factories cause the air pollution…
  • 8. Waste threw at the riverside cause the water pollution…
  • 9. Polluted river…
  • 10. Types of waste found in the previous pictures
  • 11. Waste Solid Liquid Gas Organic • Coconut shell • Papers • Food residues Chemical • Glass bottle • Synthetic • Smoke from detergen the • Plastic bottle factories • Cooking oils • Plastic bags • Smoke from the vehicles • Cans • Polystyrene
  • 12. What's in your bin? Analysis of household waste composition
  • 13. Seperating the waste into different types. Using rubbish bags. Recycling the waste. Reusing the waste. Burying the waste. Disposing the chemical waste according to the regulations.
  • 14. Analysis • When developing a waste management solution, the following aspects should be considered: – the volume of waste generated – the equipment required – a suitable service schedule – knowledge of waste streams that are commonly disposed of – identify recycling opportunities
  • 15. Collection • The waste management solution will indicate the type of vehicle/s required to service the bin. • Other elements that need to be considered at the time of waste collection are: – positioning of the bin – the type of bin – the waste stream collected in the nominated bins, and locks, chains and bars in use
  • 16. Transportation • A courier service for waste resources. • Employs a fleet of vehicles to waste and recycling collections: – front lift trucks – rear lift trucks – hook trucks
  • 17. Recovery • Resource Recovery Centers (RRC) or Material Recovery Facility (MRF). • These facilities sort the waste resources into piles of like materials, the resources are packaged for transportation to the next phase – recyclable items are sent to a recycling facility – non-recyclable items or general waste is disposed at landfill.
  • 18. Recycling / Disposal • Depending on the type of material, whether it is recycled or disposed of at landfill. • Recyclable waste is recycled and is diverted away from landfill. • Non Recycables like General Waste are disposed of at landfill.
  • 19. References • http://www.planetpals.com/recyclefacts.html • http://www.wasteonline.org.uk/resources/Inf ormationSheets/HouseholdersRecycling.htm • http://www.wanless.com.au/what_is_waste_ management.html