This is an iPhone App that has been built with Fingal Bring Bank dataIt displays all Bring BanksIt allows filtering on the type of recyclable material – glass, cans or textilesIt displays information about the selected Bring BankIt also identifies the nearest Bring Bank to your location and will provide directions to Bring Banks
…that help people understand howtechnology might help their Organisation…
I live here... According to Google Streetmaps 8
In Technical Terms •I’m a Webservice – •Sitting between the Technical Teams and the Business Teams, translating and relating between them.. •With Plenty of SOAP and REST....Turn that noise off, can’t you see I’m busy…keep your silly ideas to yourself - I’ve got ajob to do!
I live in Naas…• NAAS – Network as a Service• Used to be a Nice place to shop!
Open Government?“If people don’t know what you’re doing, theydon’t know what you’re doing wrong”“Jim Hacker”Open Government (I980)
Cloud is forcing ChangeWith or Without the Owners / Shareholders
So far ICT has not fundamentally changed government • 1990s: lCT expected to make government more transparent, efficient and user oriented • 2005+: disillusion as bureaucracy still in existence • Can Cloud Help?Jane E. Fountain – Gov 1.0 – Just Replicating the Silos on the Internet
Goverment dont always Understand What the people Want?
Why have we not done so well? It is unfortunate that the first 3 letters of eGovernment are…
Security is changing• Security has to be appropriate• Security has to be measured• Can have things so secure that they are unusable.
CIO Priorities…Source: “ Gartner Scenario: The Current State and Future Directions of the IT Industry”
What is Cloud• Vendors – Whatever you want / Need it to be…• Its too Vague –• Talking about Cloud Security – when Cloud is defined as everything you ever wished for…
Moving to the Cloud?1. Leaving your apartment! 2. Moving your Data
Barriers Psychological Barriers Platform Lock-In, Dependence, Governance Security Compliance Costs Application Architecture How do we design applications lo take advantage of the cloud? Grow and shnnk on-demand (scalability) Data affinity Portability Efficiency Performance Fault-tolerance and self-healing
Positives Scale Cost CAPEX OPEX Advance Architecture Agility Cost - Clouds are renowned for being dirt cheap for storage and burst-y processing. Elasticity - Growth and shrinkage
Negatives Security & Privacy . Conflicts with international laws? Where is my Data - Is it safe? For Whom and at what level? Regulatory compliance: Interoperability Lack of control Standardisation SLA ( Model T Ford)
Challenges Organisational barriers (Silo mentality) Reliability (service outage) Definition of SLAs (Service Level Agreement) Service management, Monitoring Customisation / Integration with other applications
If you are going to do it..1. Understand the options and technologies2. Have a look at what you do..3. If its complex inside the firewall…Rationalize infrastructure & applications4. leverage SOA for applications, appropriate standards, governance5. Identify the costs per user - Compare costs with internal hosting.6. Start with Open Data… no arguments here….
OpenStreetMap, 2012200,000 contributors, one map
What is Cloud? DON’T WORRY, TRUST US, WE HAVE IT ALL UNDER CONTROL
What has Cloud ever done for us? Apart from Scale, Speed, Agility, Low Cost, Enterprise Mapping, Open Data, Standards, Google, API’s, Open Street Maps, Map Servers,GIS - More than just Location, Spatial Analysis and wider adoption now possible 49
Why this is so compelling: It’s a disruptive technology • Does it meet enterprise needs • Easy to control • SLA / Support • Good enough for startups and SME • “Cheap” compute • Pilot and trial…Source: upcoming research, Cloud Computing: Not Ready For The Enterprise...Yet.
G Cloud – UK… • Distributed Cloud • Work like a Network • Everyone • Can See • Can Play • Can Add Value (Within Limits) • Shared Data Centres • App Store • Issues – • Support • Code Base • Open Source Push • My View – 3 Models • Car Boot Sale • Charity Shop • Department Store
Smart CitiesGartner: “networked sensors in everything we own will form anew Web (the Internet of Things). But it will only be of value ifthe ‘terabyte torrent’ of data it generates could be collected,analysed and interpreted” … and .. just because we can….
BIG DATA? Massive network of services: water, sewage, drains … Need to know asset location for planning and maintenance Many databases, varying accuracy and provenance Context Ongoing street openings p.a. Safety!
What do Clouds currently not do?• Anything subject to compliancy – Includes PCI-compliant applications• Apps that call back to performance sensitive services in your data centre• Apps that require tight coupling between instances• Sensitive Data• Large applications that don’t fit inside VMs Is there anything they can’t do?
Cloud conclusions• Government cannot ignore cloud• Public Cloud and Big Data• Public Cloud and Open Data• SLA needs to be more Open• Future is Cloudy