Colour scheme derived from ColorBrewer developed by Cindy Brewer at PennState University.http://www.personal.psu.edu/cab38/ColorBrewer/ColorBrewer_intro.html
Started in 2003 by the FAO of the UN.Combined portal/catalogue component of the OGC SDI 1.0Standards: CS/W, ISO 19115, WMS, SLD, Z3950, FGDC, Dublin CoreContains tools for managing and publishing metadata on spatial data, services and related resourcesRobust user/group security modelEmbedded Intermap for visualisation and GeoServer for rendering and cascading.FGDC = Federal Geographic Data CommitteeBlueNet – Australian Marine Science Data NetworkDoes not (yet) support the ebRIM profile of CS/W.Supports harvesting of remote catalogueshttp://www.geonetwork-opensource.org/Image from: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Yale_card_catalog.jpgImage is in the public domain.
Gis - open source potentials
Cloud and open source GISTim Willoughby, Assistant Director, LGCSB
The Currency of your data• Automating Change Management• Information where and when it is required• Flexible digital delivery• Data Accuracy Improvement• Do you trust your Data enough to share it?
5 Business DriversThe World has to be • SaaS, IaaS, PaaS, Web 2.0 / 3.0, Peer to Peer on the Cloud • Addressing and Adapting change and to change • Instantaneous, Online Response from Inter-continental companies The World is Flat • Digital Supply Chain across Global companies / across the globe • Environmental ComplianceThe world is green • Reduce your own and your companies Carbon Footprint • Consumers and Workforce - always on - connected anywhereThe World is Mobile • Increased demand and expectation for services The World of Low • Energy and Cost Efficient Computing and Data Centres Cost ICT • Flatter Budgets require Efficiencies CAPX and OPEX
Effective Communication• Clear Messages• Reduce Complexity• Don’t have opinions on everything• Good and Bad News
Security is changing• Security has to be appropriate• Security has to be measured• Can have things so secure that they are unusable.
Cloud / Open is forcing ChangeWith or Without the Owners / Shareholders
So far ICT has not fundamentally changed government • 1990s: lCT expected to make government more transparent, efficient and user oriented • 2005+: disillusion as bureaucracy still in existence • Can Cloud Help?Jane E. Fountain – Gov 1.0 – Just Replicating the Silos on the Internet
Goverment dont always Understand What the people Want?
why is open source important? “Think free as in free speech, not free beer.” - Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation 10
who uses open source?90% of supercomputers60% of internet servers30% of smart phones 11
What is Cloud?A pool of highlyscalable, abstractedinfrastructure, capable ofhosting end-customerapplications, that is billedby consumption.
What has Cloud ever done for GIS? Apart from Scale, Enterprise Mapping, Open Data, Standards, Google, API’s, Open Street Maps, Map Servers, GIS - More than just Location, Spatial Analysis and wider adoption now possible 20
What do you need for GISHardwareSoftwareDataPeopleTrainingProcesses 13
Or.. Another way HardwareProcesses Software People / Data Training 22
Hardware Software• GIS Software • Open Source• Data Software• OS Software• Network Software 24
People /HardwareProcesses Training• Standards • Evolving• Specifications• Guidelines 25
Hardware Data• We have lots • Evolving• GIS – About the Data..• Tools are important, standards more so 26
Why do Government use GIS• Massive demand for timely, relevant information — “picture says a 1000 words”• Support decision making – Provide users with all the information required to make an informed decision. – Ability to integrate vast amounts of data within one View (Mashup) – Exploit visualisation techniques to present information according to user preference (Raster, vector, 3D, tabular etc) – Visualise /identify patterns/trends etc – Personalisation – Mobile 27
The Data Underworld Massive network of services: water, sewage, drains … Need to know asset location for planning and maintenance Many databases, varying accuracy and provenance Context Ongoing street openings p.a. Safety!
Social and Multi MediaResponding through innovation
FOSS4G:Free and OpenSourceSoftware forGeospatialOSGEO:The Open SourceGeospatialFoundation All of the products well talk about today are both free and open-source
Open Source SDI Architecture14 March 2008 Open Source Geospatial 45
Why Use Open Source GIS?1. Marketable skills In this ever-changing job market it is a huge benefit to be able to bring a total GIS package to the table2. Supported by huge development & support community Community is very passionate about helping each other but and continually improving software3. Low start-up costs It is now possible to install a complete GIS stack without paying a cent - LEGALLY4. Security Arguably more secure than proprietary software Backed by large development community Bugs are found and fixed quickly
Why Use Open Source GIS? (cont’d)5. Works on all major platforms (Mac, Linux, Windows)6. Complimentary business model vs linear (see next two slides)7. Theres nothing missing Desktop GIS, Spatial Database Storage, Server... Tons of analysis tools (No licensing worries) Community developed add-ons8. Works with existing GIS data Import .shp files, most major formats Export to most major formats ArcSDE now connects to PostGIS (OS Database)9. No file format lock-in10. Did we mention FREE? Potentially save enough money on software to save jobs
Open Source Dev. Model Org. 2: Org. 1: Org. 3: $$$ Code in New feature Documentation in, funders code out 10110 0011 0110 DOCUMENTATION Org. 4: OS Community Community-funded $$$$$$$ Developers 0110 1100 0110 0110 0110 Org. 5: 0110 110 0110 Customer of Org. 6: contributor $$$ Consultant/ 1010 1010 $$$ Org.6 Contributor 0110 1100 0110 1100 0100 Org. 7: Ideas and money in, 0110 Org. 8: code out Code and money in, code and money outCredit: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Library Holmes_2006a
The Stack ..in another form..Credit: http://opengeo.org/publications/opengeo-architecture/
PostgreSQL + PostGIS PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system A true spatial database Conforms to Open Geospatial Consortium standards* ArcSDE can connect to it New to ArcGIS Server 9.3 Secure storage for both spatial and non spatial data Column level permissions granularity PostGIS "spatially enables" the PostgreSQL server, allowing it to be used as a backend spatial database for (GIS), much like ESRIs SDE*The Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc.® (OGC) is a non-profit, international, voluntary consensus standards organization that is leading thedevelopment of standards for geospatial and location based services.
GeoServerOutputs: WMS, WFS, KML, GeoJSON, GeoRSS, more..Share and edit geospatial dataOpen standards allow publishing from any major spatial data sourceincluding: shapefiles, SQL Server, PostGIS, DB2, Oracle, WFS, TIFFImages, MySQLIntegrates with existing APIs (Google, yahoo, etc.)Connects to ArcGIS ServerWMS can be easily added into existing ArcMap .mxdshttp://geoserver.org/display/GEOS/WelcomeGeoServer is an open source software server written in Java that allows users to share and editgeospatial data. Designed for interoperability, it publishes data from any major spatial data sourceusing open standards…GeoServer is the reference implementation of the Open Geospatial Consortium(OGC) Web Feature Service (WFS) and Web Coverage Service (WCS) standards, as well as a highperformance certified compliant Web Map Service (WMS). GeoServer forms a core component of theGeospatial Web.
GeoNetwork Started in 2003 by FAO Portal/catalogue components of SDI 1.0 Manage and public metadata Supports multiple metadata standards New standard supported by XSLT transform Robust user/group security model14 March 2008 Open Source Geospatial 55
Open Data• Addressing Prime 2, Opportunities for change, GeoDirectory, PRA• Security Surveillance, Privacy, Confidentiality,• Standards Protocol for Use, Governance, Adoption, Developments,• Enterprise Apps, Commercialisation, Economic Benefits, Education, Jobs Initiatives,• Citizenship What does the citizen want from Open Data? 56
Are we There yet?• No - Many issues to be sorted out• Data• Data Protection, Data Retention, Data Availability, Data Retrieval, Continuity, Backup,• Continuity, Controllers v’s Processors• Security• Access Control, Where is my data, who has access to it, virtually, actually, physically• SLA• Standard for whole world, Specific for Government or you..• Legality• Data Protection, Consumer Law, Liability for Breach, Contract Terms – Standardised..• Closed / Open Source• Risk• Cloud not specifically Regulated for – doesnt mean its not regulated• Exit• Provide for Exit in Contact – Interoperability of Cloud...WhichCloud 60