Reorients development from a “needs-based” approach. Needs-based models seek to identify weaknesses in a local community and then implement strategies to overcome those weaknesses
This method of mobilizing citizens focuses on negative characteristics of a community and demoralizes local residents, thus limiting proactive action at the local level.
Focusing on local assets, instead of needs and deficits, allows residents to identify possibilities for change that they can control, and energizes residents to take action.
Asset-Based Community Development Individual self-interest Relationships undeveloped
Asset Mapping Catalyst which causes Relationships to Develop
Relationships form based on Networks, Trust and Norms
One Outcome is Community Action!
While the needs-based approach focuses on garnering external resources to solve problems, the alternative asset based approach looks for residents’ personal skills and dreams and links them to action through a public articulation of these local assets.
Using local resources to grow their own jobs through entrepreneurial activity— Economic Gardening—instead of recruiting them from outside the community, or Economic Hunting. The idea evolved from work by Dr. David Birch at MIT who argued that a majority of all new jobs in any local economy were produced by small local businesses.
Core Elements of Economic Gardening
1) Providing information, infrastructure
and connections for local growth companies;
2) Providing connections between industry and academia; 3) Focusing on quality of life and amenities.
Introduce Alternate Management Systems in Horticulture, including the following:
Complete Plant Nutrition.
Correct & Innovative Cultural Practices.
Collective Micro Enterprise.
Poverty Mitigation/ Prosperity;
Ecologically Safe/ Sustainable Food Production & Afforestation;
Poverty Eradication: In order to fight hunger and combat poverty and deprivation we must release and tap the enormous potential of the people who can develop their own skills and local resources.
Sub Alpine; Sub-Tropical & Temperate Produce.
50 % Harvest Potential Loss due to Poor Trees/ Seed; Poor Cultural Practices; Poor Plant Nutrition:
30 – 35 % Loss due to Poor Quality.
35 – 40 % Pre/ Post Harvest Loss.
Poor Market Conditions.
Adopt intermediate and/or transitional technologies contributing to: Generating Economy. Creating Basic Production. Improving Employment Opportunities. Ensuring Adequate Living Standards. Bringing about gradual changes from extensive systems with low productivity to intensive ones with higher productivity. Ushering in Prosperity. Producing an adequate Benefit/Cost Ratio. Reducing pressure from Natural Resources.
Marmalade; Tomato Paste; Ketchup; Fruit Pulp; Pure Juices; Nectars; Concentrates & Baby Food.
Edible Oil Processing Plants.
Potato/ Onion Processing.
Slaughtering/ Rendering Plants.
Green Beans & Berries Processing/ Freezing/ Packing.
Ice Blocks/ Flakes Plant.
Mineral Water & Honey Plants.
Pilot Community Based Production Project:
Projects for Wool Spinning, Shawl and Carpet Weaving, Bed Linen and Quilt Production, Bridal Dresses, etc. through Provision of Training/ Equipment/ Raw material and Collective Marketing.
More Complete Drying.
COMPOST: Compost is a soil amendment made from a variety of organic materials, which have fermented or decomposed in a compost pile. The reason for making a compost pile is to make good use of all garbage, manures, vegetable waste and ashes, returning them to the soil to enrich it, and to help plants grow better.
THE “ENVIRONMENT/ PREDATOR PROTECTED GREEN/ SHADE HOUSE” IS A THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, LOW-COST, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY INTERVENTION. IT IS BASED UPON THE AUSTRALLIAN CONCEPT OF PERMACULTURE, THE STRUCTURE PROVIDES AN ENVIRONMENTALLY PROTECTED, COMPOST BED, SUB-SOIL IRRIGATED KITCHEN GARDEN FOR NUTRITION ENHANCEMENT. IT IS ADMIRABLY SUITED TO SELF-RELIANCE, LONG TERM, REFUGEE/ DISASTER REHABILITATION CAMPS. EASY TO FOLLOW, STEP BY STEP GUIDES IN URDU ARE AVAILABLE. THIS STRUCTURE CAN BE MADE FROM A VARIETY OF MATERIALS.
THE “KHUMBI KULLA” OR LOW-COST MUSHROOM STRUCTURE IS PERHAPS THE ONLY SOURCE OF NUTRITION IN CASE OF NUCLEAR WINTER. THIS 5’X5’X7’ STRUCTURE CONTAINS EIGHT 1/2 METER SQUARE TRAYS FOR MUSHROOMS. THESE TRAYS CAN BE ALTERNATED WITH FRESH MANURE TRAYS TO PROVIDE NATURAL HEATING, THROUGH DECOMPOSITION, IN WINTERS. THE STRUCTURE CAN USE ESCAPS CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY MAKING IT LOW-COST AND QUICKLY ERECTED. KHUMBI KULLA
Kerosene Heated Incubator
ROOF-TOP WATER HARVESTING:
Shade House Drip Irrigation Surface Water Harvest Surface Water Harvest Sprinkle Irrigation
New technology being used:
Integrated & Complete Plant Nutrition.
More Quality and Quantity produce.
Exportable Surplus of ‘A’ Grade Produce.
Water Conservation: (Harvesting, Pumping and Irrigation):
Increases both spread and effectiveness of water resource.
Increases Intensive Horticulture.
Improves Cost: Benefit Ratio.
Innovative Cultural Practices & Structures:
Readily available raw materials.
Tried and tested.
1 6 2 3 4 5 8 9 7 11 10 Village Development Plans (VDPs). # ITEM 1 Formation of Village Councils. 2 Asset Mapping. Survey of land Holding/ Skills/ Requirements and detailed data Bank of facilities available. 3 Estimate of Input requirements. 4 5 Infrastructure establishment. 6 Capacity Building. 7 Provision of Micro Credit. 8 Implementation of Productivity Enhancement Interventions . 9 Close Supervision. 10 Planting/ Harvesting/ Manufacturing, Storage, Processing Packaging & Sale. 11 Distribution of profits.
Capital Cost Estimates: Total of 164 Revenue Villages = Rs. 492 million: Stakeholder Contribution Rs. 42.64 million Project Funds Stakeholder Contribution 3,000,000 260,000 Grand Total AJKRSP 300,000 Management Fee @ 10 % Project Funds 2,500,000 Sub Total 10% Cash/ Kind) 250,000 Community Participation 8 Micro Industry/ Intensive Horticulture/ Livestock (needs based on VDP) 1,420,000 Productivity Enhancement 7 Rs.0.2 m per VC * 3 per Revenue Village 900,000 Social Development Sector 6 4 individuals per VC, 12 individuals per Revenue Village @ Rs.15,000.00 per individual 180,000 Financial Support for Income Generation activities 5 200,000 Sub Total 3 VDPs per Revenue Village 45,000 VDP preparation 4 10% 10,000 AJKRSP Contribution 3 9 per VC 27 per Revenue Village 100,000 Capacity Building 2 3 VCs per Revenue Village 55,000 VC formation 1
Aggressive and vigorous action needs to be taken at all levels in order to ward off the great danger of food insecurity that we are faced with.